How to increase literacy rate of a country with special emphasis on rural areas including girl child and minority communities?
Best Answer: We in India have more than 70% population living in rural areas. These people have to be educated about the need of education for their cohesion and adjustment with the educated people living in the urban and metropolitan cities in this highly surcharged atmosphere of competition. In order to teach more people, we have to reach more people; especially in rural areas. Although Government aided and run educational schools and colleges are fulfilling the needs of the populace, yet, there is a urgent need to enhance the educational pursuit through people oriented programmes. The following are some of the aspects which are to be taken into account for spreading literacy amongst the people.
a/ Making the people aware about the need of education through print and electronics medias.
b/ Opening more schools and colleges in the less accessible areas.
c/ Provide reading and other educational aids’ including books to the needy.
d/ Providing uniforms to the needy.
e/ Provision of scholarship to the needy.
f/ Picking up the meritorious students for higher studies from the rural areas.
g/ Give specialized type of education to the physically challenged children/children with special needs.
h/ Periodically monitor the educational standard of the people areawise and devise measures for its improvement.
i/ Provide grant-in-aid for needy for meeting needs arising out of educational pursuit.
j/ Provide computers and other modern electronic aids for the schools.
k/ Proper training and education for the teachers for making the educational pursuit a successful venture.
l/ Make the people aware about teaching women folks with a view that if we teach a girl you teach a family as a whole.
m/ As far as possible make educational pursuit possible for adults also so that they could also assimilate in the society and get benefits that are accrued.
n/ Those amongst us who could not educate themselves due to some reason or the other, starting special classes for them so that they adjust with the society as a whole. NGOs should chip in for this.*
*Literacy rate of any country depends on the facilities available in the forms of schools/educational institutions, needful infrastructure for these (study rooms, proper and clean toilet facilities – separate for boys and girls, adequate number of trained teachers proportional to the students so that individual necessary playing equipment/toys for specially needed children (for varieties of disabilities) with physiotherapist and specially trained teachers who could meet the needs of these gifted children etc.
In rural India, there is a need of girls’ education because there is wide disparity in the literacy rate of boys and girls. It is well known fact that when we educate a girl, we educate the entire family as such because the child in the initial stage of growth and development, first lesson is imparted by the mother and if she is educated she can amply do so. Illiteracy of the females negatively impacts the entire family to which she goes after marriage. If she is literate and well educated besides cultured one; well versed in value system including traditional modes of behaviour then she can conveniently transfer/impart that value system to her children which doubtlessly will help afterwards in life when a child grows up and faces life. The sluggishness in females’ education could better be removed through the joint and sincere efforts of Government and parents. Efforts should also be made to convince the parents to send the girl child for necessary schooling. An idea should be spread that both boys and girls need education for adjusting in the life. More so for girls for they have to assimilate themselves in different sort of environments after their marriage. Though in urban and metropolitan cities the literacy rate of girls has improved manifold yet in rural areas there are glitches like non-availability of more schools, teaching staff and other requisites like sanitation etc for girl students which need to be attended urgently. More funds should be provisioned by the Government for infrastructural and other provisions in the rural areas. If rural area with more population is awaken through literacy then the country as a whole will have inclusive progress.
Apart from giving fillip to education to girls, there is an urgent need of enhancing literacy rate amongst minorities along with attending to the caste related problems impacting their education. It has been experienced that children from these communities although enroll in the school in first standard but their dropout rate is too high because of factors like financial stringency due to poverty of parents, school available at far off places and available schools do not have trained and efficient staff including non-willingness on the parts of parents to send their children to school etc. Rather they would like their children, in many cases, to follow the parents’ traditional profession to meet the family financial needs. Actually absolute poverty too deters the pursuit of educational pursuits in the rural areas. Though Government is making efforts in educating the rural masses the need of education through publicity campaign and by opening new schools and bridging the gap yet still more needs to be done.