How to increase literacy rate of a country with special emphasis on rural areas including girl child and minority communities?

How to increase literacy rate of a country with special emphasis on rural areas including  girl child and minority communities?


 Best Answer:  We in India have more than 70% population living in rural areas. These people have to be educated about the need of education for their cohesion and adjustment with the educated people living in the urban and metropolitan cities in this highly surcharged atmosphere of competition. In order to teach more people, we have to reach more people; especially in rural areas. Although Government aided and  run educational schools and colleges are fulfilling the needs of the populace, yet, there is a urgent need to enhance the educational pursuit through people oriented programmes. The following are some of the aspects which are to be taken into account for spreading literacy amongst the people.

a/ Making the people aware about the need of education  through print and electronics medias. 

b/ Opening more schools and colleges in the less accessible areas. 

c/ Provide reading and other educational aids’ including books to the needy. 

d/ Providing uniforms to the needy. 

e/ Provision of scholarship to the needy. 

f/ Picking up the meritorious students for higher studies from the rural areas. 

g/ Give specialized type of education to the physically challenged children/children with special needs. 

h/ Periodically monitor the educational standard of the people areawise and devise measures for its improvement. 

i/ Provide grant-in-aid for needy for meeting needs arising out of educational pursuit. 

j/ Provide computers and other modern electronic aids for the schools. 

k/ Proper training and education for the teachers for making the educational pursuit a successful venture. 

l/ Make the people aware about teaching women folks with a view that if we teach a girl you teach a family as a whole.

m/ As far as possible make educational pursuit possible for adults also so that they could also assimilate in the society and get benefits that are accrued.

n/ Those amongst us who could not educate themselves due to some reason or the other, starting special classes for them so that they adjust with the society as a whole. NGOs should chip in for this.*

*Literacy rate of any country depends  on the facilities available in the forms of schools/educational institutions, needful infrastructure for these (study rooms, proper and clean toilet facilities – separate for boys and girls,  adequate number of trained teachers proportional to the students  so that individual necessary playing equipment/toys for specially needed children (for varieties of disabilities) with physiotherapist and specially trained teachers who could meet the needs of these gifted  children etc.


In rural India, there is a need of girls’ education because there is wide disparity in the literacy rate of boys and girls. It is well known fact that when we educate a girl, we educate the entire family as such because the child in the initial stage of growth and development, first lesson is imparted by the mother and if she is educated she can amply do so. Illiteracy of the females negatively impacts the entire family to which she goes after marriage. If she is literate and well educated besides cultured one; well versed in value system including traditional modes of behaviour then she can conveniently transfer/impart that value system to her children which doubtlessly will help afterwards in life when a child grows up and faces life. The sluggishness in females’ education could better be removed through the joint and sincere efforts of Government and parents. Efforts should also be made to convince the parents to send the girl child for necessary schooling.  An idea should be spread that both boys and girls need education for adjusting in the life. More so for girls for they have to assimilate themselves in different sort of environments after their marriage. Though in urban and metropolitan cities the literacy rate of girls has improved manifold yet in rural areas there are glitches like non-availability of more schools, teaching staff and other requisites like sanitation etc for girl students which need to be attended urgently.  More funds should be provisioned by the Government for infrastructural and other provisions in the rural areas.  If rural area with more population is awaken through literacy then the country as a whole will have inclusive progress.

Apart from giving fillip to education to girls, there is an urgent need of enhancing literacy rate amongst minorities along with attending to the caste related problems impacting their education. It has been experienced that children from these communities although enroll in the school in first standard but their dropout rate is too high because of factors like financial stringency due to poverty of parents, school available at far off places and available schools do not have trained and efficient staff including non-willingness on the parts of parents to send their children to school etc. Rather they would like their children, in many cases, to follow the parents’ traditional profession to meet the family financial needs. Actually absolute poverty too deters the pursuit of educational pursuits in the rural areas. Though Government is making efforts in educating the rural masses the need of education through publicity campaign and by opening new schools and bridging the gap yet still more needs to be done.




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Posted by on October 24, 2015 in Inner Thoughts





For living a life of significance

With all our slip ups nipped in the bud with full all patience

By aspiring for a code of conduct

With the experiences we get

From the daily routines done presently

And the incidents experienced in the days gone by

Which remain etched in our memory

And keep guiding us

To follow those thoughts and actions

Which are in sync with the norms and obligations

Set by the society for a civilized and orderly living

Some of value systems are transformed by the family we are born

From historical perspectives and socio-cultural traditions

Followed presently for evolution of civilization

Then also by democratic values of  thoughts of liberty of thoughts and expression

Strides in scientific temper and modern values thereto have helped improvisation

And mitigation of masses’ all round condition

By elimination of rampant paradoxes and superstition,

Innovation in transportation and media communication

Has really helped dissemination of information

Globalization has blurred the boundaries internationally

Spiritual values give religious insights into higher values and their application

Of positive thoughts of empathy, righteousness  and compassion

Besides indomitable belief on Supreme Consciousness

Through truthfulness and sincere meditation

This way we stand firm what relationship creations

Has with our Creator.

All mixed together make universal values a living reality

Higher values help maintenance of harmonious relationship a possibility

Helping us for mutual admiration for each others culture and values followed traditionally.


In the morning hours, while passing through junior wing of our school, I observed that some decoration pieces had fallen from the stand on which these were placed. The students were going to their respective classes even trampling those decoration pieces. Suddenly, I saw a small girl picking those decoration pieces and putting them at their proper places. She even took the assistance of her friends in the group. I mentioned this to one of the teachers who also appreciated this act of hers. I take this as a value learned from the parents or peer group. In our daily life, we are in tearing hurry to transact our personal business without caring what is happening around us – thinking that it does not concern us! This is travesty of fact, a fact which is considered as lowest in value system rung.   

There are no two opinions that values are man-made and need based too. Values considered good for particular community may not be considered good by the other community. For instance there are the communities who teach their children how to steal from the childhood itself. But stealing is considered as a crime by the land of the land. Then what our soldiers are trained for is another example of particular value – to safeguard the integrity of the country even by making supreme sacrifice. Here too values differ. It goes to show that there are some values which are required to be followed as a member of a particular region or society and there are some values which are considered respected in the country we live besides there are values which have universal appeal.

Whatever we do, we should do that with full consciousness or awareness. In that awareness, we should let love to dwell in us, without worrying about whether our act is according to the set values or not because whatever is done in sound awareness can hardly be wrong. Thus awareness and love are more essential. A practice being followed or learned over a period of time or randomly done gets into our habit or behaviour is value based.

The moral principles and values originated as code of conduct to mould human behaviour as a response to given situation. These have been gleaned from the chapters of history of the past and based on the experiences we formulate new sets of values suiting our timeline. This code of conduct helps us in fulfilling our objectives and help shape our destinies according to present requirements.

HOLY QURAN DECLARES: And the believers, men and women, are friends of another. They enjoined good and forbid evil and observe Prayer and pay the Zakaat and obey ALLAH and HIS Messenger. It is these on whom ALLAH will have mercy. Surely, ALLAH is Mighty and Wise.

Essentially,  for a civilized and organized society, it is important that the people observe some code of conduct brought about during the passage of time along with experiences gained during that period. The moral principles and values observed moulds the human behaviour. Study of historical perspective and ancient philosophies make huge impression on human evolution.

Human values have drawn their inspiration from various sources in the course of history besides spiritualism, philosophy and religion, socio-cultural traditions have been the predominant determinants for formulating the basic human values through different period of evolution of human civilization. Some of these are given as under:-

  • HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE AND ITS AFFECTS ON CULTURAL VALUES.. Historical perspective play a dominant role in ascertaining the norms of behavior and values practiced at particular period of time. Codified history influences the present thinking and affects the societies in general. For example, in the medieval period is known to have associated with Islamic influence and rule in India. It went almost for three centuries including Mughal Empire who first of all invaded India and then adopted India as their own. The culture and value system they brought with them got assimilated in India itself and enriched Indian culture and tradition. Ganga-Jamuni tehzeeb (Ganga-Yamuna Culture) which is effusion of Hindu and Muslim cultures.
  • PHILOSOPHIES PROPOUNDED BY RENOWNED PHILOSOPHERS. Ancient philosophers contributed much for the present times as far as culture, tradition and values are concerned. For example contributions of renowned philosophers like John Loke (father of liberalism), Thomas Aquinas (Advocate of existence of God), Confucius (Advocated natural morality), Descartes (father of modern philosophy), Plato (Believed that there must be some power for the creation of universe),Aristotle (He wrote about abstract or concrete philosophy) etc. All these Western philosophers among others including those oriental Indians philosophies have contributed immensely to the cultural ethos and moral, ethical and cultural values of the world.
  • DEMOCRATIC VALUES. Democratic principles of liberty, freedom to elect governments of choice, freedom of expression, revision of incentives for democratization of thoughts are the main determinants of human values which help in evolution of higher values and virtuous life held dear by the people.
  • VALUE SYSTEM MAKE HUMANS HUMANE. The distinction between human beings is the richness of value system one possesses among other basic modes of behaviour (ethical, moralistic, spiritualistic etc) which everybody should possess for a sublime and civilized living. A person could have higher value system in one field but could have lower value system in other field of activity. The index of value system is the richness in beliefs, faiths and norms of behaviour being followed by the society.

Lord Jesus modeled this core value when He uttered, “For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.

  • POLITICAL VALUE SYSTEM. It has been observed that now-a-days politics is more or less bereft of values systems. The political parties and its leader publish manifestos for their respective parties but when they win the election, they woefully forget the promises made to the people. By their unethical acts they stoop to lower ladder of value system in political arena.
  • RELIGIOUS VALUE SYSTEM. By following the religious teachings in various scriptures, the proponents / followers of religions follow these religious preaching and seek god’s connectivity. Those who follow religious philosophies without reservation and without diluting these teachings, get higher values in life. A person with higher religious values is rich in spiritualism with all the positive traits such as empathy, compassion etc which inspire us for meditation which is beneficial for our soul and provides us occasion to have indomitable belief on god. With this value system, we can stand for what we believe in relation to religion and spiritualism. Religious value too stresses maintenance of harmonious relationships with followers of religions other than ones own.

The VEDIC Value system enlightens us  about:  Dharma (Righteousness), Artha (Maternal possession), Kama (Desire), Shivam (Supreme Consciousness and goodness),Sundram (beauty), Satyam (Truthfulness),

  • FINANCIAL VALUE SYSTEM. We require money in order to meet our various needs which we call material possessions for a comfortable living. For this, we have to work sincerely. If we earn this finance by adopting sincere and legitimate methods then it falls in the category of economic high value system. If we earn through some corrupt or ulterior means then it is low value system.
  • SOCIAL VALUE SYSTEM. Social values are the ones which we learn from our family initially and then friends and environment in which we live. Social etiquette include learning social obligations, to live in harmony with others obeying all the civic rules, obeying social norms held dear by the society for concord and cooperation. Social values learned helps us in imbibing positive relations with fellow beings and shun antisocial and behaviour which is anti-thesis of social norms.
  • ETERNAL VALUES ARE ABSOLUTE, REAL, it is pure consciousness, pure perception, pure knowledge, gives pure knowledge (ananda), bliss or everlasting happiness, eternal peace, exalted values and are eternal in nature. These values are like the light of the sun which gives energy to all the objects.



Posted by on April 29, 2017 in Inner Thoughts, WELLNESS




Posted by on April 19, 2017 in Inner Thoughts




(ON 14TH APRIL 2017)


Amongst all Fridays’, the most Holy,
Call it a Good Friday or a Somber Friday,
But one thing can overlooked hardly
It is a day of reckoning for humanity
When our heart is filled with a feeling so empty
Grief is writ large on the faces of gentry
Who truly know about Good Friday.

Prayers and fasting are common features on this day
This Solemn Day is observed as an anniversary
Whence our most revered Jesus Christ
Left his physical body on this planet
To meet the Supreme Spirit
Good Friday’s purity remains in their hearts
Of a commoner or a priest.

A Day which we reminisce,
When our dearly loved Lord Jesus Christ,
Offered himself on the Cross,
Without even a slightest emotional upsurge,
Saintly and most compassionate while in real life’s passage,
And exceptionally serene whilst meeting his end in flesh and blood.
Underwent crucification and ultimate surrender,
On this Day – to our common Creator!
Yet seeking forgiveness for his perpetrators
Sinful ones at the helm responsible for his death!
So merciful even to irreligious ungodly power famished!
With eternal words: ‘Father, forgive them
For they know not what they do’
Such compassionate words are amazing one
It could be with the heart of one who is the dearest Son
Of Omnipotent and Omniscient
Such empathy is a key to Christ Consciousness
Suffering for us – relentless pangs combined with humiliation,
A holy death indeed for our redemption,
His supreme sacrifice is an instrument of compensation,
For the sins of everyone of us on this earth.

AND then followed by a surprise resurrection,
Thus stunning the people at large by this revivification.
Methods may differ in observation,
But the sacredness of Good Friday remains,
Devout kneel with utmost reverence, which they pay,
Before wooden Cross kept in Churches so holy on this day.
Seven last words of Lord Christ are too repeated,
So that HIS utterances remain engraved,
In our memory-lane forever and ever.
A symbolic burial of the Lord too is performed,
Differences may be in the methods,
Yet inner most springing of touching feeling is unparalleled,
For our Beloved Jesus Christ,
Who for Truth’s sake gave His everything,
So that we may be absolved of our sins.


History is witness to the fact that the incarnations of our Creator had to endure trials and tribulations in their real life time while living on this earth. People who opposed their ideas and ideals always opposed them tooth and nail because these God’s Incarnations were the messengers of peace and their mission was to spread the ETERNAL TRUTH. They preached ‘Bless them that curse you.’ They presented a living example for us humans to see how best they withstood onslaughts of those who opposed the very ideals which has divergent viewpoints – departure from their pseudo and outdated beliefs.

While reforming the masses and showing them the true path, the messenger of our God Jesus Christ faced several obstacles from those who opposed his idea. The other incarnations like et al Lord Krishna, Lord Rama, Prophet Mohammad faced many hurdles at every step but with their foresight and fortitude these Apostles of Peace challenged the old and hackneyed mores of behaviour and came out unscathed ultimately. Surprisingly, after their earthy sojourns they were accepted as the Messengers of God by one and all. This is the tragedy of humans that we do not recognize our God’s Messengers/Incarnations while they were on this planet but when they are no longer with us then we take them as their revered ones and worship them for their preaching!

Lord Jesus Christ is one such example amongst others like Prophet Mohammad, Lord Krishna, Lord Rama who gave new meaning and content to the philosophy of living. These Messengers of Peace fought for the common people and were able to rid the society of the evil doers and challenged the very philosophies of people at the helm of affairs during the periods on this earth. In that process these Sons of God had to face opposition. People who mattered suspected these God’s messengers because their ideals were counter to their (powerful opponents) own and in upholding these they (Sons of God) had to face trials and tribulations. During the life time Jesus Christ did everything to rid the then society of the evils prevalent and wanted to change the outlook of the people.

Jesus anguished and felt sympathy even for his tormentors while he agonized on the cross for us all. We should never forget that He suffered so that we are redeemed of our sins that we as humans do commit. There were disturbances and upheavals after he gave up his spirit.

Crucification of Jesus Christ gave a new meaning of life to us humans to follow. His ideals and preaching are held dear by us all and will remain so till eternity. May this Day remain etched in our memory as the day of redemption of humanity and He remains a beacon of light for all of us on this earth.

It is well said, there is always a light after the darkness. Jesus used to heal the physical ills of masses, he wanted their highest good while he was in flesh and blood like us. But the insensitive people just crucified him! This is also a fact that he had the power to escape being crucified but he did not do so. And in even in agony he said: ‘Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do.’ That is why He had to come back again for our happiness and for our purification. This purification is attained only when we’ve conquered our weaknesses in the form of our ego etc.

If crufication was a dark blot on those who crucified Jesus, the Easter is commemorated as a symbol of resurrection. Easter celebration has a historic perspective. It also symbolizes rebirth; a pious day that is why devotees decorate their houses, rejoice, mass prayers are conducted in Churches. It is a celebration in connection with the rising of Christ – the Son of God. Easter also opens door for a holy association with God through Jesus Christ. Amen.


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Posted by on April 13, 2017 in Inner Thoughts





Festivals in India are due to a number of substantial reasons. It may be due to change in season, in the memory of certain historical events, cultural and religious events, traditional based principles, fairs at the holy places of peers and saints etc. The well-known amongst several ones are Dussehra, Diwali, Eids, Christmas Day, Gurpurbhs, Lohri, Holi and others having regional and national connotations. In all these festivals, people of different hues celebrate with jovially and religious fervour. Baisakhi is generally celebrated in Northern India on 13th  April every year. It is also a starting of New Year of Vikrami Samvat Calendar.

Baisakhi is generally celebrated in Northern India on 13th April every year. It is also a starting of New Year of Vikrami Samvat Calendar. This is a cultural harvest festival which takes place annually and all people celebrate this day with full zeal and enthusiasm.

In the childhood, our classmate friends  used to wait with huge eagerness for this Baisakhi fair for which we  used to get extra money to spend for various sorts of eatables and fruits available in the fair. The Baisakhi was the meeting place for other relatives and friends.

People start from their houses in the form of congregation from the early hours itself, singing group songs and dancing to the tunes of drums in colourful / holiday finery. A designated holy place of some Peer or Saint or Temple or Gurdwara is well chosen by the populace for this occasion.

Competitions of Gidha or folk dances by women in their colourful and attractive attire and Bhangra by the men-folks also in their best outfits are the major attraction. Besides wrestling bouts (dangal) by the famous wrestlers of the area are also organized. Prizes are distributed to the winners of these events. People get together and meet their friends. This fair affords the participants an opportunity to expand their friends circle.

New meaning to this festival was given in 1699 when Khalsa Path was established by Guru Gobind Singh – the 10th Guru of Sikhs at Anandpur Sahib – a place most venerated by one and all. Khalsa means PURE without any negativity and leading a perfect life besides having courage to lay down their lives for a noble cause.

The festival holds special significance to Sikhs. Many Sikhs choose to be baptized on holy day of Baisakhi. People also come out from their houses in the form of congregations called Nagar Kirtans singing hymns from Shri Guru Granth Sahib. What a day to remember!

 BAISAKHI is celebrated due to the following:- 

  • It is celebrated on the occasion of 1st day of Baisakh month of Bikrami Calendar (Samat). People chalk out different plan of actions for the coming year as per Bikrami Calendar and pray that their sincere thought out plans get fructified.


  • BAISAKHI is a seasonal festival and it is especially celebrated in Punjab region and in Jammu province; especially after finishing the activities related to crops wheat harvesting and selling their produce in the marketplace  giving the people cause to celebrate with gusto.


  • After harvesting the wheat crop and ploughing their fields for sowing new crops including some cash crops, the farmers feel joyous and to express their joy they celebrate it by staging Bhangra in different groups, Bhangra competitions are also held and award presented to the one who wins this competition.


  • This is in the form of fair (mela) wherein people gather in majority and make merry. Different stalls selling wooden crafts and other household earthen wares are sold there at reasonable prices. Then there are the stalls selling the seasonal fruits like water melon and musk melon make brisk sales. All age group people including children enjoy Baisakhi fair.
  • Baisakhi also affords an opportunity or an occasion to thank God for bestowing the farmers with bountiful crops besides praying for more crops in future too.
  • Baisakhi has special significance for the Sikhs since on this day, Khalsa Panth was established by 10th Sikh Guru Gobind Singh. On this day Sadh Sangat take organise religious congregations and sing prayers and rhymes from Sri Granth Sahib.
  • Hindus and Budhists too celebrate Baisakhi with zeal and enthusiasm. Hindus take sacred bath in River Ganges and other rivers. They pray to God for His grace. Even in parts of South India this day is celebrated but with a different name.





Baisakhi fair held a new meaning for us as children

We used to wait for very keenly this festival

It marks the ushering in of joyous New Year,

Of Vikrami Samvat  – Calendar,

A lunar calendar based on ancient Hindu tradition of yore,

Falling, surprising on 13th April every year!

When new resolutions are made,

And old ones introspected,

And lessons learned.

A festival known variously in countless regions of India.

Whilst the farmers toil in the fields on months on ends,

Ploughing their fields from early morning till fall of night,

Occasionally forgetting even siesta and meals many times,

Sow seeds and water the crop that grows,

Looking after the crops in the fields,

Observing its growth with huge eagerness,

So that his crop’s yield may grow,,

Like the farmers observe the growth of their dear ones at home.

On this auspicious day the farmers,

Having collected whole of the crop yield so harvested,

Join together in singing, merrymaking with full gusto,

Celebrate Baisakhi with Bhangra and gidha at full throttle,

In their colourful mesmeric folk attires,

Distributing sweets and good wishes to others in delight.

At the holy mazars (monuments) of ‘pirs’ and ‘fakirs’,

Known for their piousness and ocean of wisdom,

Offer prayers for the prosperity all around,

And also for their crop yield to grow, years after years.

The nature too is at its colorful best,

With flowers emitting fragrance,

The blanket of greenery spreading,

Factually so mesmerizing,

Soothing to our eyes that these could survey,

Making the environs invigorating and heady indeed,

Surprisingly without even intoxicating agent!

This day too has a history of its own,

Shri Guru Gobind Singh established Khalsa Panth,

To bestow security to the unfortunate ones,

People too gather in various Gurudwaras,

Shri Golden Temple emanates its splendor, as ever,

Devout take a dip in tank, a holy one,

And pray for well-being of their nears and dears,

Do come to our succor,

O our dearest Creator.

Harbans Khajuria



Posted by on April 12, 2017 in Inner Thoughts




The single minded pursuit of modern man is quest for material possessions. This grand race for material possessions has made our life mechanical thus saying goodbye to spiritual and moral considerations. We want to showcase ourselves in brighter light whereas our main purpose may be something ulterior..Whenever our talk centres around spiritualism or God related issues, some of us question even the existence of God and want tangible proof or experimental proof. Such men actually want proof for anything and everything. This is the prevailing outlook on life that even a child is getting prejudiced. If we want our children to be spiritually awakened, we have to influence them in the childhood itself otherwise they would be swayed by some ulterior perspective.


Our education system gives stress to bookish knowledge thus gain degrees but very little is stressed on art of living and show to adjust in the society. From the very inception of studies, stress is given as to how to excel materially.  Although it is also not disputed that material possession is important but there ought to be a limit to all this. The spiritual aspect is being ignored resulting in tension at home and workplace.  This results in youth being restless, discouraged and cynical.  The young minds are also adversely affected by the pre-occupation of their parents in the rat race for name and fame. This is the main cause that the tender aged children when losing touch with realities of life, get disillusioned and follow immoral and unethical style of life. They are caught in the whirlpool of vicious circle of ignorance that no logic under the sun can change that. The humane mentality and ethical style of life gets diluted.


Character of our children could be transformed from the childhood itself by giving them quality time thus imparting them moral, ethical values apart from spiritual values. But in actual practice, it has been seen that the parents have neither time nor care to take care of their children thereby building the child’s future on the unbalanced foundation. Though impressionable yet directionless mind of the child gets tossed from one thought to another, leaving him more confused. A huge responsibility lies with the parents to set standards not only value based but also spiritually inclined. Parents can have far reaching affect since children stay more with them than with their Gurus/teacher affecting  the child’s life qualitatively and quantitatively.


Next to parents at home, the teachers’ responsibility is also paramount.  There are the teachers who just spoon-feed their so that they qualify the examination. There is no denying the fact that their main task is to teach as per syllabus but teaching cannot be done in a vacuum. It has to be broad based. It should make the students to learn more than 3 Rs (Reading, wRiting and aRithmetic’s). It is also how best to do it; employing proper methodology, with indepth study that which makes the students interested in their studies. This could be possible when teachers establish good rapport with the students. If teachers teach conscientiously and make the study processes easy to understand and make it rather like thoughtful exercise for all round improvement of the students – meaning physiological, psychological and  spiritualistic. I happen to meet one of the teachers, who takes his profession very sincerely and seriously; teaches all the concepts involved in teaching  physics – both theory and practical. He welcomes students even at odd hours for explaining them different concepts involved in Physics, even during recess break which obviously for refreshment. He not only makes the study processes more appealing but also meditative. But when it comes to awarding marks, it is purely based on the performance. He is practical in that too. He hardly cares if more of his students fail due to non-performance while others try to give grace marks which amounts to awarding inefficiency.  Doing one’s duty conscientiously and with utmost dedication is also a spiritual duty. Those who fudge their results award inefficiency, in the long run, they are doing disservice to their students hence falls under  spiritual deprivation.


The common man is steeped in ignorance, poverty and ill-conceived notions that he has got no time to mend his ways. It has been seen that only very low percentage of people have some vestige of humanness and goodness left in them. Sharing and caring others misfortunes should be our motto in our life. Selfless concern makes difference in our life.


 In ancient India there was a great guru shishya prampara (teacher pupil tradition), the small children were sent to Gurukuls for learning various disciplines amongst these getting knowledge with regard to value system (spiritual and moral values). Thus the students could sail through life with equanimity. But now the studies have become purely mechanical based on sense appeasement; more importance is being given to physical aspects The man should live on physical, emotional, intellectual, functional and existential plane.


We should never forget that nothing is permanent on this planet. The fortune of ours has ebb and flow. If one day we are on the top, we could be at the rock bottom too the next moment.. We know the example of the grear archer-warier Arjuna (of epic Mahabharta fame)  He made a mark in the battlefield of Kurukshtra and defeated his opponents but after the battle while Kauravas’ lost everything and when Lord Krishana was not with Pandavas, they lost their prowess and had to say good bye to rule and left for their eternal sojourn..


It can rightly be said that the conceited man who weaves his own set of contradictions, is ego-centric, filled with all sorts of ill-feeling for others and is drunk with heady potion of self-image in relation to material possession and status; an obsession which makes the man forget even the basic purpose of his existence. The perceptible change is shaped in value system and lifestyle of people in general has impacted the lifestyle of people in general. In not so distant past, we used to associate everything that we did with God, but now we extol ourselves for what is done by us. This is ego at its worst. Previously the people were not literate in formal sense but were knowledgeable and knew how best to behave with others. We can get mental peace only through sharing of joys and thank God for everything that we posses.


According to Bhagwad Gita, almost all vices generate from lust, greed and anger. Unbridled desires lead us astray and at one time be disastrous. These desires give rise to thoughts and actions thereof leading us to the path of spiritual deprivation. It generates greed which may have spiraling effect. When greed takes over us, our power of discrimination goes. We want our desire fulfilled by any means. This may be by force, by deceit or any immoral methods. This could be construed as spiritual deprivation at its lowest.

Third and most vitiating vice is the anger. When we are under its spell, we lose our mental balance and sense of proportion thereby act in such a manner which may tarnish our image for good. I had a practical experience what uncontrolled anger could do. While I was discussing some important matter with my organizational head – a person known for his literary talents, knowledge and balance of mind. During discussions, he received a call from somebody. I do not know what was the call about but it changed this man’s confident composure. He exploded in rage and used unprintable invectives for the person at the top of voice. A person with solid confidence and resolve seemed to be like a brittle glass, fallen on the ground with a bang and its pieces scattered all around the placid room. The impression I was having for the this person who was seething in anger just had a sea change and introspected what a change ANGER can cause to us. Such people are actually in huge pain mentally and they want everyone around them also in pain.


Those who have sixth sense know fully well that whatever happens, happens for the good of humans and with some sound reason. The injury disappears and the negative affect which an event has created just forgotten. Grudge that is felt should always be erased from the system or otherwise it will have negative effect. The grudge retained will also impact our energy, focus and state of our health.


One of the important policy the man should have is to forget and forgive. Having less or no feeling of resentment helps us to be more aware about ourselves. Whomsoever we counter in our life should be taken with a lot of confidence and brings about joyous feelings. Blaming our own self for anything and everything brings in its wake resentment, depression, stress, addiction and more anger. No grudge is worth holding on to. Nothing should affect our composure. When we grudge, it means either you live in the future or livein the past. In this process, we consume energy which could otherwise could be used for some productive venture. When pre-occupied with grudges, you cannot concentrate on the job at hand.


Spiritual way of living means associating with those who have the track record of doing good and disassociate from persons with ill-conceived notions. Ethical and moral code of conduct should be followed in our life since vices could entice us any time without any invitation and lead us to wrong path.

Following aspects should be kept in mind for removing spiritual deprivation:-

  • In our daily life activities, we must have come across people, who though illiterate, have sufficient wisdom and can influence others’ way of living.
  • Mindless transient actions will lead us astray. We ought to pursue positive ways of thoughts and actions thereof which help us refine our way of thinking and acting.
  • Students should be given quality time in their formative stage of their lives itself for all round development. Here parents and teachers have to play their respective their roles.
  • Ego leads to spiritual deprivation and therefore be removed from our lives.
  • We should insulate ourselves from three vices; lust, greed and anger for spiritual growth in our.
  • Ethical, moral and spiritual values should be imbibed in the children from childhood itself for a healthy growth.
  • Material possession is essential but it is not be all and end all should never be forgotten for spiritual living.





Posted by on April 7, 2017 in Inner Thoughts





In childhood we learned

A variety of things unknown

Some about ghosts and phantoms

Some about the worlds laced in mystery

From our parents we hold dearly

And from our dearest grandparents present

In the household

We are born to.

This knowledge is incomplete

Since in childhood

We’re not so mature enough

To weigh what is right and what is wrong

This learning has to be unlearned

When we reach the next stage of our life cycle

And our understanding and intelligence

In which we can comprehend what is out of date

And full of afflictions

Bereft of any comprehension

Is considered to be discarded

And what to be retained.

For living a life of composure

And a life full of sound purpose

It is better to unlearn the lesson learnt

Which creates impediments

Rather than helps in our further march

For a peaceful living with God’s grace.


The need for unlearning of some aspects of habits that we have already imbibed for use in our day to day life, during our childhood or during our interaction with our close relatives and friends. Some savoir-faire that we get is extremely important for projecting our viewpoint but there are some habits or know-how which, sorry to say, need to be weeded out or unlearned due to these being out of date or may be bordering on uncivilized behavior presently.

This aspect was brought home during my recent rail journey. I was really very disappointed at the tone and tenor and the rude language being used by one of the passengers while explaining about a thing. It was later learned that the concerned passenger (father) was hurling abuses to the other passenger (his own son) in front of others and the son too paid him in the same coin! I felt very surprised, firstly by the use of inappropriate language by the father and subsequently reaction of the son was equally bad thus proving the dictum ‘Like son like father’.  Although I could not intervene at that time since it was a matter between father and his son yet what I could expediently do was to pen down the incident so that this sort of unsavory behavior is highlighted and concerted efforts made for unlearn some habits and behavior patterns considered unethical and sometimes immoral.

In another scenario, if son should have remained mute spectator after abusive tirades on the son and should have fumbled for self esteem and self confidence in real life. It goes to show that the language learnt and used or the behavior or habits we imbibe in our childhood and thereafter impact our lifestyle. Or if the son having paid in the same coin, then we must have denigrated son more than his father or equally to both. Foul language or foul behavior has to be unlearnt the unethical thoughts and knowledge and stop becoming ‘kalyug ka Ravan’ or remove demon like afflictions from our midst. Need is to unlearn the thoughts and knowledge which has taken root in us and adopt new avenues for aspiring for fresh knowledge.

Holy  Quran describes Job as a righteous servant of Allah, who was afflicted by suffering for a lengthy period of time. However, it clearly states that Job never lost faith in God and forever called to God in prayer, asking Him to remove his affliction:

Unlearning too is dependent on the pre-conceived notion that the notions we are having is wrong and require unlearning. It could be on small issues or issues which have far reaching consequences.

The knowledge gained and worth retention is the one which is life centred and stands in good stead for keeping in peace not only individual concerned but also people around him/her. This is for the purpose of spreading light on others.

The conditioning that comes into force in our life during childhood remains indelible in our system. These conditioning may be partially right and partially wrong but during childhood everything is taken as a gospel truth because of lack of discernment. This aspect is compounded when children are surrounded by ignorant elders and other vest interests who do not want the innocent minds to have all round development / grow horizontally and vertically.

BIBLE  PROCLAIMS:Good sense is a fountain of life to him who has it, but the instruction of fools is folly.  Let the wise hear and increase in learning, and the one who understands obtain guidance,

In scientific jargon many theories got changed; for example Quantum theory demolished the earlier held notion of the nature of reality, about philosophies of cause and effect thereto etc.

During our childhood, we are fed with different versions about life, about births and deaths, about hell and heaven, about earth and planets, etc. It solely depends on the knowledge of the parents or more so the grandparents who feed us stories about the ghosts and phantoms to create a fear psychosis in the children to get things done from them or make believe world of living creatures in some planets. Then fables about Chanda Mama and the fables related by our grandmother about the kings and queens and other historical heroes of a nation or others who helped to change the thinking about different aspects of life.

We empty a glass of water in order to refill it and if there is anything which has spoilt its purity of the content, the whole water has to be thrown out. Similar is the case with the knowledge which is stale and obsolete and does not serve any purpose. Knowledge is continuous assimilation and in the process Knowledge has a vast connotation rather than mere collection  or computation of information.  When we construe that we have learned everything, then our learning trajectory becomes bleak.

During our childhood, we are fed with different versions about life, about births and deaths, about hell and heaven, about earth and planets, etc. It solely depends on the knowledge of the parents or more so the grandparents who feed us stories about the ghosts and phantoms to create a fear psychosis in the children to get things done from them or make believe world of living creatures in some planets. Then we all must have heard fables about CHANDA MAMA and the fables of grandmothers who relate old stories about the kings and queens and other historical heroes of a nation or others who helped to change the thinking about different aspects of life.

The conditioning that comes into force in our life during childhood remains indelible in our system. These conditioning may be partially right and partially wrong but during childhood everything is taken as a gospel truth because of lack of discernment. This aspect is compounded when children are surrounded by ignorant elders and other vest interests who do not want the innocent minds to have all round development / grow horizontally and vertically.

The main purpose of karma should be to follow a life of idealism with that the desire and fear and to bring in the dawn of pure freedom with unconditioned mind. A sum total of direct and indirect experiences which condition of mind have to be taken care of. Since illuminating part of the life has to be kept which may help to keep us away from any undue attachments and keep us glued with our mind related desires. It should be remembered that past supports only recreativity of the original creativity and original creativity is fresh and of use.

When we attain adulthood, we meet our peer groups, attend formal and informal institutions for our growth and development, we are constrained to unlearn or unburden ourselves of solid conditioning that happens during the childhood – almost everything that we have lean in the childhood.

After having put our foothold into formal educational institutions, we adopt different stream according to our intelligence thereby acquire the knowledge about 3R – reading, writing and arithmetic’s besides scrubbing off the childhood conditioning.

As far as knowledge, there is no end to it and with the onset of internet revolution, we have access to variety of knowledge with a click of our computer, mobile etc. We can clear our doubts just instantaneously, talk to experts in different fields and quench our thirst for knowledge. Besides, having gained knowledge on different subjects and having specialized ourselves in one subject, we choose our profession to which we are suited.

It is also a fact that KNOWLEDGE is seamless and no limitations or limits. It is so vast and varied. How best to attain knowledge depends on our capability and ambition to get and also what to get? It could be renewed or refreshed on daily basis.In other words it is a continuous process and when we say we learn knowledge from ‘cradle to grave yard’ there is no exaggeration in this saying.  .

We should adopt spiritual inclined way of thinking and acting. A life based purely on dharma and eliminate adharma from our thoughts and behavior. This could be done solely by eliminating the stale and useless thought percepts which afflict or those precepts with life-centred approach..

GURU GRANTH SAHIB JI describes that the focus of the Guru is on purifying the heart and becoming more Life-centred/Naam-centred and realising that the self is part of Life and supported by it, so there is no gain by being self-centred, to the exclusion of others.



Posted by on March 31, 2017 in Inner Thoughts





NAVRATRI – NAV means NINE and RATRI means NIGHTS. Prayers and fasting is observed by devout during these nine days. A lighter refreshments of milk made products besides fruits, if taken at all, to keep light and pure in body and mind thus helping an individual to keep the body and mind pure. This also provides the devotees freedom from adulteration and contamination both in body and mind besides purifying still more the eternal soul along with keeping it taint-free of any sort.

All these traits enhance the Karmic Credit and credibility of an individual devotee who observes the fasts and also offers sincere prayers during these days with utmost devotion. The fasts provides lightness to our body purifying our mind provides us an opportunity to devotees in our prayers to Goddess Durga Maa – an embodiment of SHAKTI or power.

Besides observing fasts, devotees organize congregations in the form of fairs and also enact programmes and cultural functions in the form of group dances and devotional songs in praise of Goddess Durga – who is having indomitable power which cannot be reached with ease.

Mention of Lordess Durga has been made in Vedas and Puranas. Durg was a ferocious demon and Durga, the invincible warrior who killed Durg. She is the warrior Goddess since she fought evil and forces which spread death and destruction. She works for demolishing peace and tranquility represented by demonic forces who want to establish their writ and establish the reign of prosperity and goodwill of general masses. She defeats mythical buffalo demon. She is Goddess Parvati also termed as Durga Saptashati – the consort of Lord Shiva. With her prowess, she proved herself to be unbeatable with limitless mystical powers.

For example famous ‘garva dance’ is organized in the state of Gujarat and devotional songs and dance competitions are organized in West Bengal besides prayers in the specially erected and decorated pandals is a usual pheno. People visit the famous temples of Vaishno Devi in Katra (in Jammu province) besides all the temples of Goddess Durga in its different forms / manifestations attract devotees in these nine days.

The main driving force of the Navratri is to purify our thoughts and deeds thereof. In these nine days devout observe strict fasts; remain chaste and desist from telling lies. Wish that people always behave like this all the days!

The first three days are celebrated on the name of Durga Mata – Goddess with immense power. For next three days she is worshipped as spiritual wealth – Mata Lakshmi.

Subsequently for next three days, she is Goddess of wisdom – the Goddess Saraswati. It bestows spiritual enlightenment besides showering an individual with all round success.

It is useful for our benefit to know the importance of each day.

1. First Day. On the first day, Mata Durga is termed as Shailputri – the daughter of Himalaya and the consort of Lord Shiva.

2. Second Day. Mata Durga on the second day is called as Brahmacharini which represents worship. She is the embodiment of huge reserve of power – Shakti.

3. Third Day. On the third day, the Goddess is venerated as Chandraghanta. She is the embodiment of power and beauty.

4. Fourth Day. On the fourth day, Maan Durga is worshipped in the form of Kushmanda – the creator of whole universe by the power of her laughter.

5. Fifth Day. Here on this day, Eskandha – the main warrior of Gods’ army.

6. Sixth Day. On the sixth day, Mataji takes the form of Katyayani with three eyes and four hands – all powerful and with immense grace.

7. Seventh Day. On this day, Maan Durga takes the form of Kalratri – she is shown as black as dark night with four hands and makes the evil doers fearless.

8. Eighth Day. On the eighth day, the Mata Durga takes the form of Maha Gauri – with beauty besides having calmness and exhibits immense wisdom.

9. Nineth Day. On the nineth day, Maan Durga is worshipped as Siddidatri – with all the eight sidhis. In this form, she is worshiped by all.

Benefits of Navratri:-

• Fasts keep our digestive system in fine and helps maintain our body healthy.

• It purifies our mind because we pray Goddess continuously for nine days/nights in the way it is done by Muslims in RAMZAN FASTING.

• Purification of body and mind means spiritually directed conscious mind thus a shift from negativity to positivity

• Congregations in melas etc help in people to people contacts thus animosity, if any, gets obliterated and a feeling of fellow feeling and cooperation sprout.

• Group dances and spiritual song competitions enhance competitive spirits in the youth and also help them direct their latent energies to productive use.

• Devotees, in their zeal to show earnest desire to have total connectivity with Goddess Durgaji, offer singular devotion to Her during these auspicious days, reap the harvest of answering their problems faced and get PEACE OF MIND in their lives as a reward of this worship.


Fact stands out India is a land rich in cultural mores
Here the festivals are galore
Commemorated on certain seasons or occasions
Amongst the venerated festivals in Hindu traditions
Navratri attracts all shades of people for celebrations
Celebrated two times in a year
March-April – as Chaitra Navratri,
October-November – as the Shradha Navratri.
Nav-ratri is the created from two Hindi expressions
‘Nav’ meaning nine
And ‘ratri’ meaning night
Related to Goddess Durga – the Warrior
Attired in mesmerizing dress in red colour
Mounted on the lion so ferocious
Navratri too is linked with fertility of land
Folks observe the fitness of earth
By testing seeds germination in pots earthen
Folks also observe fasting rigidly
And keep themselves chaste
In words and in deeds indeed.

Legends abound about Navratri.

Meheshsura the demon king worshipped Lord Shiva
Who grants him the boon of invincibility even from Gods
Starts killing people most innocent
And even acquired the Seven Lokas by force
Including the kingdom of Indira.
To annihilate the powerful Maheshsura
The Trinity & other Gods confabulated after all
For creating a power supreme for defeating the demon
Created Ma Shakti – Mother the most powerful one
Or Durga, the Warrior Goddess, the invincible.
The war between Maheshasur and Durga the Mother Divine
Lasted for days nine
On day tenth She killed the demon
Navratri hence symbolizes the victory of good over evil

On (9th day) Mahanavami nine young girls are worshiped
As Nine Forms of Durga Goddess
And gifted food and new dresses.

Another legend has it
King Daksha the King of Himalayan Kingdom
Was blessed with a daughter
He named her Uma – the most beautiful one
She worshipped Lord Shiva immeasurably
So that He accepts her in marriage easily
Having pleased Lord Shiva
Thus He marries Uma
Against the wishes of King Dhaksha
One day King Dhaksha held a grand Yagna
All Gods except Shiva were invited
Uma wanted to attend
Yagna with Lord Shiva’s reservation even
And against His wishes
King Daksha reprimanded her for coming uninvited
In huge anger she jumps into Agni Kund (Fire-grate) and perished
And was thus termed as Sati
Madev as Virbadhara took King Daksha task for this
On rebirth (as Parbati) she marries Lord Shiva again
She comes to Her parents to stay for Nine Days
And thus we celebrate these Nine Days as Navratri.

Another Legend also has it that Lord Rama
Worshipped Goddess Durga’s
Nine Forms for nine days
On day tenth He was able to kill powerful demon king Ravana
Thus day tenth is celebrated as Vijaydakshmi
First three days are dedicated to Goddess Durga
In the form of child; young girl and mature woman
The three varied stages of womanhood
Symbolizing victory of evil over evil and falsehood
Next three days are dedicated to Goddess of Wealth & Prosperity
Her name is Goddess Lakshmi
She symbolizes wealth; peace and prosperity
Last three days are commemorated in the name of Goddess Saraswati
The Goddess of knowledge
In snowy white dress
Mounted on a white swan, so splendid

Thus Navratri is the symbol of purity

Which makes people to donate thus proving their piety



Posted by on March 27, 2017 in Inner Thoughts