Lohri festival is celebrated in Northern Indian states. It is being celebrated on 13th January – in the month of Pauch or Magha, one day before Makar Sankranti. We term this festival as a community based festival where Bhangra (dance by men folks) and gidha (dance by women folks) to the beats of drums bring verve and gaiety to the celebration. Seasonal dry fruits like peanuts, jaggery eatables besides milk cakes are specially made and distributed amongst relatives and friends.

Following are some of the reasons for its celebration:-

  1. Season related. It marks the end of winter and beginning of harvest season. It infuses vitality and zeal in the lives of people – especially the farmers. It symbolizes prayer to fire (Agni puja) in the evening. People take a few parikarma (rounds) around the bonfire and shower offerings to fire. Special bounties are asked for the wellbeing and prosperity besides peace in the entire households. Newly wedded couples and newly born receive special attention on this festival.


  1. Legend. The legend of Dulla Bhatti (Rai Abdullah Khan) is very popular. It is a legend of a Rajput warrior who saved a damsel in distress BELONGING TO HINDU RELIGION from the clutches of lustful officials. The valiant Rajput adopted her as his own daughter and married her off to a young and suitable Hindu body. He also gave her presents – nine mounds of sugar etc on her marriage. This shows the community feeling during those days. If during those feeling for each others was rampant then why not now! A song is sung:

                Dhulla Bhatiwala hoi etc





India being a home to multicultural, multilingual and multi-religious society can pride itself in having different festivals. These festivals may be season based, traditional based, culture based, religious based or for that matter any other considerations. But the fervour and enthusiasm that accompanies with these festivals is second to none. It is here that a Hindu or enjoys Eid or Gurpurab or as a Muslim enjoys Diwali or all of them enjoy Christmas Day. That is the beauty. I do not dispute that hotheads are there in any strata of life who do not know either about their own religious festivals nor of others.  One thing which pleases us is the shine on the faces of every one while celebrating any festival! That is more alluring than anything else.

Makkar Sankranti is celebrated in the month of Paus (January) Makar Sankranti is the day when the Sun God starts enters the Northern Hemisphere. Hindus like Greeks worship Sun God – the giver of immense energy. Sun God is termed as the manifest God, having all the glorious divinity. It is worthwhile to mention here that Gayatri mantra, which is from Rig-Veda, was specifically made with dexterity is for offering our respect to Sun God. He is the bestows us intelligence and sagacity. It goes to show that Makkar Sankranti is associated with cosmic event which affects the life of humans immensely.

This festival is celebrated with gaity and fervor in all the parts of India with different names but the enthusiasm remains the same. Devout get up early in the morning, take bath in holy rivers and offer prayers in the temples. After having offered prayers, people give alms to the needy according to their capability. In the afternoon people share a special Kichri (

Hotchpotch) made of rice and black dall uridh.



Every festival is linked with some seasons

Or certain well known occasions.


Lohri a winter festivals of repute

Falls in the month of ( 13th Jan) Paush

Marks the end of winter season

And beginning of longer – a little hotter days ahead soon

For farmers it is one of the happiest occasions

They start harvesting rabi crops

Start of spring season is a Natural bounty

Adds additional spice to festivities.

(Rabi Crop: Wheat, Gram, Pea, Mustard, Linseed, Barley, Peas)


Traditionally on lohri day a bonfire is lit

People congregate around it

And reverently offer, Jaggery (gur), sesame seeds (til)

Sesame coated sugar candy and popcorn into leaping bonfire

The skyward leaping fire

Too shows that it is enjoying all acts of hers

Gathering partakes the sacred offering themselves too as (parsad) offering

Satiety writ large in everybody’s face.

Offerings too is made to ‘panj tatavas’ five elements

Fire, wind, water, ether and earth

Going around the bonfire with great reverence

And singing traditional songs with dance makes much difference.

And that too in tune with beating of drums!


Tradition has it that there was a very brave person of repute

Named Dulla Bhatti from lineage of warrior race the Rajputs

In the reign of Mughal king Akbar

He used to rescue poor girls from the clutches of robbers

And got them married to suitable boys

People sing Lohri songs with gust

And shower utmost whilst praising his bravery.


Thence other legend of the origin of Lohri

From the wife of Saint Kabir named ‘Loi’

Herself a lady so pious.



Lohri too is linked with Makar Sanranti

Which too is another winter festival very famous

Celebrated one day after Lohri celebrations

A day so fixed

14th January –  indeed very sacred

It marks the beginning of solar maagha masa

Makar Sankranti is start of harvest festival

And beginning of pleasant Spring Season

Celebrated in all parts of country.


It has its origin to the movement of the earth

Sun movement begins from (Sankranti) one zodiac sign

Into another – Capricorn zodiac (Makar) sign

Two movements  are termed as Makar Sakranti.


This day marks the beginning of warmer days

As the sacred months start from this day onwards

Makar Sankranti  is celebrated with great fervor

In western and northern India

There is a mention of this day in Mahabharata

As, it is the festival of Sun God

Who gives us light and heat

To living beings without bias

And bestows us divinity and wisdom,

Thus holding an eternal meaning.




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  1. Festivals are the medium for transmitting cultural traditions as these cultural traditions are interwoven with the emotions of all irrespective of religion, caste, region, creed or colour.or race.


  2. It is always interesting to learn a little about how other people live, what they like, and the contributions each culture lends to mankind throughout history. I think people tend to get so wrapped up in our own lives and customs, we take for granted that everyone else lives like we do. ‘We’ of course being whoever the culture in question is at the moment. 🙂

    Wouldn’t it be wonderful if the entire world, regardless of background and/or Nationality could get along without bias and grasp the eternal meaning of life in peace?

    1. We, as humans, have common affinity – a common bond and that is our CREATOR. Rest everything is/are created by us only according to our needs and aspirations suiting our conveniences. Festivals too are seasonal specific, religion based, dates of birth of Messengers of God – like Jesus Christ, Krishna, Prophet Mohammad, and others who changed the very thinking of the entire world with their fine blend of teachings. They never taught anything against others – which could be seen from the religious texts of all the religions.

      We, in our zeal to show ONEUPMANSHIP resort to such acts which take us away from the TRUTH. Cultures – every culture and traditions have lessons for us humans, if we care to take them and if we want to shut of eyes to the reality then we are in for differences. We even compartmentalize our CREATOR, which makes every right thinking people very disappointed.

      But one thing is sure, now that there are sagacious elements who with their positive approach will help change the mindset and we shall celebrate all the festivals with fervor and get enlightened.

      Your thought precepts are really wonderful and I pray to our LORD that these may fructify and this world of ours become a FAMILY where pain of others is felt when pain of our own.




    2. My respects to you for having such a positive thoughts. I pray to our LORD to inculcate such thoughts in all so that this world of ours becomes a very good place to live.

      1. I am a firm believer in the Golden Rule.

        Life is so short as it is, it is beyond me as to why people waste their time and/or their lives on the absurdities of war, greed, and the other destructive forces that seem to pollute the possibility for TRUE Peace worldwide.

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