GURU HAR KRISHAN JI
( HIS BIRTH DAY IS ON 23 JULY )
Akalpurakh is the most benevolent
He sends His messengers to this planet
Who make a huge difference by their acts of wisdom
And self sacrifice at the cost of lives of their own.
This messenger of God was born on 23 July 1656
To Sri Guru Har Rai & mother Sulakni ji
He was eighth of Ten Sikh Gurus Jis’
Succeeding his illustrious father Sri Guru Rai Ji
Surprisingly being only of five years!
The youngest amongst all the Guru Sahibans
Being gracious and soft at heart
Leaving his elder brother
Due to his collision with Mughal empire.
There was an incredible incident in Gurudwara
Near Ambala at Panjokhra
A Sanskrit learnt person challenged the Guruji
To explicitly explain the verses from Bhagwad Gita
Lo & behold, Guruji just pointed a stick at Gangu Jheevar
An illiterate with no literacy to bank on – a total blank
By speaking out sermons of Bhagwad Gita to the perfection.
Thence Guruji came to Delhi at Gurudwara Balaji
Where large populace came to have dharshan of Guruji
But as ill luck would have it
There was, in and around Delhi, smallpox epidemics
Guruji with his soft emotional feelings
Brimming with love for hapless populace
Took upon himself their ailment happily!
In the process became too weak to move
Refused taking any treatment for cure!
Called for five coins and a coconut for a purpose
Waved his hand three times in the air
And told that his successor be found in Bakala in Punjab
Thence he left his body at the age of seven!
He lived for others and left his mortal body for others
He advised his disciples/sangat
To respect the will of Almighty God
And praise Him and do not feel disappointed
At his untimely demise which was for hapless
Examples of which we find rare in the annals of history.
Gurudwara Bangla Sahib is built
Place of which was gifted by Raja of Rajesthan
After Sri Guruji, with his mystic power
Fulfilled Raja’s litmus test of recognizing
His queen amongst several ladies lining
Surprise of surprises, Guruji did this without even a moment losing
Where Guruji provided succor to epidemic strickens
And left for his ultimate journey
Though less in age as year count
Yet mature in sagacity
Bestowed by our Creator
May Guruji’s legacy continue inspiring us humans
Generations after generations.
GURU is a Sanskrit word meaning teacher or master or a preacher. One who is knower of religious gyan or the one who transmits wisdom to the disciples. Guru has two syllables: GU means shadows & RU who disperses. Taken together GURU is the one who removes darkness (shadow) by the light of knowledge. The Spiritual Guru or self realized master, who is powerhouse of spiritual knowledge and enlighten the people in general and make their lives sublime, meaningful besides connecting us to our Creator. In other words,the Guru is a saintly person who enlightens the disciples with knowledge absolute and changes our lives with the enlightenment.
In Sikhism, GURU is the source of knowledge – the Temporal Lord. Sikh Gurus are very important for the Sikh religion. Here there is a strong relationship between Shishya (disciple) or student and master. The central belief of Sikhism is ONE GOD besides TEN GURUS which have been given in GURU GRANTH SAHIB (Sikh Holy Book) .
The following are the Ten Gurus of Sikhs:-
- Guru Nanak Devji (1469-1539).
- Guru Angadji (1504-52).
- Guru Amardasji (1552-74).
- Guru Ramdasji ( 1574-81).
- Guru Arjan Devji (1581-1606).
- Guru Har Gobindji (1606-45)
- Guru Har Raiji (1630-61).
- Guru Har Krishanji (1661-64).
- Guru Teg Bahadurji (1675-1708).
- Guru Gobind Singhji (1675-1708).
Guru Har Krishan Ji was born on 23 July 1656 at Kiratpur Sahib. He was the second son of Guru Har Rai and mother Krishan Rai. The name of the first son being Ram Rai who was disinherited due to his anti-Guru Ghar activities. He was the Eighth Guru of ten Gurus of Sikhism. He was made eighth Sikh Guru on 20th October 1664 by his father Guru Har Raiji before his death. Harkrishan ji following the principles dear to his father Guru Har Raiji.
Pandit Lal Chand challenged Guruji for Gita’s philosophy. With Guruji’s blessings an illiterate person named Chhaju Ram expounded the philosophy of G ita with ease. Due to this miracle, Pandit Lal Chand got influenced and became a true sikh.
Guru Harkrishan was of tender age of only FIVE years when he attained Guruship which is obviously an achievement in spirituality which very few attained taking into consideration the human history.
The decision of Guru Har Rai made his elder son infuriated so much so that he complained to Emperior Aurangzeb about this decision. A message was consequently conveyed to the young Guru to meet him. In the first instant, Guruji was reluctant to meet the emperor but finally decided to meet him at Delhi. Emperor wanted to test the acumen and wisdom of Guruji. He had two large trays; in one some precious ornaments, clothes and toys were kept and in other holy man’s cloak and other things were kept. These two trays were presented to Guru Harkrishan for choosing one of these. He chose the latter thus proving his holiness.
While Guru Harkrishanji was staying at Delhi, (a Gurdwara named Bangla Sahib was built where he stayed serving common masses without bias) at that time there spread an epidemic of smallpox and cholera consequent to which there were many deaths. Guruji attended these epidemic stricken people thus exposing himself to these dreaded diseases. In this way, he served the mankind without any discrimination of caste and creed and without caring for his own life – that is rarest of rare selfless service found in the annals of history.
Guru Har Rai ji passed away on 20th October 1661 thereupon despondency engulfed amongst the disciples. But Guru Harkrishan consoled his disciples and advised them to abide by the wishes of the Almighty God. He also told his disciples to sigh the praises of God and not to weep or feel despair.
Guru Harkrishan exhorted his disciples to keep have virtue of patience. He had an extraordinary ability to explain from the passages of Granth Sahib. In this way, Guru Harkrishan kept the legacy of Gurus intact. So much so he was immersed in humanitarian task that he himself was seized with high fever which turned into an attack of smallpox which resulted him to be confined to bed for many days.
While serving the suffering people from the epidemic day and night, suddenly one day Guru Har Krishan, due to incessant assistance of the people suffering from epidemics of smallpox and cholera, he was taken ill with a fever. The fever turned out to be the beginning of an attack of smallpox symptoms, due to which he was perforce confined to bed for several days. The Guru’s tender body was deteriorated by the disease and thereafter Akalpurakh called him for fulfilling some other mission.