Baisakhi is one of the favorite festivals 

Of the inhabitants of North India and beyond

Seasonal based one

A festival so very popular

Amongst farmers and farm-laborers

The former ploughs his land

And the latter helps cut the crops

Whereas both feel on the Seventh Heaven

Because both feel extremely contented

After having collected the crop so produced

Putting in their best in all the situations

Be it storm or blizzard or dry spell which may sometimes happen

All want to celebrate this momentous occasion together

The men-folks perform traditional ‘Bhangra’ 

While women-folks present customary ‘Gidda’

To the tune of drums

Along with songs so melodious

The children in their best attire

Enjoy sweets in the Baisakhi fair

As a child in my village

I vividly remember each moment

Enjoyed on this much awaited day.

After having toiled in the fields for days together

From morning till the late evening

Sometimes forgetting to take their meals even

Put their efforts to the maximum

Tilling their land constantly

Sow seeds and water their crops for their bumper crops

Then they take care of their growing crops

Like a mother looks after her offspring

Gives the crops water and right dose of manure

To ensure the best yield that could be had

Then the ripe crop is harvested

Account his entire produce

Keeps some of his own need

And takes the other part of the marketplace for extra money

Having finished all his farming commitments

Joins in merrymaking with huge delight

What a sight is for the audience!

There is competition between various groups

The judges adjust the best teams

And distribute the prizes

Followed by the distribution of sweets along with good wishes.

It marks the ushering in of joyous New Year

Of  Vikrami Samvat  – Calendar

A lunar Calendar based on ancient Vedic timekeeping traditions

Coming on 13th April every year or else!

But this falls on 14th April

On this day people make new resolutions being the start of New Year

After having experienced the year passed

Then take into account the lessons so learned

As is the practice on first day of everything that starts.

This festival is known variously in various regions of the land

Baisakhi in Punjab, Polia Baishakh/Naba Barsha in West Bengal

Bohag Bihu in Assam, Puthandu in Tamil Nadu

Vishu in Kerala, Maha Vishauba Sankranti in Odisha

And then Vaishakha in Bihar

Though termed differently in different parts of India

Yet the spirit behind the celebration remains the same everywhere.

At the Holy Mazars (Monuments) of Pirs and fakirs

Known for their piousness and sea of wisdom

The devout offer Chadhars and offer prayers

For peace and prosperity for all

And wish that their crops may still be more the next season

There is a blanket of greenery all around

The fragrance of flowers really mesmerizes the environs

Soothing both the mind and the eyes of all and sundry

Everybody gets enchanted by the surcharged surroundings.

This day has a historical significance

Sri Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru

A most revered one

Who established Khalsa Panth on this day

To bestow security to the unfortunate ones

Devout gather in various Gurdwaras to offer prayers

Sri Golden Temple is specially decorated on this day

And emits its splendor of highest order

The devotees take a dip in the holy Sarovar

Then pray for their well-being of their nears and dears

My prayer to the Akalpurakh – our Creator

Pray bestow thou bountiful graces upon us all

Not merely on this most auspicious day

But also for all the days to come on this Mother Earth.


Festivals in India are celebrated due to some special reasons. Reason may be any but the spirit for its celebration remains prime one. It may be due to change in season, in the memory of certain historical events, cultural and religious events or celebrated to commemorate on the name of some renowned personage, traditionally based principles, fairs at the holy places of peers and saints etc. The well-known amongst several ones are Dussehra, Diwali, Eids, Christmas Day, Gurpurbhs, Lohri, Holi and others having regional and national connotations. In all these festivals, people of different hues celebrate with jovially and religious fervor.


It is celebrated with different names in various parts of India but fervor and enthusiasm remain the same. It is celebrated as Baisakhi in Punjab, Polia Baishakh/Naba Barshai in West Bengal, Bohag Bihu in Assam, Puthandu in Tamil Nadu, Vishu in Kerala, Maha Vishauba Sankranti in Odisha and Vaishakha in Bihar.


Baisakhi is generally celebrated in Northern India on 13th  April but this year it is being celebrated on 14th April 2019. It is also a starting of New Year of Vikrami Samvat Calendar.  It also is celebrated in other parts of India with other names.  This is a cultural harvest festival which takes place annually and all people celebrate this day with full enthusiasm. The farmers, after putting in their best in their fields get fruits of their labor when they reap a bumper crop which makes the lives of their kith and kin prosperous.

In the childhood, our classmate friends used to wait with huge eagerness for this Baisakhi fair for which we used to get extra money to spend for various sorts of eatables and fruits available in the fair. The Baisakhi was the meeting place for other relatives and friends.

People start from their houses in the form of the congregation from the early hours itself, singing group songs and dancing to the tunes of drums in colorful / holiday finery. A designated holy place of some Peer or Saint or Temple or Gurdwara is well chosen by the populace for this occasion.


Competitions of Gidda or folk dances by women in their colorful and attractive attire and Bhangra by the men-folks also in their best outfits are a major attraction. Besides wrestling bouts (dangal) by the famous wrestlers of the area are also organized. Prizes are distributed to the winners of these events. People get together and meet their friends. This fair affords the participants an opportunity to expand their friend’s circle too.


New meaning to this festival was given on 13th April 1699 when Khalsa Panth was established by Guru Gobind Singh – the 10th Guru of Sikhs at Anandpur Sahib – a place most venerated by one and all. Khalsa means PURE without any negativity and leading a perfect life besides having the courage to lay down their lives for a noble cause.

The festival holds special significance to Sikhs. Many Sikhs choose to be baptized on the holy day of Baisakhi. People also come out from their houses in huge congregations called Nagar Kirtans singing hymns from Sri Guru Granth Sahib. What a day to remember – this Baisakhi festival! 

 BAISAKHI is celebrated due to the following reasons:- 

It is celebrated on the occasion of 1stday of Baisakh month of Bikrami Calendar (Samat). People chalk out the different plan of actions for the coming year as per Bikrami Calendar and pray that their sincere thought out plans get fructified.

BAISAKHI is a seasonal festival and it is especially celebrated in Punjab region and in Jammu province; especially after finishing the activities related to crops wheat harvesting and selling their produce in the marketplace giving the people cause to celebrate with gusto.

After harvesting the wheat crop and plowing their fields for sowing new crops including some cash crops, the farmers feel joyous and to express their joy they celebrate it by staging Bhangra in different groups, Bhangra competitions have also held an award presented to the one who wins this competition.


This is in the form of the fair (mela) wherein people gather in the majority and make merry. Different stalls selling wooden crafts and other household earthen-wares are sold there at reasonable prices. Then there are the stalls selling the seasonal fruits like watermelon and muskmelon make brisk sales. All age group people including children enjoy Baisakhi fair.

Baisakhi also affords an opportunity or an occasion to thank God for bestowing the farmers with bountiful crops besides praying for more crops in future too.


Baisakhi has special significance for the Sikhs since on this day, Khalsa Panth was established by 10th Sikh Guru Gobind Singh Ji in 1699. On this day Sadh Sangat takes organize religious congregations and sing prayers and rhymes from Sri Granth Sahib. It is relevant to know about the 10th Guru. He is true messenger of God, a warrior par excellence, most merciful, a poet and a philosopher and wanted to spread purity (Khalsa) amongst the community (Panth Khalsa – the Order of Pure ones). Before his death in 1708, he declared the GURU GRANTH SAHIB JI as the eternal GURU OF THE SIKHS.

Hindus and Buddhists too celebrate Baisakhi with zeal and enthusiasm. Hindus take the sacred bath in River Ganges and other rivers. They pray to God for His grace. Even in parts of South India this day is celebrated but with a different name.

As this is a seasonal festival connected with the harvesting of crops, it is in fact celebrated in all regions and by all people and has special significance for farmers and laborers besides the children who enjoy sweets in the baisakhi fair.

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  1. THE BAISAKHI festival is being celebrated on 14th APRIL 2019. It is a seasonal festival with difference wherein farmers in their best attires celebrate this festival. There are competition in folk-dance (Bhangra) by men and GIDDA by the women.

    All feel enthusiastic in celebrating this festival.


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