The word Yoga

originates from the Sanskrit word Yuja

meaning to bind or to unite or align

all the organs

of our body to work as a cohesive unit

For ensuring integration

of body, mind and soul

for ensuring holistic growth

by regulation of breathing exercises

with emphasis on focused attention

to get maximum benefits

with different Yogic postures.

and instills discipline in the Yogi

along with enhancing our concentration

through focused attention

thereby controlling the function

of our body and mind

along with ensuring

the control over our emotions

which helps in self-realization

by knowing our innate potentials

regulated breathing

ensures sound metabolic process of our body

for a sound circulation in our veins

for our good health and wellbeing.

Thence we have Karma Yoga

meaning performing our functions or duties

with utmost sincerity

with no attachment of any type

with the result of our action or Karmic deeds

thus following spiritually orientation

and ensure enhancement of our Karmic credit account

and realise the purpose of our life

of connectivity with Almighty God

and ensure merger

of soul with Super Soul.

The word YOGA has originated from the Sanskrit word ‘yuja’ meaning to integrate or bind or to align to unite to act or to discipline oneself to act in a natural way to seek complete self-realization or self-awareness. It means the unity or integration  of an individual’s consciousness with that of Universal Consciousness.

The origin of Yoga is mystic. by 5th Century BC, Yoga was very popular. It is also believed that Sant Patanjali was the father of modern Yoga. It also finds its place in Vedic Scriptures. But it cannot be disputed that Lord Shiva was the father of ancient Yoga; as His posture shows Him in Yogic mode.

The ancient rishis believed that our body, mind and the soul have to join together or integrate with the environment in which a person is living. For this to happen meaningfully, it is essential that an individual’s emotions, thinking, actions and intelligence have to be work cohesively in order to realize the purpose of our life. For integration of the three (body, mind and soul) with environment in which a Yogi is living, various well-coordinated exercises with regular breathing, experienced over a period of time for their applicability; besides meditation are undertaken ultimately for deriving maximum benefits.  For deriving optimum benefit from the Yogic exercises, discipline in the conduct of various exercises, coordination with the various parts of the body especially control of mind and mind cohesiveness is of optimum importance. The Yogis who are disciplines in conduct of Yogic postures with focused attention will get maximum benefits. Yoga exercises also help a Yogi in focused meditation and other daily functions as a disciplined Yogi and lead a spiritual oriented lifestyle to realize the purpose of life – to establish  connectivity with Almighty God.


SOUND BODY. It is understood that our body works as a entire unit, integrating the task of various organs,  for carrying out different functions and if it is hale and hearty and possessing energy and synergy, we can transact more functions with our body. For this to happen, we’ve to have balanced diet besides proper exercises or Yoga exercises to keep it hale and hearty. It is also in sync with the saying: sound mind dwells in sound body.

SOUND MIND. We have to control our mind so that the senses (sense of sight, sense of touch, sense of smell, sense of taste and sense of hearing) which it possess coordinate all the functions of our body eloquently and works in sync with the requirement of a Yogi. Wavering of senses from one object to another just makes our task of focusing more difficult. That is why we have to mind our mind if we want to have complete benefit from Yoga exercises. This is easier said than done  since we have to take the assistance of all the organs of our body including internal resolve along with making the environment conducive, so as to make the Yogic exercise a fruitful exercise.

SOUL/SPIRIT. The soul is self which lives in the body and does its functions through it. When there is no soul in our body our body becomes lifeless and becomes a purposeless for any functions. It is just like a rudderless boat floating aimlessly in the vast ocean without destination. Or it is like a bulb without electricity to give energy to give light to us. Hence, we are living, having emotions and perceiving things intelligently or our mind is functional because we’ve got a soul which gives our body life. A soulless body is a lifeless body. When body and mind are in fine fettle then our soul too functions accordingly. It is also well said that our soul or spirit is not apart from the Super Soul (Parm Atama) who is the creator, evolution/preserver and destroyer for reproduction.


Breathing in O2 (Oxygen) and breathing out CO2 (Carbon Dioxide) is one of the most important requirements of our body and if it is closely regimented and systematically done then it proves to be divinely provided sustenance to our body and Yoga bestows us opportunity to enhance breathing methodically which could be proved scientifically. When breathing control is ensured meticulously then we proceed with the next step focused meditation or prayer. While doing so, our mind’s quietness or stillness state is termed as passive activism.


In Chapter two of Bhagwad Gita, it has been very emphatically mentioned that our responsibility is only to perform our prescribed duty, but we never are entitled to its fruits. It is because our results would be in our favour if there is sincerity in our actions. We should not be motivated by results of our thoughts and actions but we should not be overly attached to the results of our actions. For performing our duty, we should remain balanced minded both in success and failure – no heightened emotions at all. Such a calm temperament and our expertness in performing our task is called YOGA.

Only detached actions (selfless actions) and performing that action with best of our capability will make our pursuit purposeful and meaningful in the long run. We can choose the various duties but it is not in our hands to choose results as we desire. But practically, it has been found that if our pursuit of action is sincere and done with cool temperament then result cannot be disappointing. In this state of mind, even if the results are not good, we shall not be disappointed.The Yogic exercises or Asnas done persistently makes it possible to regulate our breathing thus making it possible to improve the entire metabolic system of our body; in that blood circulation, abdominal organs function perfectly besides keeping all the organs of the body function wonderfully well because every limb of body is benefited with the regulated exercises. When our body is functionally healthy then we can perform various tasks cohesively.


Karma Yoga is relation to our action that we transact. Before any action is undertaken, it has to be based on some sound thought. The thoughts for action ought to be positive in nature besides being selfless and detachment from the fruits of that action. Karma Yoga has been amply mentioned in Bhagwad Gita stresses that we should transact our actions and detach from the fruits of those actions. Meaning when our actions are based on sound and rational thoughts then their results will have to be good.  Also by detaching ourselves from the fruits, we’re able to concentrate/focus on out actions besides offering those actions to God rather than frittering our energies by attaching ourselves with result of our action.



In this branch of Yoga, the Yogis use physical pose or asana with proper breathing exercises or pranayama and subsequent meditation in a focused manner for ensuring good health besides ensuring our spiritual forward march.


Bhakti word originated from Sanskrit word Bhaja meaning to contemplate, pray, love, worship etc. Here a Yoga meditate persistently thus integrates heart and body functions wherein body, mind and soul just combine for integrating with Super Soul. Yoga of Bhakti makes us aware of ONE DIVINE by undivided concentration and thus helps us see ONE DIVINE in everyone and everything. While  Karma-yoga becomes Bhakti-yoga,  it is done with God consciousness.

Raja means associated with royalty. In other words, it is KING OF YOGA. It is based on teachings of the EIGHT LIMBS OF Yoga which is based on YOGA SUTRAS. In this, A Yogi considers self as a central to all and thus considers animate and inanimate the same – no difference in living and non-living things.  If you wish to learn discipline, then Raja Yoga would perfectly suit that need.


Jnana Yoga is related with the mind and therefore its focus is on intelligence of a person. Here Yogis lay more emphasis on wisdom and intellect and try integrate the two so that it works for the self optimally. Also Jnana Yogis are after knowledge, they acquire the knowledge from any source or religions because they work on the principle that knowledge could be gleaned from any sources – religions and philosophies. It is universal in nature. Jnana Yoga proponents are rational in their approach for getting knowledge and thus believe that in order to get connectivity with a SINGLE ONE any path or any religion could be followed. Religion or caste or creed is not limiting factor in acquiring knowledge.


Tantra yoga deals with head and heart. While pursuing tantra yoga one has to have the quality of  purity of mind, devotion, humility, love etc. Here some rituals are observed for obtaining benefit for the body, mind and spirit.

There are still a lot of misconceptions about yoga, for instance, yoga being a religion. Yoga is not a religion. It is more of a set of techniques for us to find spirituality. In fact, yoga is being practiced by a lot of people from different religions and benefiting from doing this.

Another misconception is that yoga is merely  an exercise, a way for us to keep fit. It is partly true, but if you think that yoga is just that then you are greatly mistaken. Yoga develops the body since a weak one is a hindrance to spiritual growth. It does not simply focus on the physical but on the mental and spiritual aspects as well


Ban Ki-moon has rightly said:

“Yoga does not discriminate…all people can practise, regardless of their relative strength, age or ability.”

  • Yoga instills discipline in the Yogi.
  • Yoga is a scientific method which unites soul with the Super Soul (God) – we rise above delusion and reunite with our Creator.
  • It enhances our concentration through focus on the omniscient spiritual eye (between the two eyebrows) thereby memory.
  • It controls our stress and strain thus we can function perfectly since we learn how to keep our mind under control besides controlling our emotions which keep us adversely affected.
  • As in Yoga, we give more credence to ‘self’, we can thereby can attain self realization first and subsequently God-realization.
  • Breathing control ensures sound metabolic process of our body thus we have proper circulation of blood besides all the internal organs like heart, liver, lungs including all abdominal organs of our body function in fine fettle because of this regulated breathing and exercises.
  • Meditation in rigorous and with focused manner ensures that we move forward spiritually with a view to connect with our Lord/Creator in a disciplined way. It should always be remembered that systematic meditation makes a true Yogi.
  • Yoga helps us in facing challenges of life boldly and with equanimity.
  • Yoga helps us to imbibe the trait of love and acceptance for everything and everybody.
  • Yogic exercises through various postures enhances our self control thus self confidence because of opening the door of intuitive consciousness – sixth sense which makes it possible to anticipate the coming events!
  • While stress is on self (as is done in Raja Yoga), it enhances the Yogi’s self esteem and self control besides enhancing self reliance in everything a Yogi ventures.

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16 thoughts on “YOGA & ITS BENEFITS”

  1. On 21st June 2019 is the INTERNATIONAL YOGA DAY; please appraise the write-up and offer your kind comments.



  2. A most informative treatise. I have never tried yoga, but much of what you say is true of the meditative qualities of long distance running – without the damage to the joints 🙂

    1. Derrick sir thanks a lot for your invaluable comments.

      Yoga, if done regularly can rid us most of diseases and enhances our concentration thereby knowledge.


  3. Good morning, my dear spiritual friend across the oceans. On Wednesday I finally finished editing the manuscript after one month of steady work and cloistering myself for six days straight in my apartment to toil for almost 15 hours per day. It’s done! I already submitted an application to the US Copyright Office and I am communicating with a company that acts a s a broker between writers and literary agents. Tomorrow I will go to a Kinko’s office and print four copies of the manuscript ( one for you, two for my children and one for moi) Once the copies are ready, i will FedeX yours to your home address or wherever you would rather prefer. Please send me that street address in Delhi, including the necessary zip code, to:
    Please take your time to read it, make the necessary notations and start thinking about your Introduction.
    I will properly read and comment his interesting article on Yoga over the week-end. A big hug. Arrivederci.

    1. Dr. Sahib my congratulations for completing the work related to your book – hard work always pay dividends.

      It would be my privilege and pleasure to go through your book.

      With warm hugs and regards


      1. Please also include a reliable contact telephone number, just in case the FedEx office needs to contact you. Thanks again.

  4. Wow! I just read a whole new level about Yoga! I just knew Yoga and a few poses but this opened up a lot I didn’t know about Yoga. Thanks for sharing this wealth of knowledge, Harbans!

    1. My grateful thanks for your invaluable comments.

      Yoga does not only means some postures but also what we transact with focused attention for higher objective. Purpose is to rein in mind for realizing the purpose of our life.

  5. Good morning and thank you for this great article, my dear spiritual friend across the oceans. There are thousands of articles about Yoga but hardly one that explains so clearly the origins of this precious practice that originated in India in Ancient Times. Thank you for taking the time to translate the words from Sanskrit and develop a sound explanation of the guidelines. As you well point out, Yoga is not a religion and people from different faiths practice it daily without any contradiction with their religious beliefs. This set of techniques will progressively align our bodily functions in order to assure the holistic integration of body, mind and soul, with disregard to your age and physical status. On the contrary, you must engage in it to start reverting the degenerative processes that will eventually affect your sense of well-being. Last but not least, this practice will help us rise above the delusion (and charlatanism, may I add) to reunite with our Creator.
    A big hug. Arrivederci!

    1. Good morning Dr. Sahib.

      Your commentary is one of the best one about YOGA. I think all the good things written in any religious texts does not belong to a single religion but becomes a universal one since it encompasses everything that is worldly.

      I always cherish your commentary. Now I have penned down an article on PARENTAL CARE for our children. Kindly go through the same; I always get inspiration from your comments.



      1. Good afternoon and thanks. I will read and review that article as soon as I can. Please read and comment the article I put up today. Thanks. A big hug. Arrivederci!

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