DHARMA AND DUTY
Dharma is holistic concept
Looking into all the responsibilities
Which we transact righteously
Encompassing the entire course of our existence
Including all abiding canvas of our entire life
By following spiritual path
It includes duties which is personal at micro level
Duty is integral component of Dharma
Adopting all ethical and moral standpoints attached to it all
Dharma is the divine charter of life
we are all associated
It is the perfect commitment of our existence
Dharma is intrinsic in nature
personal at micro plane.
Duty is performance of our duties
Being an integral part of Dharma
By surrendering completely to the will of the God
Thus living a spiritual oriented life through out
In performance of our duties
There is no need of applying ethical and moralistic standpoints
Duty is to perform job assigned
Which can change from time to time
Depending on the situations and conditions
Since it has external connotations.
Dharma means performing right karmic deeds/duty and practices by following righteous path. The best Dharma is surrender to the will of God. Dharma is a holistic concept, encompassing the entire course of our life and existence. It is all inclusive, broadest, all abiding duties which we transact in the canvas of our life. Dharma includes duty which is individualistic at micro level. Duty is an integral component of Dharma, the divine charter of life to which we are all associated. In other words, Dharma is our pristine commitment to life and humanity.
Duty could be described as performance of responsibilities related to external life’s activities. The duties and responsibilities keep on changing according to the change in situation and condition. For instance, Arjuna was the disciple of Droacharya, then it was his duty to respect and obey his orders thus learn the lessons for the attainment of knowledge. On the other hand, when in the battlefield, he had to fight his own Guru. Duty could change but Dharma is all encompassing and unchanging besides Dharma is living in realization that truth is all encompassing and all the external realities are illusions.
Dharma is performance of our sense of righteousness and duty stands for performance of our job/work with a sense of responsibility here ethics and morality may not be associated.
Dharma is the performance of particular action resulting in positive nourishment of the soul. Even the smallest of action has its own dharma which goes for all life form and also for non-life forms. Duty is an action which we all are expected to perform as a routine. It may or may not be according to the principles of Dharma.
Dharma has spiritual connotation in which a person is expected to perform his sacred duty taking into account the ethical and moral aspects too. In Dharma, it is our sacred duty to remain honest and sincere besides righteous/truthful in words and deeds. On the other hand, in duties we do not have set boundaries.
Bhagwad Gita refers Dharma as a sacred duty in order to ensure spiritual growth and development in progressively deeper ways. It is a total devotion based on our intelligent decisions in the performance of our duty not an ordinary piety which an individual could follow in life while rendering our service to God while maintaining close relationship with Him; to surrender to Him and bestow a complete devotion, for our spiritual growth thus enrich the eternal Soul.
Importantly, the battle of Kurukshtra was fought in the ‘dharma-Kshetra’ since Pandava were doing their sacred duty to eliminate their evil opponents Kauravas. When Lord Krishna told Arjuna was it was his dharma or sacred duty to fight in the battle of Kurukshtra, at first, he was wary as he could not comprehend how fighting could be termed as Dharma. He considered killing as adharma as he would be fighting his own kiths and kins including his Gurus. O Janardana, that those men who devastate family dharmas have their residence fixed in hell.
While discussing the role of Dharma with mother Devki and father Vasudeva after having killed Kamsa (who personified evil), Deviki reminded Krishna to perform his sacred duty of performing the last rites of his brother Kamsa which he readily agreed. Here rules of Dharma takes into consideration the ethics, social order and tradition including religious rites.
• The real purpose of Dharma is to understand eternal soul and its relationship with our God; while practicing Dharma.
• Lord Krishna mention Dharma as the personal duty of a Bhakta.
• If we are not able to perform our duty as assigned to us then we are not able to perform our personal dharma – then we shall be earning Kukarma of Adharma.
• By letting evil to flourish, we are actually giving fillip to adharma forces. Krishan tells Arjuna to fight evil personified by Kaurava which is his personal duty and dharma in real sense of term. Otherwise he would be doing a sinful karma.
• Lord Krishna mentions Dharma as the ordinary religion and moral practices or spiritual duties which an individual performs.
Having explained the soul as different from the material body, Lord Krishna now states that what He has just taught Arjuna is “real intelligence or understanding”(buddhi), and that He has taught it “in a philosophical sense” (sankhye).
One’s Own Duties
• An individual should perform his duties born of his nature.
• Krishna also mentions that it is better to perform his duties imperfectly rather than doing some others duties perfectly. This is also termed as destruction of one’s Dharma. It leads to dangers.
• When the occurrence of adharma happens God incarnates to kill evil-doers (duskrit) and to re-establish the prevalence of dharma in real sense of terms and ensure progress, prestige and power of society according to the will of God.
• Lord Krishna advises Arjuna “And I am the strength of the strong, devoid of lust and attachment.”
Dharma and Spiritual knowledge
Lord Krishna mentions that if we follow the lives of Dharma, we are doing everything based on the principles which are in sync with ethical and moral standpoints – free of envy or any other negativity, the supreme purifier, full of piety, the confidential knowledge (following a life of truth, empathy and fairplay) with realized discernment besides free from inauspiciousness. This knowledge is conducive to dharma. These principles are easier to perform and understand since it is based on pure devotional in nature. This dharma is very easy to perform, purifies of soul besides enlightening it) which helps us in live in total bliss and peace.
• Those who possess faith, consider God as the Supreme one are dear to our God. They follow eternal dharma.
• Lord Krishna mentions three times of Dharma in the final chapter of Bhagwad Gita.
First being reaffirmation of all the principles of Dharma – performance of his own dharma rather than other’s dharma. “It is better to engage in one’s own occupation, even though one may perform it imperfectly, than to accept another’s occupation and perform it perfectly.”
Secondly, we should always surrender to the will of God above the entire range of sacred duties generally known as dharma.
Thirdly, we should always surrender to God who will deliver of all sins. It is the highest duty of the soul and hence the supreme dharma. All other dharmas are the preliminary duties leading to spiritual understanding for Krishna Conscious