It is in our own interest To take care our heart To reduce the risk of heart attacks Essentially, we’ve to make lifestyle changes So as to reduce the risk of heart diseases And to eliminate the stroke chances It should start by changing Our way of living Through self-management carefully To take diet control which keeps us healthy With less of salt, sugar, fast foods & contents so fatty While watching our gain in weight To avoid cholesterol and diabetes in our body With no smoking, drinking or intake of drugs Which impair the function of our system Today we’ve to undertake to eat nutritious diet With more reliance on active lifestyle With more exercises routinely With less ways of life so sedentary And what not to be eaten on daily basis Which is in sync with our system So that heart functions to its perfection With perfect blood pressure bereft of hypertension By imbibing all those positive traits Which keep us away from stress related ailments By keeping conducive environmenst At home and at workplaces.
Today is the WORLD HEART DAY, we’ve to take care our daily lifestyle so as to avoid heart related diseases/ We can control heart related diseases by taking care of what we eat and what not to eat including avoid taking fatty food with less salt, sugar, fats, fast foods besides avoiding all those food and other eatables which do not agree with our system.
It is also essential that we do not smoke, drinks, take drugs and other intoxicants which become cause of heart and lung related diseases.
Then we’ve to adopt patience, positive
attitude, tolerance and other positive traits in our lives so that we do not
fall prey to diseases blood pressure, hypertension and other stress related
ailments. For this to be reality, we have to change our way of living at our
homes and at our workplaces. Actually, we have to work with level-headedness,
giving more credence to adopting all those traits which help us keep cool
Therefore, it is in the fitness to things
to deduce that we’ve to adopt positive attitude despite dissensions or differences,
control dietary control including avoiding all those bad habits like smoking,
drinking, taking drugs, eating fatty foods, fast foods etc.
NAVRATRI – A NINE
DAYS’ SPIRITUAL WONDER
FROM 29TH SEPTEMBER 2019 ONWARDS
NAVRATRI – A NINE DAYS’ SPIRITUAL WONDER
Let these Nine Days wonder Be for us, the huge game-changer And engender peace and prosperity With sufficiency in Wellness for all and sundry This is the most sincerest prayer to Thee O My Mother Divine! The most compassionate ONE. Nav means lasting for days nine Ratri stands for night. Navratri is the festival of repute so very well-known Wherein the devotees with so much devotion Worship the Great Deity – the Devi Bhagwati Devotees all hues celebrate Navratri Which is celebrated twice in a calendar year First, it is in the March – April, as Chaitra Navratri Thence September – November as the Shradha Navratri This time from 29th September 2019 onwards for days nine This festival has Durga Maa connect The embodiment of power ‘Shakti’ Who eliminates the demons the heartless ones Demons who kill the hapless (Sadhus) hermits Even while performing their sacred Yajunas- rituals They thoughtlessly defile the sacredness of Yajna fires By throwing besmirching agents Like flesh and filth of all kinds. Goddess Durga in her red attires Mounted on the lion so ferocious With all the weapons of destruction In her possession To award punishment to the devils so unkind. Legends abound about Navratri Demon king Maheshasura worshiped Lord Shiva The penance went on for a long period By which Lord Shiva granted him the boon As Lord Shiva has the trait of getting pleased very soon With the sincerest Bhakti of the Bhakta With simplest items like vel patra etc Shiva was constrained to grant Maheshasura a boon of invincibility That nobody, not even the Gods and thus have immortality Thence thereafter he started killing innocents without fear of death As he was having a boon of the Lord of all Lords Then this demon with his brutal prowess Conquered the Seven World – Lokas Including the renowned throne of Indra The king of Heaven (Svarga) & Gods – Devas Termed as the God of Heavens Responsible for war, storms and rains. Then there was discussion between the Trinity Along with others Gods too in their company To defeat and kill this demon turned killer and usurper Created Maa Shakti with their combined effort The benevolent Mother for those who are kind to others And killer to the brutes with a boundless powers The Durga, the Warrior Goddess They contributed differently in bestowing her with traits so rare. The war between Maheshasur and Mother Divine Which lasted for Nine Days On 9th day She killed this wicket demon – Maheshsura. Navratri symbolizes the victory of good over wickedness On day NINTH which is termed as Mahanavami Nine young girls are worshipped by the devotees These venerated young girls’ feet are ritually washed With fresh water and given clothes and food to eat The sacred earthen pot (Kalsh) full of water is established Covered with mango leaves and a coconut At the place where we offer our prayers/meditate On each of the nine days fasting is observed Wherein devotees take fruits and milk products To maintain purity of body and mind Thus ensure purity of soul. Personifying and signifying Nine Forms of Durga Goddesses Navratri too is linked with fertility of land On these days, the fold observe the fitness of the earth By testing seed germination in the earthen pots Devotees observe the fast for nine with rigidity Keeping oneself chaste in thoughts and actions During these days considered most holy Which keep their mind and body full of purity. There is another legend attached King Daksha – the kind of Himalayan Kingdom Was blessed with a daughter named Uma A most beautiful one With all the traits of a princess she possessed She worshiped Lord Shiva most reverently So that He may accept her in marriage so willingly Having pleased Lord Shiva She married Uma But against the wishes of King Dhaksha. One day King Dhaksha held a grant Yagna With no invitation to Lord Shiva Uma wanted to join the Yagna And all accompanying celebrations While Lord Shiva had his own reservations She came to attend the Yagna Being attended by Lord Brahma and Lord Vishnu The Lords of Creation and Evolution Besides all the deities were in the list of invitation King Dhaksha did not like her daughter’s presence She felt slighted at the treatment Meted out to her in presence of all deities In utter anger so severest She jumps into Agni Kund (Fire grate) and thus got perished A plausible reason why we call her Sati also Lord Mahadeva (As Virbadhara) punished King Dhaksha for this injustice meted out. ON REBIRTH (As Parvati) she marries Lord Shiva again She comes to her parents’ house to stay for NINE DAYS That is why we celebrate these Nine Days as Navratri. Legend also it that Lord Rama Worshiped Goddess Durega’s Nine Forms For Nine Days with deep reverence On day 10th Lord Rama could kill demon king Ravana This way, 10th day is celebrated as Vijaydashami. First three days are dedicated to Goddess Durga In the form of child, young girl and mature woman Representing three forms of womanhood Symbolizing victory of evil over falsehood Next three are dedicated to Goddess of Wealth and Prosperity Her name is Goddess Lakshimi Last three days are commemorated in the name of Goddess Saraswati The Goddess of knowledge and wisdom which we acquire thru Bhakti She is in dress, white snowy Mounted on a white swan The Navratri is a sign of purity in all its manifestation Let these Nine Days be observed with great admiration For gaining blessings from Goddess Durga.
MEANING OF NAVRATRI
word NAVRATRI is made up of two syllables; NAVwhich means NINE and RATRI mean
NIGHTS. Meditation/prayers and fasting are observed by devout during these nine
days. A lighter refreshment of milk made products besides fruits, if taken at
all, to keep light and pure in body and mind thus helping an individual to keep
the body and mind pure. This also provides the devotees’ freedom from
adulteration and contamination both in body and mind besides purifying still
more the eternal soul along with keeping it taint-free.
is one of the most sacred festivals that the devout celebrate. It is not merely
celebrated by observing some particular rituals but the devotees live a
spiritually oriented life in all manifestations. The purpose is to follow the
way of life which puts more stress on the subjective experience of sacred
dimension. We undertake those karmic deeds during Navratri which transform some
of the debit-karmic-deeds to credit-karmic-deeds which helps in personal growth
and development individually and also collectively who celebrate it with
religious fervor and enthusiasm. Moral and ethical values when followed
sincerely could be imbibed as permanent habits to be followed in future too
thus Navratri could prove to be a life-changer.
lighter refreshment consisting of milk made product, fruits, and nuts, keeps
the body light and the digestive system gets improved thus there is a spread of
fragrance of Satoguna and alleviation of Tamoguna and Rajoguna traits. Freedom
from contaminated thoughts purifies our mind. Thus observance of fast or vrat
(also means resolve) continuously for nine days brings about the stability of
our mind and helps in enhancement of our concentration. Besides these, we
exercise maximum restraints in our thoughts and deeds and behave in a dignified
manner by remaining within confines of decency. All these facilitate generation
of the feeling of love and affection for others, enhances peace and
tranquility, a feeling of compassion for others and above all a Godly feeling.
devotees observe strict fasts during the duration of Narratri. All these traits
enhance the credibility of an individual devotee who observes the fasts and
also offers sincere prayers during these days with utmost devotion. The
fasts help us to purify our mind, provides lightness to our body provides us an
opportunity to devotees for prayers to Goddess Durga Maa – an embodiment of
SHAKTI or reservoir of energy.
OF GODDESS DURGA
of Goddess Durga has been found in Vedas and Puranas. Durg was a ferocious
demon and Durga, the invincible warrior who killed Durg with her immense
prowess. She is the warrior Goddess since she fought evil and forces which
spread death and destruction. She works for demolishing demonic forces who want
to establish their writ and establish the reign of terror and mayhem amongst
the society besides spreading prosperity and goodwill in general masses. She
defeats mythical buffalo demon – Meheshasura who had obtained a boon of
invincibility from Lord Maheshwara. She is Goddess Parvati, also termed as
Durga Saptashati – the consort of Lord Shiva. With her prowess, she proved
herself to be unbeatable with limitless mystical powers.
observing fasts, devotees organize congregations in the form of fairs and also
enact programs and cultural functions in the form of group dances and
devotional songs in praise of Goddess Durga and beseech her blessings and she
being such a benevolent Mother comes to their succor.
DAYS WONDER – THE NAVRATRI
Day. On the first day, Mata Durga is termed as Shailputri – the daughter of
Himalaya and the consort of Lord Shiva.
Day. Mata Durga on the second day is called as Brahmacharini which represents
worship. She is the embodiment of huge reserve of power – Shakti.
Day. On the third day, the Goddess is venerated as Chandraghanta. She is the
embodiment of power and beauty.
Day. On the fourth day, Maan Durga is worshipped in the form of Kushmanda – the
creator of the whole universe by the power of her laughter.
Day. Here on this day, Skandha – the main warrior of Gods’ army.
Day. On the sixth day, Mataji takes the form of Katyayani with three eyes and
four hands – all powerful and with immense grace.
Day. On this day, Maan Durga takes the form of Kalratri – she is shown as black
as dark night with four hands and makes the evil doers fearless.
Day. On the eighth day, the Mata Durga takes the form of Maha Gauri – with
beauty besides having calmness and exhibits immense wisdom.
Day. On a ninth day, Maan Durga is worshipped as Siddidatri – with all the
eight siddhis. In this form, she is worshiped by all.
festivals provide the devotees different lessons while the underlying message
of all these festivals is to enlighten us humans to follow a path which helps
us to have connectivity with Higher Self/Higher Intelligence, by following a
spiritual oriented path through meditation, contemplation and prayers. The main
purpose of celebration and observance of certain modes of behavior in such
festivals is to keep ourselves chaste with our mind focused on God. The purpose
is to focus on the special prayers and chants is to seek connectivity with God
and dispel the thought of anxiety or disillusionment that pervades in our
system. As there is purity of thoughts and actions during these festivals,
there is every possibility for transformation and help in unfolding of
spiritual life naturally.
OF NAVRATRI CELEBRATION
main purpose of celebrating the religious festivals is to seek balance in our
life at the altar of God while observing all immutable laws of nature and
aspire for transformation and enlightenment – journeying from one festival to
another one helps the devotees to learn social etiquettes, social adaptability
and finally God’s connectivity.
states celebrate Navratri differently but the spirit of all the celebrations is
similar in nature. For example, famous ‘garva dance’ is organized in the state
of Gujarat and devotional songs and dance competitions are organized in West
Bengal besides prayers in the specially erected and decorated pandals is a
usual phone. People visit the famous temples of Vaishno Devi in Katra (in Jammu
province) besides all the temples of Goddess Durga in its different
forms/manifestations attract devotees in these nine days.
main driving force of the Navratri is to purify our thoughts and deeds thereof.
In these nine days devout observe strict fasts; remain chaste and desist from
telling lies. Wish that people always behave like this all the days!
first three days are celebrated on the name of Durga Mata – Goddess with
immense power. For next three days she is worshipped as spiritual wealth – Mata
for next three days, she is Goddess of wisdom – the Goddess Saraswati. It
bestows spiritual enlightenment besides showering an individual with all-around
is useful for our benefit to know the importance of each day.
BENEFITS TO THE DEVOTEES
JAI MATA JI DI
observance of fasts keep our digestive system in order and helps maintain our
in purifying our mind because we pray Goddess continuously for nine
days/nights. It also enhances our focus on the subject we contemplate for
of body and mind means spiritually directed conscious mind thus a shift from negativity
in melas and group processions help the people to people contacts thus
animosity, if any, gets obliterated and a feeling of fellow feeling and
cooperation sprouts. Contact with each other enhances our outreach in the society.
dances and spiritual song competitions enhance competitive spirits in the youth
and also help them direct their latent energies to productive use.
in their zeal to show earnest desire to have total connectivity with Goddess
Durgaji, offer singular devotion to Her during these auspicious days, reap the
harvest of getting their problems solved and get ETERNAL PEACE in their
lives as a reward of this worship.
meet the needs of the needy during these NINE DAYS. My pray to all is to see to
it that they meet the needs of others on all days and earn the goodwill of DURGA MAA – who herself is the most benevolent.
earnest prayer to the Durga Maa, the Mother Divine, a powerhouse of immense
power (Shakti), to grant all the humankind peace and prosperity, thereby,
a feeling of cooperation and brotherhood between the humanity as a whole.
We’ve to bring about changes Which are brought about In our lives By our thoughts and karmic deeds Which we espouse indeed Know our own self And experiment with the truth The truth which may be bitter sometimes But this ‘bitter’ truth Gives us wisdom in the long run By pursing what is righteous While leaving what is wrong out righteously When doing so honestly We’ve not to compare ourselves with others But have to make comparison With our own self And create for ourselves a template For others to emulate Since that template Consists of positive attitude With sincerity of our efforts To succeed and let others succeed With free environs and wisdom As the main hallmarks With spiritualism orientation As forward movement Bereft of any comparison with others But ourselves.
Our feelings and emotions are linked to our highs and lows of our
lives. When we are not accepted or loved by our own relatives and friends, we
feel let down. More the nearness of our relations, the more the emotional
upsurge if we are rejected. Meaning the important desire of everybody is to
feel accepted and loved and understood by those who are around us. It may be at
home or at workplace. We feel let down when somebody cold-shoulders us and
remains insensitive to us. In fact showing indifference is worst than any
insult which a person can give us. The moment we feel we are rejected, anxiety
syndrome engulfs us immeasurably. This impacts us physically and
Factually, man is a social animal and sustains on the relations
for meeting his requirement as he is not perfect in meeting his needs. No man
can live in this world in isolation. In the relations, it is not merely our
self-regards, receiving love and affection but also our emergent needs are met
by others. For instance, when we fall sick, we require to be take care for
providing us medi-care or other assistance when we are not able to move. Or may
be we require some monetary assistance, then we can have the help of others in
order to meet our needs.
Whenever our self-esteem gets punctured, we tend to spiral
downward emotionally, get frustrated. All
this impact us depending on the degree of our problem.
HEIGHT OF TOLERANCE
We as humans, can take
in a lot of sufferings in the forms of diseases, death of our near ones, loss
in the business, failure in our lives etc. We feel disappointed for sometimes
but have to accept things and move on. This is possible only when we know how
to keep balance. This balance could be acquired by traversing inside our own
self. Knowing our own self. Connecting with God for thanking Him for everything
that He has endowed us with. Enjoy His bounties while living a purposeful life
of compassion and empathy.
REJECTION IS VERY BAD
All our failings in our lives could be tolerated and with time
forgotten and ameliorated with our persistence and mental toughness but one
thing that cannot be tolerated is our rejection by others or when somebody
tells us that we are worthless and people are indifferent towards us;
especially so by our close relatives and friends. The insensitivity towards us
saps our energy and this let-down could spell poorly for us in the process.
WE WANT IT OR NOT REJECTION KNOCKS OUR DOOR
We expect it or not sometimes rejection knocks our door without asking. It could come after we are rejected for a marriage proposal, rejected for promotion despite our best efforts, our work not appreciated despite our best efforts, or when somebody feign ignorance of our acquaintance when he/she has reached to a position of importance, when our own children do not care in our oldage (which in fact is a most degrading and humiliating rejection). When somebody does not like us despite our best efforts, then it pains us. This rejection could visit us any time. We have to be very careful about these rejections. Of all the rejections, when this rejection comes from our most dear ones then it gives us more disappointment. Everyone of us must have experience of rejection from others at one time or other. But a big shock comes when our own forsake us and reject us when we require them the most.
It is worthwhile to explore our self-worth for our self-regard. For this to be a reality, we have to work hard. It gives us joy in our lives. Know the self gives us eternal joy, a satiety we shall not exchange for anything in the world. Everything does not transpire according to our liking. Sometimes we have to face opposition too.. We have to persevere to gain something tangible which is of importance for us including our self-esteem. It is not got on the platter for us. We have to earn it.
OUR IMAGE AND OTHERS
In essence, those who have grown old and seen ups and downs in their lives do form their own image and with it the image of others too because of their dealings with others. When we interact with others, we tend to behave and act based on the image we form the image of others in our heart. But does it happen so in true life. No it does not. People sometimes behave in a particular way we least expected and the image formed earlier gets just shattered or blurred. I am of the view that we should not give too much of credence to others’ change of image but we should ourselves remain steadfast in our conviction – remain true to our word and deed so that people believe us what we say and for what we stand for. We have not lower ourselves but soar out image to the extent possible – rejection or no rejection from others should not matter to us. Despite our best efforts for maintaining our image, if still somebody takes us for granted, then be it. No problem absolutely because we and our God knows the truth. We are not here to please others all the time. If some people reject us due to their own follies, it should not concern us much.
Our body feels pain and pleasure but our image does not; it is merely our shadow. But we are not even the shadows of great personalities who make huge difference with their thoughts and actions. We can emulate some of their traits and make a place for ourselves. For this to be reality, we have to work hard. When we have made a niche for ourselves then rejection or no rejection by others, we consider rejection or acceptance with the same thought. We are equipoise in rejection or in acceptance. No problem when somebody takes us indifferently or shows insensitivity towards us. We know our limitations and strength. Owning or disowning by others hardly matters since we are our own masters since our GREAT MASTER is with us for sure. This happens when we start seeking our true self by traversing in the inner recesses of our heart. The Bible says, “Godliness with contentment is great gain”. And this goodness comes when we have satisfaction by meeting others needs; joy of giving, and by living in the present moment with total belief in ourselves and on our Creator. Herein lies the strength of our character, no matter the ups and downs of lives.
On the face of it all, we’ve become dependent on plastics hugely May it be plastic bags for use routinely To use it as a carrier of groceries And odd things for domestic use But misfortune dawns after these bags become useless And are just thrown out without even a second thought To let it clog the sewerage pipes And other smooth carriers of household and industrial wastes And become cause of floods When rain water does not find its outlet/exit. May it be water-bottles These are used and thrown heartlessly After water is taken Without even a thought of a moment The same process repeated. May it be water-pipes To carry water from the water source To the end users But when these become unserviceable Through fair, wear and tear Are either cut to small-pieces Or recycled for reuse Or incinerated in the furnace Or find its place in inland domain Or thrown in the deep sea affecting the creatures of ocean. May it be medicine bottles Containing medicine – even life-saving ones Or insecticides to be sprinkled on the plants For saving these from insects Which adversely impacts agri-produce But what is the fate of the bottles After the use has been finally completed It meets the same fate As the other plastic items after its use These are thrown in the water-bodies Rivers and oceans Becoming the cause of deaths Of marine creatures Of fish, turtles, frogs, and other mammals big and small Even the sea-gulls and earth birds are not immune from its ill-effects. May it be fishing nets After these become non-functional These’re thrown in the ocean Which results in the deaths of sea creatures After they get entangled in these May it be toys for kids After these become dysfunctional Are cut into pieces and recycled Or big furnace used for these to be incinerated Resulting in effusing of gases so harmful For all the living creatures. May it be combs used for hair combing After it loses its utility It is just thrown out in the dustbin To be thrown out to rot and vanish But it does not As it does not degenerate completely May it be for chairs to sit for sitting comfortably The same fate results for these too These are recycled Or incinerated Or thrown in water-bodies And let it perform their ill-effects. May it be TVs or PCs After their use These too meet the same fate Till these are thrown somewhere Ending in impacting the ecosystem May it be boots soles After use these are thrown outside Having the same impact As other used plastic products Use and thrown to the mercy of elements Adversely impacting our lives immeasurably And with it the Mother Nature By effusing harmful gases and raising the temperature
If we’ve have to live bereft of aftereffects of used plastic products And find ways and means to minimize the adverse affects In the form of gases so poisonous for living beings Not that we can do much without plastic products presently But we’ve to walk tightrope while using the //plastic products And take care that after these become useless We don’t throw these useless products to the elements And spoil the Nature’s balance, lest the use and throw becomes a cause of our downfall.
In essence, the excessive use of plastic made materials is essential because presently we cannot just have plastic free life totally but it is important that after using the plastic made products, we should not throw these away just impacting our daily lives. The spur for writing this topical essay is due to ongoing flooding in different parts of the country – even the metropolitan cities like Mumbai and other prominent cities are not safe from the flood fury. We are aware that the free-flow of flood water is retarded because of clogging of sewerage system with plastic wastes in the form of water bottles, grocery bags etc. I felt hugely pleased when our Prime Minister Mr. Narindra Modi emphasized from the rampart of Red Fort in New Delhi on 15th August 2019 on the occasion of Independence Day speech that plastic bags, water bottles etc. should not be used for sake our ecosystem thus save the environment from being spoiled.
Presently, the use of plastic materials have made
inroads in our lives in a big way. It may be use of plastic medical equipments
and containers of medicines, plastic toys for the kids, water bottles including
the varieties of parts useable plastic pipes used for conveyance of water, plastic
containers used for kerosene, edible oils etc. In other words, it could be said
that our life has become hugely dependent on the plastic manufactured goods.
Primarily, the usage of the plastic material is good but when these used
plastic goods become old and frayed that is when these are no longer be used
because of fair, wear and tear then the problem come as to how to get rid of
We are also aware that we sell the used plastic
products to the hawkers who sell these to the plastic industries who re-cycle
these plastic products. Problem does not end there, while melting in the
furnace, there is emission of harmful gases like Carbon Dioxide (CO2) and other
greenhouse gases which are harming the environs/ecosystem hugely.
Then incineration or burning of the waste plastic
products could also be made but here too
the emission of harmful gases results which because a cause for spoiling the
atmosphere – causing diseases like sex hormonal affects and also adversely impacting
the immune system.
The waste plastic material such as used medical
products including left out waste products from the pesticides could also be
put in the dug-up pits or landfills but doing so will also be harmful for the
ground water since it will this too will harm the ground water with disastrous
consequences. If the ground water is polluted, the adverse effects on our
health is easily to be understood. The
lead and other harmful contents in the ground water becomes a cause of a variety of diseases.
Then the use of excessive plastic bags for
groceries, water bottles, kids toys as waste plastic products (in micro-debris
and macro-debris) and unfortunately thrown in the water bodies could affect the
water bodies adversely affecting the water creatures like fish, turtles, frogs,
and other microbes in the water bodies. The rivers could take these harmful
wasteful plastic materials to the sea and the current of the sea could spread
these in far and wide.
It is unfortunate that we just use the plastics
products and just discard these haphazardly which adversely affect the
environments based on the constituents of which these are made of. These
contaminate not only the water but also the upper environment when these
plastic materials come into contact with the natural elements such as rain, sun
etc. these release chemicals. Till these plastic contents are decomposed, these
remain causing adverse affects.
PLASTI WASTES THROWN IN THE RIVERS AND OCEANS
Plastic wastes in high densities are
found in water bodies and its high concertinos found off the coast of some of
the islands because the water currents carry these plastic wastes. The plastic
debris are water bottles, waste plastic made materials such as toys, plastic
bags used for throwing household litters. In other words these could be
microdebris – pieces measure between 2
mm to 5 mm in size and in some cases it is very small which could be ingested
by the sea or land based creatures causing physical ill-effects. Some of the
microdebris are so small that these are consumed by the animals. Some of the
countries throw these plastic wastes into the sea cause plastic pollution.
Worse still is the adverse affects of pesticides, the containers made of
plastic are just thrown in the water bodies and you can fathom the affects of
these poisonous contents.
It is in the fitness of things that the waste
products adversely affect the marine lives severely in the oceans. Then the
containers containing pesticides and other pollutants are thrown in the lakes,
water bodies and seas. Needless to say, these are dangerous for the marine
creatures hugely. Some of these products in very miniscule quantity could be
ingested by the sea creatures resulting in their deaths. Then the wastes from
the used fishing nets and thrown in the water bodies and sea become the cause
of the entanglement of marine creatures resulting in their deaths.
Then we are all aware of the used water bottles,
grocery bags and also other waste products in the sewerage outlets results in
stoppage of waste products from our households or from our industries.
The production of plastic could potentially
be harmful for the body particularly promote endocrine disruption with
continuous exposure to chemicals. Intake of plastic intake could be through
nose, mouth and skin, of course, its effects depends on the age and health
condition depending on the degree of exposure and period of such exposure..
CAUSE OF POLLUTION
has been observed that indiscriminate use of plastic objects consisting of
plastic bags, plastic bottles, plastic made varieties of toys and other
material causes pollution because after their use people throw these things
outside their homes. As these plastic objects are resistant to degradation
because of their chemical structure so easily these cause pollution thus
becomes cause for adversely impacting the ecosystem. It is unfortunate that multi-million tons of plastic has
been produced around the world for use in variety of ways but after their use,
these are just thrown either in the water bodies and some of it incenerated
still resulting in pollution which becomes cause of diseases.
TOO IMPACTED BY THE POLLUTANTS
is variability of life on the earth though it is not evenly spread on the earth
and covers only 10% of earth but is usually more near the equator. It is our
responsibility to maintain the biodiversity. We should not spoil this biodiversity
by our own acts of omissions and commissions. The plastic pollutants affects
the ground water, affects the soil fertility along with the produce too will be
adversely affected with produce from such soil having poisonous elements. Exposure to plastic pollution affects
the tadpole, could impact egg hatching of fish and could also shorten the lives
of frogs, turtles, tadpole etc.
AFFECTS OF SEABIRDS
Seabirds such as sea gulls too are
affected. They ingest the plastic contents found on the surface of the sea and
are hugely affected as these contents do not digest and results in ulcers and
infections causing death to the sea birds.
There are certain carriers of waste plastic
products. These are wind and ocean currents etc. adversely affecting the water
organisms. Plastic wastes also
contribute to greenhouse gases; effusion of huge quantity of carbon dioxide in
the environment. This may be due to production, transportation incineration
Plastic wastes cause adverse affects on the humans, plants and animals on the land and sea. It is unfortunate that the amount of plastic waste is concentrated more on the land than in the ocean and water bodies and its adverse affects are really huge – release of harmful chemicals emanated from either incineration or just emission of gases from these wastes. It also affects the ground water, on ground water besides other water bodies.
Plastic materials should not be used
because of the following.
Its waste after our ecosystem hugely
by immersion of harmful gages.
Plastic wastes when thrown in the
waterbodies and sea adversely affects the marine lives hugely.
Incineration of plastic wastes is all
right but it should be done under experts’ supervision lest it emits harmful
gases like Carbon Dioxide and others.
Landfil of waste products is also
very harmful for ground water.
The waste products also impacts the
fertility of the soil.
Sometimes the animals ingest the
plastic bags and other contents which results in deaths of the animals in many
cases since plastic cannot be digested.
Ocean life is adversely affected when
countries throw the waste plastic products indiscriminately affecting the
The adverse impact of the environment
by the use and then burning results in spoiling the ecosystem thus causing
various diseases to the humans and also
for other living beings.
Even the sex hormones are adversely affected by the plastic
related pollution including the metabolism or the catabolism of the sex
· Even the water that we take from the tap contains plastic harmful contents sometimes proving that we are willy-nilly ingesting plastic contents.
Thus plastic wastes affect, air, water and soil immensely, therefore, should not be used indiscriminately at least for our present and the next generation.
OF SHRAADDHA TO OUR DEPARTED SOULS (PITRS) FROM TH 14th SEPTember 2019 (PURANMASHI – FULL MOON DAY) TO 28TH
SEPTEMBER 2019 AMAVASYA – DARK NIGHT
SHRAADDHS -A SCARED RITUALIN THE MEMORY OF OUR DEPARTED SOULS
Shraaddhas are the important rituals most dearly observed By the progenies of the (Pitr) departed souls As a form of remembrance To deceased relatives of ours who are no longer with us And have gone to the lands unknown We keep in mind them their love and affection With our love and emotions flowing to the brim For those who had shown us this beautiful earth Because due to them only we’re here on this planet The dear ones who had bestowed us the righteous guidance Along with showering us their love so tender And delivered us from many a difficult moments. Now, as they have turned to Pitr domain It is our sacred duty, the bounden one To remember their stellar contribution Due to which we are in the present state of wellness During these days we tend to remember their role In shaping our destinies In which we’re placed presently. Besides recollection of their role We are duty bound to repay the debit For bestowing us the care when it was urgently required And directing our movements And saving us from directionless journey of life By observing Shraaddhas With absolute faith, full of emotion at our command So that our (Pitras) ancestors Who might be in the dark regions After they are with us no longer Are able to move from dark recesses To the region of lights of the heaven By attaining liberation or Moksha By the performance of Shraaddhas In which rituals are held In the form of reciting of holy mantras Mention of which has been made in Upnishads And most sincere prayers to our Creator With utmost devotion Besides the charities too are made For our departed love ones Who though are not with us now As a true sign of their remembrance But due to whom we are here on this earth now We reminisce them during these days And thank them for everything they had done for us While they were on this planet with us. . Shraaddha or Shradha is the Sanskrit word which literally means Shradha of faith/belief and any act that is transacted with all the honesty and sincerity at our command according to pre-determined goal besides it has got sanctity faith/belief attached with it. Our emotional faith (Bhav) is a must for getting full benefits of the Shraaddas. Shraadhas are observed for 15 days (in the Hindu month of Ashvin) termed as the Pitra Paksh Period is very auspicious to offer Pinddaan so that the departed souls may get liberation (Moksha) from births and deaths. Mention of this has been in the ancient scriptures like Upnishads.
This year these are observed with effect from 14th September 2019 (Puranmashi – Full Moon Day to 28th September 2019 (Dark Night – Amavasya). On these days, we Hindus reminisce our dead forefathers/ancestors due to which we are there on this earth. In other words, it is expression of our gratitude to our dead (Pitras) and pay them due homage for their contribution towards them. In other words, it is expression of gratitude to our ancestors (Pitrs) due to whom we are on this planet. Today, I am conducting the Shraaddha rituals for my father today, partly for the expression of my gratitude to him and partly to remember him for giving me the first lesson to me the purpose of life.
It is based on the date on which our parents or grand-parents have left for their heavenly abode. The date for the shraadhas are observed based on the death anniversary – on the Shraadha Paksha (Fortnight of ancestors). These Shraadhas are also observed after the death of an individual (after the left out ashes are immersed in the holy water of river Ganga). These Shraddhas are performed accompanied with chanting of Mantras for the departed soul. The Sharaaddha ceremonies are also performed at Kurukeshtra (A Holi place in Haryana) in a waterbody where there was a huge battle between Pandavas and Kauravas and Holi Song of Bhagwad Gita originated.
The Shraaddha rituals could be performed in Gaya (Bihar) the waterless river containing Phalgu (A type of sand) but water could be extracted from any spot by digging 2-3 feet at any part of this waterless river. While I visited Gaya and offered prayers at the famous Lord Vishnu temple and performed Shraaddhas for the departed souls of my parents, my brothers and grand-parents, and of course, for my relatives and friends who had left for their heavenly abode. I was spellbound by the air of Godliness everywhere there. It is believed that Sita Maa had performed her Shraaddha rituals for her father-in-law Dhashratha at Gaya. It has been mentioned in Purana in great details.
The Shraddha rituals are performed not merely for our deceased parents, grand-parents but also our close relatives including small children who departed from this earth suddenly due to sickness or due to some unfortunate accidents. As these Pitrs (departed souls) have departed to their heavenly abode or may be not got Liberation or Moksha, due to one reason or other, the Shraddha performed with wholeheartedness will help liberate these departed souls.
Shraddha rituals are conducted during Shukla Paksh and Krishna Paksh in the following way:- • Place where these rituals are held. First of all, it is essential that the rituals are held at a place which is known for performing these sacred rituals. It could be places like banks of river Ganga, Yamuna, Gaya, Baranasi etc. For these, there is no need of appropriate time like Shraddha Period (15 days). • Pinddaan. This constitutes the offering consisting of baked rice, cow’s milk, desi ghee, honey, barley flour. All these are mixed together so as to make balls of contents as mentioned. This should be done with intense faith and belief with emotional attachment. • Tarpan. It is the offering of clean water mixed with sesame, barley, and flour; in these, Kusha (grass) forms an important part. By adopting right approach besides absolute faith and belief, our ancestors could get the benefits for their onward journey from dark or negative region to brighter one. • Offering to the Animals and birds. Before offering meals to the priests (Brahmins), it is considered a good omen or auspicious to offer the prepared vegetarian meal, prepared without use of onions and garlic, khir (prepared with cow milk, rice, sugar, dry fruits etc.) to the cows and birds. If the offering of Khir is taken by the crows, it is consider auspicious. • Feeding to the Brahmins. Subsequently, the prepared meal is offered to the priests (Brahmins) with utmost reverence and emotional faith. • Clothes and donation. After Priti-Bhoj to the Brahmins, they are offered clothes and cash so as to cover their expenses to reach the place of Shraaddha rituals.
Benefits of performing Shraddhas
It is axiomatic that anything performed with utmost devotion and singleness of purpose, it will surely and without any doubt give us benefit; it may be anything or everything. Its main benefits are:-
• In essence, what happens to the departed soul depends on the karmic deeds or misdeeds the particular individual has done while living in flesh and blood on this earth. It has been mentioned in scriptures that after the death the purvaj may not get final deliverance (antim mukti), for this performance of Pinddaan while observing all the steps in the rituals will help the Mukti of Atma of Pitr; if it is not done already according to the Karma or deeds/actions while ling. • When we perform all the rituals in connection with the observance of Shraddha rituals like invoking God with spiritual emotion, the connectivity with God and our Pitras (Ancestors for whom rituals are being performed). Not only the person performing such rituals are benefited but also the deceased soul. • Shraddhas are the re-payment of debt for what they (Our Pitrs departed souls) have done for us by showing us the path including transferring the family traditions and value system to us. This is also an opportunity to offer gratefulness to our ancestors, family deities and the God including our Gurus who have shown us the purpose of life to us. • Shraaddhas help the Pitrs (deceased relatives) to move from Pitru areas (which are considered as negative regions) to higher plane for them. For this reasons may be any – may be lesser Karmic Credit during their life-time. • When the departed souls get their share of Pinddaan along with other important ingredients like black sesame seeds, Kusha, rice floor balls etc. including the emotionally surcharged faith/belief. • Bhagwad Gita has rightly enunciated that nobody should not commit any mistakes in the performance of duties towards our ancestors’ soul and the God. Those Pitrs for whom no Pinddaan is given, they remain in the negative region. Therefore, a person with intellect who knows the difference between right and wrong should not abstain from performing Shraaddhas for their ancestors. • When Shraaddhas are not done for a deceased soul (Pitrs), then that Pitr remains trapped between real world and the heavenly abode. • It should never be forgotten that the benefits of conducting Shraaddhas not only to the deceased Pitrs but also to the person perform the rituals in a systematic and with complete devotion and singleness of purpose. It should be construed as the responsibility of the offspring to offer Shraaddha to his/her deceased ancestors for their ultimate liberation .