WISHING YOU ALL HAPPY MAHAVIRA JYANTI ON 6th APRIL. HIS BLESSING ARE MORE RELEVANT NOW THAN EVER
Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara was born on 599 BC and died in 510 BC. It is also mentioned in Kalpa Sutra that he was born between 1375 – 1400 CE in a family of a Kshtriya in present day Bihar. His birthday is mentioned as Mahavir Jyanti.
While the world at large is passing through difficult times due to critical situation created by Novel Coronavirus Pandemic, till such time no vaccine or medicine is found by our scientists, it is the sincerest prayers to our God who can deliver us from this critical juncture. He can bestow us forbearance and will to survive by providing us HIS ETERNAL GRACES so that nobody departs for good from his/her dear one.
I pray to Lord Mahavira who got his Omniscience – Kevala Jnana or eternal knowledge after undergoing extreme penance may bestow the humanity wellness, peace and prosperity and rid the humanity from the scourge. I want to see happiness and joy on the faces of all along with self belief and belief on God.
HAPPY MAHAVIR JYANTI ON 6th APRIL 2020
Mahavira also known as Vardhamana
He is regarded as the 24th Tirthankaras
A spiritual successor of 23rd Tirthankara Parshvanatha
Born in the early part of 5th century BC
Into a family of Kshtriya Gotra
In present day Bihar
His birth is celebrated as Mahavir Jayanti
And his Nirvana or Moksha is observed by Jains as Diwali
It is mentioend that he was born on 599 BC & died in 510 BC
Vide Kalpa Sutra his birth is mentioned as between 1375 – 1400 CE
Vira Nirvana Samvat era began in 527 BC
With Nirvana of Mahavira at Pavapuri in Bihar
Which is considered a holy place of Jains
Opinion may differ from person to person
But his preaching are second to none.
In spiritual knowledge and awakening
For 12 long years
He lived a life of renunciation
And attained omniscience – Kevala Jnana
Or eternal knowledge
Knowhow which could be universal in nature
Subsequently be got moksha – moksha
In 6th century BC
Mahavira taught about Jainism and is considered to be the contemporary of Buddha.
Mahavira also known as Vardhamana
Was the 24th Tirthankara
Meaning a savior and a well known Spiritual Preacher
Who made significant efforts in reviving Jainism
With his spiritual and ethical teachings of tirthankaras
The base of which was laid in Pre-Vedic era
He left his home while he was about 30 years
And became a true ascetic in true sense of terms
Followed severest Bhakti Marga
In the form of severest penance – Bhakti
For his spiritual awakening
Due to which he attained Omniscience – Kevala Jnana
Finally attained Nirvana or liberation – Moksha
At the age of seventy two.
His teachings included non-violence – ahemsa
Truth, what is right and what is wrong – satya & Astya
The importance of non-attachment – Aparigraha
Taught about chastity – Brahmacharya
Thence numerous realities – Anekantavda
All his teachings are codified in – Jain Agamas
His earliest known historical signs at Mathura
Mahavira is known variously
Such as Samana, Nayaputta, Brahmham, Bhagwan and Muni
Mahavira’s childhood name was Vardhamana
As per text Digambara Uttarapuranna
Mahavira was born in Kundgrama
In the Kingdom of the Videhas
The one who grows in stature and worth
And helps others too to grow all around.
In the Kalpasutras in Bihar
Lived as severest ascetic life for 12 years
Then preached Jain philosophy for 30 years
He is termed as the great hero – Mahavira
He faced all the ups and downs of his life with unmatched stamina
In the traditions of Svetambara
In the early Budhist Suttas
He is called as worthy one – Araha
In Vedas he is known as devoid of love and hate Sramana
But truth stands out that he preached Jainism philosophy
Tirthankara means savior or spiritual preacher
Svetambara texts mention his birth on 13th Day of 599 BC
At Kundagrama as his place of birth
In the month of Chaitra
In the Vira Nirvana Samvat calendar era
Which falls in the month of March-April
Lets adopt his noble teachings in our life
For making it sublime and purposeful
With love flowing for everybody
And hate none
With non-use of force
While living a life suffusing with truthfulness
Not overly attached to the worldly possessions
Or not stealing what is not ours.
The five vows or principles are observed by the Jains:-
- Non-violence (Ahimsa). It is opned that every living being has sanctity and respect. This applies to actions, speech and thoughts.
- Truthfulness (Satya). It applied to individual and for others.
- Chastity (Brahmacharya). It is believed that abstinence from sex and sensual pleasure for all faithfuls.
- Non-Attachment (Apangraha. An attitude of non-attachmet to the fruits of our action while following a disciplined life.
- Compassion (Dyaluta). We should be compassionate to all including animals.
The following are his teachings:-
- Non-use of force (Ahimsa) while getting something done.
- Following truth (Satya).
- Opposing untruth (Asatya) in any event.
- Following a life of chastity (Brahmacharya).
- We should follow a life of non-attachment to the fruits of our action (Aparigraha).
- There are multi-dimensional realities (Anekatavada) to reach the truth.
- Remain fearless in hardships and in calamities that is why he is called as Tirthankara.
- Knowledge which is universal is based on truth should be followed.
- All humans undergo several reincarnations according to our karma therefore we should perform right karma.
- It is believed that soul exists an is eternal i.e. does not die as the body dies – a principle which is being followed in Hinduism.
- Karma includes actions and intent. The effects of good karma and bad karma.
- The goal of spiritual practice to liberate the jiva from the karmic accumulation and enter the realm of the Siddhas and finally liberation after one attains total detachment from the worldly possessions or for that matter anything after following a life of self-restraint.
- He taught about many sided realities and truth and reality are complex. Reality could be experienced. Onne can experience the truth of taste but cannot fully express that taste through language. Spiritual truths are also very complex. These could be experienced through self effort and right karma.
- Jainism believes in plurality of humans and freedom of belief.
- The significance of following the five principles is to achieve spiritual peace for better rebirth or reincarnation or liberation after following highly spiritual life. The Mahavira also put emphasis on restraint and be compassionate to other creatures as well. In other words, the life of self-discipline is of paramount importance. The cleaning of sould leads to spiritual development based on supreme moral virtue.
- The five vows (Vrtas) which Mahavira Preached are enumerated as under:-
- Ahimsa (Non-violence). Mahavira preached to maintain sanctity and dignity of all in the spirit of Ahimsa – without force or intimidation. It should be in action, speech and thought.Satya (Truthfulness). He stressed about being truthful in thoughts and actions.
- Asteya (Non-stealing). Nobody should steal what is not ours.
- Brahmacharya (Chastity).He taught abstinence from sex and sensual pleasures for monks and faithfulness to one’s partner for householders.
- Aparigaha (Non-attachment). An attitude of non-attachment to property or worldly possessions should not be given much credence by the mendicants.