HAPPY MAHAVIRA JYANTI TODAY
Lord Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara was born on 599 BC and died in 510 BC. It is also mentioned in Kalpa Sutra that he was born between 1375 – 1400 CE in a family of a Kshtriya in present day Bihar. .
I pray to Lord Mahavira who got his Omniscience – Kevala Jnana or eternal knowledge after undergoing extreme penance may bestow the humanity wellness, peace and prosperity and rid the humanity from the scourge. I want to see happiness and joy on the faces of all along with self belief and belief on God.
While the world at large, and particularly so, India, are passing through most trying situations and condition created by double mutant Novel Coronavirus Pandemic.
The hope now is partly on the bountiful blessings of Lord Mahavira. I offer my sincerest prayers to the Lord to protect the precious lives of humanity around the world. Wish that all are administered vaccines. In the interim, scare created by the scarcity of Oxygen should be made good as soon as possible by the active intervention of all concerned post haste otherwise death and destruction would be huge. All states should cooperate in this context so that no precious life is lost due to the non-availability of O2. I am sanguine, of course, blessings of our Lord Mahavira would anyhow be there and the scare created by Covid-19 gets evaporated.
If we act on the following five principles of Lord Mahavira preaching, we would make our lives sublime thereby lead a life of peace and prosperity.
The five vows (Vrtas) which Mahavira Preached are enumerated as under:-PPRINCFIVE VOWS OF LORD MAHAVIRA
Ahimsa (Non-violence). Mahavira preached to maintain sanctity and dignity of all in the spirit of Ahimsa – without force or intimidation. It should be in action, speech and thought. Satya (Truthfulness). He stressed about being truthful in thoughts and actions.
- Asteya (Non-stealing). Nobody should steal what is not ours.
- Brahmacharya (Chastity).He taught abstinence from sex and sensual pleasures for monks and faithfulness to one’s partner for householders.
- Aparigaha (Non-attachment). An attitude of non-attachment to property or worldly possessions should be given much credence..
- Truthfulness (Satya). It applied to individual and for others.
TEACHINGS OF LORD MAHAVIRA
- Non-use of force (Ahimsa) while getting something done.
- Following truth (Satya).
- Opposing untruth (Asatya) in any event.
- Following a life of chastity (Brahmacharya).
- We should follow a life of non-attachment to the fruits of our action (Aparigraha).
- There are multi-dimensional realities (Anekatavada) to reach the truth.
- Remain fearless in hardships and in calamities that is why he is called as Tirthankara.
- Knowledge which is universal is based on truth should be followed.
- All humans undergo several reincarnations according to our karma therefore we should perform right karma.
- It is believed that soul exists an is eternal i.e. does not die as the body dies – a principle which is being followed in Hinduism.
- Karma includes actions and intent. The effects of good karma and bad karma.
- The goal of spiritual practice to liberate the jiva from the karmic accumulation and enter the realm of the Siddhas and finally liberation after one attains total detachment from the worldly possessions or for that matter anything after following a life of self-restraint.
- He taught about many sided realities and truth and reality are complex. Reality could be experienced. Onne can experience the truth of taste but cannot fully express that taste through language. Spiritual truths are also very complex. These could be experienced through self effort and right karma.
- Jainism believes in plurality of humans and freedom of belief.
- The significance of following the five principles is to achieve spiritual peace for better rebirth or reincarnation or liberation after following highly spiritual life. The Mahavira also put emphasis on restraint and be compassionate to other creatures as well. In other words, the life of self-discipline is of paramount importance. The cleansing of soul leads to spiritual development based on supreme moral virtue.
MAHAVIR JYANTI TODAY
Lord Mahavira, known as Vardhamana
Is regarded as the 24th Tirthankaras
A spiritual successor of 23rd Tirthankara Parshvanatha
Born in the early part of 5th century BC
Into a family of Kshtriya Gotra
In present day Bihar
His birth is celebrated as Mahavir Jayanti
And his Nirvana is observed by Jains as Diwali
It is recorded that he was born on 599 BC & died in 510 BC
Kalpa Sutra mention his birthday between 1375 – 1400 CE
Vira Nirvana Samvat era began in 527 BC
With Nirvana of Mahavira at Pavapuri in Bihar
Is considered holiest place for Jains and others.
Opinions may differ from person to person
But his preaching are second to none
In spiritual knowledge and awakening.
For 12 years long
He lived a life of total renunciation
And attained omniscience – Kevala Jnana
Or eternal knowledge
Knowhow which could be universal in nature
Subsequently be got moksha
In 6th century BC.
Mahavira taught based on Jainism principles
Which are respected as those of Lord Buddha.
Mahavira also known as Vardhamana
Was the 24th Tirthankara
Meaning a savior and a well known Spiritual Preacher
Who made significant efforts in reviving Jainism.
With his spiritual and ethical teachings of tirthankaras
The base of which was laid in Pre-Vedic era.
He left his home while he was about 30 years
And became a true ascetic in true sense of terms
Followed severest Bhakti Marga (Path)
In the form of severest penance – Bhakti
For his spiritual awakening
His earnest Bhakti earned for him Omniscience – Kevala Jnana
Finally attained Nirvana or liberation – Moksha
At the age of seventy two.
His teachings included non-violence – ahemsa
Truth, what is right and what is wrong – satya & Astya
The importance of non-attachment – Aparigraha
Taught about chastity – Brahmacharya
Thence numerous realities – Anekantavda
All his teachings are codified in – Jain Agamas
His earliest known historical signs at Mathura’
Mahavira is known variously
Such as Samana, Nayaputta, Brahmham, Bhagwan and Muni
Mahavira’s childhood name was Vardhamana
As per text Digambara Uttarapuranna
Mahavira was born in Kundgrama.
In the Kingdom of the Videhas
The one who grows in stature and worth
And helps others too to grow all around.
In the Kalpasutras in Bihar
Lived as severest ascetic life for 12 years
Then preached Jain philosophy for 30 years
He is termed as the great hero – Mahavira
He faced all the ups and downs of his life with unmatched stamina
In the traditions of Svetambara
In the early Budhist Suttas
He is called as worthy one – Araha
In Vedas he is known as devoid of love and hate Sramana
But truth stands out that he preached Jainism philosophy
Tirthankara means savior or spiritual preacher
Svetambara texts mention his birth on 13th Day of 599 BC
At Kundagrama as his place of birth
In the month of Chaitra
In the Vira Nirvana Samvat calendar era
Which falls in the month of March-April
Lets adopt his noble teachings in our life
For making it sublime and purposeful
With love flowing for everybody
And hate none
With non-use of force
While living a life suffusing with truthfulness
Not overly attached to the worldly possessions
Or not stealing what is not ours.