CLIMATE CHANGE AND ITS IMPLICATION
In essence, it has been experienced that if we do not obey the Laws of Nature, it will not forgive us for our indiscretions. Its retributions would be there for us humans to face. The nature’s fury may be in the form of tsunamis, cloud bursts, earthquakes, sea storms of disproportionate intensity, forest fires, melting of ice on the mountains and seas due to rise in temperatures (due to which the level of sea too is rising thus taking the land in its fold) and inundation of worst form excessive rains or droughts due to no rain at all. All this reprisals happen due to human activities of transgressing the Nature.
The increase in the number of cloudbursts causing deaths and destruction around the world is a cause of immense concern. The cloudbursts are associated with sudden burst of rain falling on a small geographical area with devastating implications. The increase in the cloudbursts incidents is a cause of concern. Seemingly, it too is caused due to climate changes.
CLIMATE CHANGE AND ITS ADVERSE IMPACTS
Climate change is having serious impacts on the world’s water systems through more floods and droughts. Warmer air can hold a higher water content, which makes rainfall patterns more extreme. Less or no rain at all brings about droughts of worst order resulting in depletion of water in rivers and lakes which supply drinking water for people and animals and are a vital resource for farming and industry.
DROUGHTS & DEPLETION OF WATER UNDERNEATH THE EARTH
There has been more droughts at many places, the affect of which is depletion of ground water level; the water in the tanks, lakes and other water bodies is drying out due to which the ground water underneath the earth is getting reduced/depleted. This is happening globally. All this is happening partly due to no rain or less rains besides due to pumping out more water from the earth.
RISE IN TEMPERATURE & ITS ADVERSE AFFECTS
Due to change in global temperature and other aspects of climate changes brought about by the humans around the globe in order to satiate their greed, there have been more than average rains around the globe. The following are the impacts of rains globally: Global evidence of devastations due to floods around the world have resulted in deaths of humans and live stocks along with destruction of properties made from their hard earnings.
INUNDATION AND ITS ADVERSE AFFECTS
There has been floods around the world due to rise in extreme rains due to human activities resulting in floods around the globe. There has been disproportionate inundation in India, Philippines, Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, China, Costa Rica, Germany, Belgium, Yemen, Turkey, Senegal, etc. We all know that all these floods are due to human activities. If we want to stop this, we should come together globally and stop or minimize those activities which are bringing about climate change.
RISE IN TEMPERATURE AND ITS IMPLICATIONS
The adverse affects which the climate change is affecting has already been observed around the world. Due to climate changes, temperatures are soaring owing to which glaciers are shrinking, ice on the mountains are prematurely melting. Then deforestation for human habilitation, industrialisation etc. is adversely affecting the green cover resulting in change of lush green forests into deserts thereby adversely implicating the rainfalls. Where there was no rain, more rains are happening, where there were deserts with sparse rains are taking place. The rains in many parts of globe are becoming cause of deluges resulting in deaths and destruction. In fact disproportionate/uneven changes in climate are adversely affecting the environment globally.
Recent research study has cautioned that due to climate changes there has been unprecedented rise in Atlantic temperatures which means there would be worst storms besides it will impact the marine life in and around the sea.
ICE MELTING DUE TO RISE IN TEMPERATURE
The melting of Antarctic ice and also melting of sea ice due to rise in temperature is resulting in rise is sea level thereby sea water is engulfing the land.
We are aware that temperatures are rising due to greenhouse gases due to human activities such as cutting more trees and establishment of more industries as average temperature of earth’s atmosphere is changing dramatically primarily due to greenhouse gases available in the Earth’s atmosphere . The generation of Carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and ozone due to human activities would have a telling implication on the eco-system. The emission of more carbon and its compounds due to burning of coal, mineral oils and its products are impacting the atmosphere adversely therefore our bionetwork is changing dramatically.
IMPACT OF CLIMATIC CHANGES IS HUGE
It is a considered fact that atmospheric changes do impact the lives of all living beings; humans, plant world, animal world including sea life. Temperature ranging from 2o centigrade to 5o centigrade will impact the atmosphere hugely.
It is also a fact that people induced rise in temperature is different from place to place. We are aware that those countries which consume more coal, mineral oils and its products, etc. are responsible for production of carbon emissions. They should come forward and reduce its emission to a permissible level otherwise disaster after disaster will come about.
INCREASE IN HEAT WAVES AND RESULTANT FOREST FIRES
Increase in temperature has resulted in increase in heat waves for more period of time and cold waves have lessened in its intensity and for lesser time. Due to this, more forest fires are taking place globally.
It is also understood that the changes in climate are increasing the intensity of storms and hurricanes resulting in deaths and destruction.
AFFECTS OF RISE IN TEMPERATURE
Global rise in temperature has rise by about 8 inches by now and it will further rise to 1—8 feet by 2100. Due to rise in temperature globally. This rise in temperature has resulted in melting of ice on the mountains and on the sea etc. resulting in expansion of more water as it warms itself. It does not augurs well globally.
HOW BEST WE CAN TACKLE ADVERSE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGES
As the climate change is resulted due to emission of more Carbon and its compounds in the atmosphere, for limiting its emission, two pronged strategy has to be adopted.
LIMITING THE EMISSION OF CARBON
Those countries who are responsible for more emission due to their industrialization and construction pursuit should limit their carbon emission to a permissible level. For this, the developed countries should play their part effectively and help limit the emission of carbon and its compounds and spoil the eco-system – the sooner it is done, the better for us all.
PLANTING MORE TREES
We are aware that the trees help in absorption of carbon that will contribute for enhancement of temperature globally. The trees also help the soil to capture and store carbon. They take in carbon dioxide and give out oxygen. Trees also use sunlight energy, uses carbon dioxide and water to create energy for their cells. A process called the photosynthesis. In other words, trees use carbon dioxide as their food thus the trees are responsible for limiting the effects of carbon emissions. More we plantation, less is the carbon for emission. Therefore, it should be our mission to plant more trees in order to have minimum carbon emission. Trees also help in preventing soil erosion since their roots hold the soil and prevent its erosion.
Conclusively, the affects of climate change and its implications are huge, therefore, the best way out is that all countries especially the ones which are responsible for carbon emission should contribute their mite and reduce carbon emission the sooner it is done is better for the humanity as a whole otherwise it would create worst case scenario for the world as a whole. If we want to preserve the future of our gennext, it is essential that we minimize the carbon emission to a permissible level otherwise, black future stares us at our face.
Some solution of alleviating the preseent state of climate change:-
- Large scale tree plantation to be done as we are aware that trees can absorb or utilize the atmospheric carbon as their food and grow. This should be done as a festival (Van Mahotasava).
- The carbon emotion, as a necessity, has to be minimized to the extent possible. Although it is easier said than done yet it has to be done on war footing so as to reduce the rising temperature globally which is impacting eco-system besides polluting the environs to impermissible level. In this, the advanced countries and the ones who are utilizing coal, mineral oils and its products etc. have to play their part actively, the sooner it is done the better for the survival of the humanity. The soaring temperature of Atlantic Ocean is a warning of worst order.
- Use of alternative fuel or green energy like athonol, use of wind energy, solar energy, use of CNG both for vehicles and for domestic use, solar energy etc. be expored on war footing and use of coal and mineral oil could be reduced gradually.