HAPPY GURU RAVIDAS JI’S BIRTHDAY ANNIVERSARY
INFLUENCE OF OUR GURUS AND THINKERS OF REPUTE
There are Gurus, Philosophers and great thinkers who, by their writings and preaching changed the very thinking of the general masses. Their teachings helped in removing the narrow-minded attitude and behaviour patterns. Guru Ravidas Ji’s teachings were all inclusive for all without any discrimination.
EARLY LIFE OF GURU RAVIDAS JI OR GURU RAIDAS JI
GURU RAVIDAS JI also known as Guru Raidas was born in a village named Sir Gobardhan (Near Varanasi Uttar Pradesh) to mother Mother Kalsa’n and father Santosh Dass. He was born in 1450 CE and died in 1520 CE. This place is famously known as Shri Ravidas Janam Asthan (Birth place). His ancestoral profession or occupation was leather work. But from his childhood days, he devoted his life in spiritual pursuits on the sacred banks of Ganga Ji. In other words, he was immensely influenced by the lives of Sufi saints and ascetics who lived the lived in austerity. Be was the proponent of Bhakti Movement which changed the very lives of many a people who were considered as downtrodden.
AS A SPIRITUAL POEM AND RENOWNED CREATIVE POET
Guru Ravidas was hugely influenced by a Brahmin Shri Ramanand (A Bhakti Poet). It is creditable that he is also respectfully termed as the contemporary of Sant Kabir Ji ; a spiritual oriented who changed many a lives during his life time. It is also known that he was hugely influenced by Shri Ramananda, of Ramanandi Sampeadaya traditio, and his followers. This movement too had a lasting impression on the lives of Guuru Ravidas and his followers including the general masses.
He had written so many poems which spread awareness and speak of emancipation humankind.
In one of the poems titled ESCAPE, he offers prayers to Lord Rama. He compares Lord Rama as the vast cloud and he as a peacock. Then he says that Lord Rama is the sandalwood full of fragrance whereas he is water which too is useful. The gist of this poem is evidenced that he cannot disssociate himself from Lord Rama in different forms and manifestations. Finally, he considers Lord Rama as the Master whereas he is His servant. Such is the devotion and focus of his Bhakti Marg for not only to enhance his self realization but also seek connectivity with God which he attained. In other words, in order to deliver from the difficult times, he banks on the Bhakti marg,,
How to escape? I recite the name Ram
Lord, if you are sandalwood, I am water
with the fragrance in all parts of my body
Lord, if you are a cloud, I am a peacock
looking for you like a chakora for the moon
Lord, if you are a lamp, I am the wick (Bati)
with the light burning day and night
Lord, if you are a pearl, I am the thread
together like gold and suhaga
Lord, you are the master and I servant
thus is the devotion of Raidas
HE WAS REVERED BY ALL INCLUDING THE MEMBERS OF PRIESTLY CLASS
He was immensely influenced by the prevailing condition at that time, so much so he was spiritually inclined that all, including Brahmins respeccted him hugely. During that time, he paid visit to places of worship in whole of India. It is to his credit that he left Saguna (With Attribute or Image) and begain his focus on Nirguna (Without Attributes or image) form and formulation of Almighty God.
HIS TEACHINGS IN THE POETIC FORMS INFLUENCED THE GENERRAL MASSES
He is said to have met Guru Nanak Dev Ji (The founder of Sikhism). It is also a fact that 41 Ravidas’s poems find mention in the Adi Granth. These poems are enlightening, rich in spiritual knowledge. His literary poems find mention in many other texts too for their rich spiritual knowhow. Those who follow Sant Ravidas are termed as Ravidasi. In other words, he is as respected while he lived as presently by the general masses due to his spiritual pursuits and literary works.
These literary works include conflict and tyranny, resolution of disputes along with willingness to devote one’s life in different right causes. He was the proponent of upholding the rights of all without any bias. His literary works tell us about the struggle for upliftment of all sections of society including the marginalised sections of the society. In other words interreligious and inter communal struggle prevalent during that period. It could be said that the writing of Sant Ravidas were immensely influenced by the dynamics of castes and other societical viewpoints prevailing. So much so Guru Ji was spiritually advanced and connected with Almighty God that he could show a stone floating in water or making the Ganges reversing its course. That was the spiritual forward path which he had achieved.
Guru Ravidas stressed upon the philosophy of knowing one’s own self. In Guru Raidas stressed upon NirgunaSaguna orientation. He believed in the Nath Yoga philosophy. It emphasisees about the union of the truths in many forms and merge with One Supreme. He was really imbued with the limitless love of God as envisioned in the Nirguna philosophy. This also form part of his Bhakti Movement.
GURU RAVIDAS JI’S teachings which influenced the general masses are given below:
- Through Guru Ji Bhakti philosophy, he resolved many of the spiritual doubts of the general masses.
- He did not desist from mentioning about his humble origin but he stood for the causes of downtroddens and marginalized people in the society in general.
- He stressed upon knowing the self in order to seek connectivity with God.
- He was the proponent of Nirguna; he subscribed to the idea of nondualism as enunciated by Vedic philosophy.
- He was against the idea of discrimination based on caste, creed or gender.
- He was the one who had attained God’s connectivity by following Bhakti Marg.
- His literary works stressed clear distinction between good and bad.
- He wanted all to eradicate egocentric tendencies from the society.
- Delving inside our own self can provide us self awareness and help vices which are prevalent in the society.
- Through his enlightening poems, he showcased his deep spiritual inclination which inspire us even today.
- If we follow the lives and enlightening teachings of Guru Ji, there would not be any difference on the basis if narrow-minded considerations.