In Bhagwad Gita, Lord Krishna tells the most able Dhanushdhari, Arjuna: One who lacks understanding of the obscure things and is devoid of faith as also is filled with doubt, that soul is lost to spiritual path. In other words, for a doubting soul, there is neither honorable place here on this world  nor beyond. Such a soul is bereft of happiness anywhere under the sun. Thus the lingering doubts should be wiped-out from the memory of our mind since it is a fertile ground for creating dissent, confusion and disaffection in the society.  


Doubt as a habit which pollutes the mind
Then spreads its tentacles to the entire community
Creating in its wake morality polluted air
Adversely impacting the society as a whole
Becoming a social evil
Lasting for a long time
If not nipped in the bud.
With pervading doubtful feeling
There will not be unity in diversity
Thus impacting the solidarity
And needful harmony in the society
Making the life of people in the society disunited
Which will impede further movement
Since doubt creates polluted air
Which spreads like a wildfire.

Doubt your own abilities,
Find yourself overshadowed with difficulties
Work, you must to earn your esteem,
By effacing the doubt from your being.
Lingering doubt on the spouse of your own,
Will make life a bed filled with thorns,
The spikes of which will prick thee every moment
It’ll also pierce thy conscience the most.

When your employer doubts your sincerity,
Doubt robs thee of the parity,
In respect, that you should have got otherwise,
Be not with doubtful sincerity,
It will give birth to troublesome disparity.

Think of a man with doubtful integrity
He lives, but without a pure soul,
Right he has to breathe on the soil,
Of his birth, but in his heart of hearts he knows
That he is living corpse worth nothing to his friends or foes,
He is nothing to the mother, who showed him the dawn of the day,
Such a man dies umpteenth times before death favours him actually,
On his death gentry just utters,
Gone is the man, who was burden not only to his own self,
But also on the soil which used to withstand his worthless being.+


Doubt means misgiving, suspicion, distrust, apprehension, confused state of mind etc. These are the negative feelings which originate from our mind when somebody tries to deceive you when you trust such a fellow.

When we nurse a doubt on your spouse’s sincerity, it may rob your peace of mind and with this suspicion, you cannot live a peaceful life. But doubt or suspicion should not be made a habit i.e. to doubt anything and everything under the sun. Many broken homes are the result of this bad act of doubting all the while; when you do not need to doubt the others’ credential still you nurse this awful pursuit without rhyme or reason  – of course, as a habit?


When ‘doubt’ becomes a daily routine habit, then, this bad habit becomes a  holdup in our path to attain holistic growth and development. And without growth and evolution in life, we live a life of robot programmed to doubt and nothing else.


While we are in skeptic state of mindset, our creative power gets depleted and a chaotic and confusion state of mind engulfs us. The decisions taken in the delusive mindset are always irrational and wrong. It should be our sincere endeavor not to take important decisions while in doubtful mindset.


In essence, if we want to live peacefully at our homes, society or anything else, it is must that we become adaptive to change. Nursing doubt will make us a doubtful character to whom nobody trusts. Doubting others creates misconceptions, mistrust and a lot of misgivings and with this sort of mindset will not in anyway. Rather, the society as large will not trust us since trust is  two way traffic.  Generation of mutual trust cannot happen in isolation. Rather no healthy relations could be established with lingering doubt at each other.


Doubtlessly, man is a social animal and can exist only when lingering doubt is mitigated / alleviated with enough of trust, faith and goodwill for each other. Doubt creates chasm/gulf which become impediment in bridging the gap between people with diverse cultural modes of behavior, caste, religion, language barriers, regional differences etc.   We must have experienced and observed many a fights between communities’ result with lingering doubt on each other. With doubtful credentials, nothing moves forward – in terms of balanced behavior pattern for each other, peaceful co-existence, fellow-feeling, cooperation etc. If specter of doubt creates in doubtful peaceful existence then why should we make it (doubt) a habit? Why we should we not discard it for good for living a life surfeit of trust, of course,  bereft of misgiving.


Factually and importantly, living with cooperation, sharing each other’s good and  bad happenings (it may be man-made or natural calamities) will enhance mutual trust and cooperation/team work which will facilitate creating wellness all around and help depletion of misgivings.  Since doubt creates distrust and distrust creates suspicion and becomes a recipe for hindrance in upward mobility of a society. And while suspicion pervades, there is air of negativity in the air and negativity, as we all know, prevents mutual trust to take root.


Doubt or suspicion as a habit is like a slow poison which not only adversely impacts the person concerned but also people around him. It spreads very fast and creates ethical and moral pollution and with its addiction, we cannot have forward movement in any field. In an air of suspicion and uncertainty, everybody becomes whimsical and unpredictable due to which there is an air of trust deficit. When every one suspects each other, we can imagine its fallouts in the society as a whole. There would not a fellow feeling for each other.


 The ill-effects of doubt are many. Skepticism is just like a harmful weed which grows in the crops and spreads like a wild-fire thus harming other plants – the entire crop will give less produce since this toxic weed have taken away almost all the nutrients from the land thus thriving more and more. Similar is the case with the doubt or suspicion. It is a slow poisonous and spreads with great speed.


When we have imbibe the habit of doubting on every point, then, we seek chances in doubting anything, everything and everybody! There is no limit to  being suspicious. Such a person becomes toxic and wants to spread toxicity in whatever way he can. He sees no reason why he should not do so and think why anybody should suspect his habit or behavior pattern. It is his freedom of expression and thinks that nobody else has any right to suspect his suspecting mindset.


In essence, if we want to live peace, we’ve to piece together all our efforts for removing our persisting doubt lest it becomes a cause of our down-fall. The key to remove the lingering doubt is to sit across the table, discuss the issue(s) and sort things out. Besides, our spun-out doubt (s) may be the product of our mind, therefore, we’ve to make concerted efforts to have clarity of thought and remove the grudges and remove the suspicions once for all before these gnawing doubts makes inroads in our system, thereby robbing us of a peaceful existence as well peaceful co-existence in the society.





Maa Durga has been extensively mentioned in Vedic Texts (In Rigveda & Atharvaveda)  Maa Durge too finds mention in TAITTIRIYA ARANYAKA. Whereas the name of Maa Kali finds place in Rig  Veda. Her name too appears in Shiv Purana, Bhagavat Maha Purana, Vishnu Purana, Markandeya Puran  etc.

t has been mentioned In Durga Purana that Goddess Durga  as the Eternal Truth. An epitome of Feminine Power  (Shakti),  She is in fct an  eternal  source of universe. She is both compassionate and with huge reserve of power to bestow protection to the universe as a whole.  

She is considered to be the Creator of the universe, she is the destroyer of  evil in the form of demons protects the humankinds, nurtures all living beings that is why she is also termed as Mother Nature (Mother Goddess)  etc. 

Maa Durga is creator of Universe, she is immortal and have the multifarious prowess bestowed upon Her to protect the universe including bestowing or providing  protective cover to all living beings.

She is in fact mentioned initially as Nirgun (Bereft of any form) but later on manifested as:

  • SattvikShakti: Representing creativity  and truth.
  • Rajasvik Shakti: Concentrates on action  and passion.
  • Tamasic Shakti. Deals with delusive and destructive actions.

She is also epitome of enlightened knowledge (gyana) and removes ignorance. Being protector of the entire universe, She is sought after by Gods, Demi Gods and humans to resolve intractable issues whenever needed. She possesses  various weapons with her eight arms.


Let these Nine Days wonder
Be a game-changer

This is my most sincerest prayer to Thee,
The most compassionate, Durga Maa, to the needy
But destructive of evil doers in all Her manifestations
O, the Creator and Protector of the Universe
I bow to Thee and pray reverentially
For Peace & Prosperity
Including sufficiency in Wellness for all and sundry
O My Mother Divine, the limitless power !
The most benevolent One for HER creations.

For Navratri, Nav means lasting for days nine
Ratri stands for nights
Navratri is the festival so very well-known
Wherein the devotees with so much devotion
Worship the Great Deity – the Devi Bhagwati – Mother Divine
Devotees of all hues celebrate Navratri
Which is celebrated twice in a calendar year
First, it is in the March – April, as Chaitra Navratri
Thence September – November as the Shradha Navratri
This time from 26th September 2022 onwards for days nine.

This festival has Durga Maa’s ties
The huge embodiment of power ‘Shakti’
Who eliminates the demons the unsympathetic ones
Demons who kill the hapless (Sadhus) hermits
Even while performing their sacred Yajunas- rituals
They defile the sacredness of Yajna fires
By throwing besmirching agents into the sacred fires
Like flesh and filth of all kinds.

Goddess Durga in her red attires
Mounted on the lion so ferocious
With all the weapons of destruction
In her possession
Hands out punishment to the devils so wicked and ruthless.

Legends about Navratri abounds
Demon king Maheshasura worshipped Lord Shiva for a long period
By which Lord Shiva granted him the boon
As Lord Shiva has the trait of getting pleased very soon
With the sincerest Bhakti of the Bhakta
With simplest items like vel patra etc
Shiva was constrained to grant Maheshasura a boon of invincibility
That nobody, not even Gods could defeat him or kill him
Thence thereafter he started killing innocents without fear of death
As he was having a boon of the Lord of all Lords.

Then this demon with his brutal prowess
Conquered the Seven World – Lokas
Including the renowned throne of Indra
The king of Heaven (Svarga) & Gods – Devas
Termed as the God of Heavens
Responsible for war, storms and rains.

Then there was discussion between the Trinity
Along with others Gods too in their company
To defeat and kill this demon turned killer and usurper
Created Maa Shakti with their combined effort
The Benevolent Mother for those who are kind to others
And killer to the brutes with a boundless powers
The Durga, the Warrior Goddess
They contributed differently in bestowing her with traits so rare.

The war between Maheshasur and Mother Divine
Which lasted for days Nine
On 9th day She killed Maheshsura the wicked one.

Navratri symbolizes the victory of good over evil
On day Ninth which is termed as Mahanavami
Nine young girls are worshipped by the devotees
These venerated young girls’ feet are washed with devotion
With fresh water and given clothes and food to eat.

The sacred earthen pot (Kalsh) full of water is established
Covered with mango leaves and a coconut
At the place where we offer our prayers/meditate.

On each of the nine days fasting is observed
Wherein devotees take fruits and milk products
To maintain purity of body and mind
Thus ensure purity of soul – which dies not.

These Nine Days personify the Nine Forms of Durga Goddesses
Navratri too is linked with fertility of land
On these days, the folks observe the fitness of the earth
By testing seed germination in the earthen pots
Devotees observe the fast for nine days with rigidity
Keeping oneself chaste in thought and action
During these days considered most holy
Which keep the mind and body full of purity.

There is another legend attached
King Daksha – the kind of Himalayan Kingdom
Was blessed with a daughter named Uma
A most beautiful one
With all the vital traits of a princess she possessed
She worshiped Lord Shiva most reverently
So that He may accept her in marriage so willingly
Having pleased Lord Shiva
She married Uma
But Alas! against the wishes of King Dhaksha.
One day King Dhaksha held a grant Yagna
With no invitation to Lord Shiva
Maa Uma wanted to join the Yagna
And all accompanying celebrations
While Lord Shiva had his own reservations
She came to attend the Yagna
Being attended by Lord Brahma and Lord Vishnu
The Lords of Creation and Evolution
Besides all the deities were in the list of invitation
King Dhaksha did not like her daughter’s presence
She felt insulted by the treatment
Meted out to her in presence of all deities
In utter anger so severest.

She jumps into Agni Kund (Fire grate) and thus got perished
A plausible reason why we call her Sati too
Lord Mahadeva (As Virbadhara) punished
King Dhaksha for this injustice meted out.

ON REBIRTH (As Parvati)
She marries Lord Shiva again
She comes to her parents’ house to stay for NINE DAYS
That is why we celebrate these Nine Days – Navratri.

Legend also it that Lord Rama
Worshiped Goddess Durega’s Nine Forms
For Nine Days with deep reverence
On day 10th Lord Rama could kill demon king Ravana
This way, 10th day is celebrated as Vijaydashami.
First three days are dedicated to Goddess Durga
In the form of child, young girl and mature woman
Representing three forms of womanhood
Symbolizing victory of evil over falsehood
Next three are dedicated to Goddess of Wealth and Prosperity
Her name is Goddess Lakshimi
Last three days are commemorated in the name of Goddess Saraswati
The Goddess of knowledge and wisdom which we acquire thru Bhakti
She is in dress, white snowy
Mounted on a white swan
The Navratri is a sign of purity in all its manifestation
Let these Nine Days be observed with great admiration
For gaining blessings from Goddess Durga.


In essence, Navratri is one of the most sacred festivals that the devotees celebrate. It is not merely celebrated by observing some particular rituals but the we live a spiritually oriented life in all manifestations during these NINE DAYS NAVRATRI.

The purpose is to follow the way of life which puts more stress on the subjective experience of sacred dimension. We undertake those karmic deeds during Navratri which transform some of the debit-karmic-deeds to credit-karmic-deeds which helps us in our personal growth and development individually and also collectively who celebrate it with religious fervor and enthusiasm. Moral and ethical values when followed sincerely could be imbibed as permanent habits to be followed in future too thus Navratri could prove to be a life-changer for the devotees since it carries the blessings of our MOTHER DIVINE.


A lighter refreshment consisting of milk made product, fruits, and nuts, keeps the body light and the digestive system gets improved thus there is a spread of fragrance of Satoguna and alleviation of Tamoguna and Rajoguna traits. The devotees observe strict fasts during the duration of Narratri. All these traits enhance the credibility of an individual devotee who observes the fasts and also offers sincere prayers during these days with utmost devotion. The fasts help us to purify our mind, provides lightness to our body provides us an opportunity to devotees for prayers to Goddess Durga Maa – an embodiment of SHAKTI or reservoir of energy.


Freedom from contaminated thoughts purifies our mind. Thus observance of fast or vrat (also means resolve) continuously for nine days brings about the stability of our mind and helps in enhancement of our concentration. Besides these, we exercise maximum restraints in our thoughts and deeds and behave in a dignified manner by remaining within confines of decency. All these facilitate generation of the feeling of love and affection for others, enhances peace and tranquility, a feeling of compassion for others and above all a Godly feeling.


Mention of Goddess Durga has been found in Vedas and Puranas. Durg was a ferocious demon and Durga, the invincible warrior who killed Durg with her immense prowess. She is the warrior Goddess since she fought evil and forces which spread death and destruction. She works for demolishing demonic forces who want to establish their writ and establish the reign of terror and mayhem amongst the society besides spreading prosperity and goodwill in general masses. She defeats mythical buffalo demon – Meheshasura who had obtained a boon of invincibility from Lord Maheshwara. She is Goddess Parvati, also termed as Durga Saptashati – the consort of Lord Shiva. With her prowess, she proved herself to be unbeatable with limitless mystical powers.


• First Day. On the first day, Mata Durga is termed as Shailputri – the daughter of Himalaya and the consort of Lord Shiva. This is the unmarried saroop of Gauri Maa.

• Second Day. Mata Durga on the second day is called as Brahmacharini which represents worship. She is the embodiment of huge reserve of power – Shakti.

• Third Day. On the third day, the Goddess is venerated as Chandraghanta. She is the embodiment of power and beauty..

• Fourth Day. On the fourth day, Maan Durga is worshipped in the form of Kushmanda – the creator of the whole universe by the power of her laughter.

• Fifth Day. Here on this day, Skandha – the main warrior of Gods’ army.

• Sixth Day. On the sixth day, Mataji takes the form of Katyayani with three eyes and four hands – all powerful and with immense grace.

• Seventh Day. On this day, Maan Durga takes the form of Kalratri – she is shown as black as dark night with four hands and makes the evil doers fearless.

• Eighth Day. On the eighth day, the Mata Durga takes the form of Maha Gauri – with beauty besides having calmness and exhibits immense wisdom.

• Ninth Day. On a ninth day, Maan Durga is worshipped as Siddidatri – with all the eight siddhis. In this form, she is worshiped by all.


Different festivals provide the devotees different lessons while the underlying message of all these festivals is to enlighten us humans to follow a path which helps us to have connectivity with Higher Self/Higher Intelligence, by following a spiritual oriented path through meditation, contemplation and prayers. The main purpose of celebration and observance of certain modes of behavior in such festivals is to keep ourselves chaste with our mind focused on God. The purpose is to focus on the special prayers and chants is to seek connectivity with God and dispel the thought of anxiety or disillusionment that pervades in our system. As there is purity of thoughts and actions during these festivals, there is every possibility for transformation and help in unfolding of spiritual life naturally.


The main purpose of celebrating the religious festivals is to seek balance in our life at the altar of God while observing all immutable laws of nature and aspire for transformation and enlightenment – journeying from one festival to another one helps the devotees to learn social etiquettes, social adaptability and finally God’s connectivity.


Different states celebrate Navratri differently but the spirit of all the celebrations is similar in nature. For example, famous ‘garva dance’ is organized in the state of Gujarat and devotional songs and dance competitions are organized in West Bengal besides prayers in the specially erected and decorated pandals is a usual phone. People visit the famous temples of Vaishno Devi in Katra (in Jammu province) besides all the temples of Goddess Durga in its different forms/manifestations attract devotees in these nine days.


The main driving force of the Navratri is to purify our thoughts and deeds thereof. In these nine days devout observe strict fasts; remain chaste and desist from telling lies. Wish that people always behave like this all the days!


The first three days are celebrated on the name of Durga Mata – Goddess with immense power. For next three days she is worshipped as spiritual wealth – Mata Lakshmi.


• Strict observance of fasts keep our digestive system in order and helps maintain our body healthy.

• Fasts help in purifying our mind because we pray Goddess continuously for nine days/nights. It also enhances our focus on the subject we contemplate for completion.

• Purification of body and mind means spiritually directed conscious mind thus a shift from negativity to positivity.

• Congregations in melas and group processions help the people to people contacts thus animosity, if any, gets obliterated and a feeling of fellow feeling and cooperation sprouts. Contact with each other enhances our outreach in the society.

• Group dances and spiritual song competitions enhance competitive spirits in the youth and also help them direct their latent energies to productive use.

• Devotees, in their zeal to show earnest desire to have total connectivity with Goddess Durgaji, offer singular devotion to Her during these auspicious days, reap the harvest of getting their problems solved and get ETERNAL PEACE in their lives as a reward of this worship.

• Devotees meet the needs of the needy during these NINE DAYS. My pray to all is to see to it that they meet the needs of others on all days and earn the goodwill of DURGA MAA – who herself is the most benevolent.

Truthfully, we can have the graces of our Divine Mother so that our problems are mitigated. When we observe fast continuously for NINE DAYS, it positively impacts our body, mind and soul and having imbibed positive traits, we can make difference in life in whatever we transact in our life.





We tend to meet different types of people. There are ones who work by heart. There are the one who work with brilliance (Intellect) while there are the ones who keep a healthy balance between innate emotion (heart) and brilliance (intellect). If these two types of traits are put together the result would be holistic or balanced growth. No single trait can change the destiny of a person. Merging of intellect and heart can complement each other and can do wonders in inculcating happy environs. A person with balanced mindset does not feel perturbed or disturbed or distracted in any situation and  condition. It  is because such a person uses both his intellect and heart. This makes such a person unique in every way.


 In this state of mind, we are at our creative best; write poetry, reflect our thoughts through painting, pen down something unique and would like to be empathetic, humane and meet others needs. In this state of mind, we feel pain while others are around us are pain. With this positive mindset, we are at the productive  best and creative best in everything we put our hands on. While we are happy and contented, we harmonize ourselves by adjusting in whatever environment we are placed.  


We should always be careful while expressing our viewpoints lest it hurts somebody’s sentiments. In other words, we’ve to be responsible for our thoughts and actions since we’ve to face the consequence of our actions. Nobody else could be held responsible for our Karmic deeds in this regard. It should be rooted in our mind that  first of all we have to understand our own self and then everything will follow; even connectivity with our Almighty God..


There are people who do not want to see us happy. They want to see us sad and disheartened. They do not want that we should have our independent thoughts and actions. Divide and rule is their strength. Then they use the strength to exploit the gullible – make us angry, destructive and oppressive. Such people teach the common people to be more aggressive in order to get things done in their favour.


One thing should never be forgotten by us and that is this life of ours is not a permanent. Its impermanency should make us realize that whatever time we live here on this earth, we should be happy, enjoying every moment which we have and also do not make others unhappy with our acts of omissions and commissions. When we are enthused, overflying with energy, we start looking after others around us too.


We should always realize that one of the best things that  bestows us eternal happiness is God’s connectivity. This connective with our Creator cannot be acquired with somebody else help. It is myself only  whose persistence can help to happen. None can  lead us to some distance but we ourselves have to cover the entire course ourselves to reach the SUPREME  SOUL. Thus create a happy ambiance for ourselves and the society at large.



In Bhagwad Gita has rightly enunciated that nobody should commit any mistake in the performance of duties towards our ancestors’ soul and the God. Those departed souls (Pitrs) for whom no Pinddaan (offering) is given, they remain in the negative region. Therefore, a person with intellect who knows the difference between right and wrong should not abstain from performing Shraaddhas for their ancestors.

This year these are observed with effect from 10th September 2022 (Saturday) and ending on 25th September 2022 (Sunday).

As a person puts on new garments after giving up old ones, the soul similarly accepts new material body after giving up the old and useless one: Bhagwad Gita.

In essence, our forefathers, due to which we are here on this beautiful earth although are not with us in flesh and blood yet their memories still remain fresh. As a mark of respect to them, we tend to reminisce them especially on special occasion termed as Shradhas.

Shraaddha has been derived from the word shradha meaning devotion or attachment. Therefore, it is the time when we show our respect to our departed souls in our own traditional way. By remembering them and doing charity, we mitigate our own persisting problems. Otherwise, we may be engulfed in the Pitru Dosha (ancestral bad tiding) which may be committed by us or by our near ancestors who no longer there with us presently.


Shraaddhas are the essential rituals lovingly conducted
By the offspring of the (Pitr) the souls who have departed
And mixed in the elements
Thay have departed from us to the lands hitherto unknown
Thus presently their sweet memories remain
To bestow us guidance
And consolation
Which we need in abundance
So that we’re delivered from the hindrances.

Now, as they have turned to Pitr (departed souls) domain
It is our duty, the bounden one
To remember their contribution
For our present position.

Besides recollection of their stellar part
To chart out a purposeful life of ours
For which they’ve contributed their mite
So, we’re duty bound to repay the debit
For bringing us to this world, so beautiful
And showing us the plays of Nature.

By observing Shraaddhas
With utmost Shradha, full devotion
We, in essence, showcase to our departed souls our love and affection
With complete faith and full of emotion at our command
So that our (Pitras) ancestors
Who might be in the dark regions
After their deaths
Are able to move from dark recesses
To the lights of the heavens
By attaining liberation or Moksha
By the performance of Shraaddhas.

Shraaddha or Shradha is the Sanskrit word which literally means Shradha or faith/belief and any act that is transacted with all the honesty and sincerity at our command according to pre-determined goal besides it has got sanctity faith/belief attached with it. Our emotional faith (Bhav) is a must for getting full benefits of the Shraaddas. Shradhas are observed for 15 days (in the Hindu month of Ashvin) termed as the Pitra Paksh Period is very auspicious to offer Pinddaan so that the departed souls may get liberation from births and deaths.

Mention of this has been in the ancient scriptures like Upnishads.

This year these are observed with effect from 10th September 2021 (Saturay)) to 25th September 2022 (Sunday). On these days, the Hindus reminisce their dead forefathers/ancestors due to which we are here on this earth. In other words, it is expression of our gratitude to our dead (Pitras) and pay them due homage for their contribution towards them. In other words, it is expression of gratitude to our ancestors (Pitrs) due to whom we are on this beautiful planet.

The Shraaddhas are observed based on the date on which our parents or grand-parents have left for their heavenly abode. The date for the shraadhas are observed based on the death anniversary – on the Shraadha Paksha (Fortnight of ancestors).

These Shraadhas are also observed after the death of an individual (after the left out ashes are immersed in the holy water of river Ganga). These Shraddhas are performed accompanied with chanting of Mantras for the departed soul. The Sharaaddha ceremonies are also performed at Kurukeshtra (A Holi place in Haryana) in a water-body where there was a huge battle between Pandavas and Kauravas and Holi Song of Bhagwad Gita originated.

The Shraaddha rituals could be performed in Gaya (Bihar) the waterless river containing Phalgu (A type of sand) but water could be extracted from any spot by digging 2-3 feet at any part of this waterless river. While I visited Gaya and offered prayers at the famous Lord Vishnu temple and performed Shraaddhas for the departed souls of my parents, my brothers and grand-parents, and of course, for my relatives and friends who had left for their heavenly abode. I was spellbound by the air of Godliness everywhere there. It is believed that Sita Maa had performed Shraaddha rituals for her father-in-law Dhashratha at Gaya. It has been mentioned in Purana in great details.

The Shraddha rituals are performed not merely for our deceased parents, grand-parents but also our close relatives including small children who departed from this earth suddenly due to sickness or due to some unfortunate accidents. As these Pitrs (departed souls) have departed to their heavenly abode or may be not got Liberation or Moksha, due to one reason or other, the Shraddha performed with wholeheartedness will help liberate these departed souls.

Shraddha rituals are conducted during Shukla Paksh and Krishna Paksh in the following way:-

• Place where these rituals are held. First of all, it is essential that the rituals are held at a place which is known for performing these sacred rituals. It could be places like banks of river Ganga, Yamuna, Gaya, Baranasi etc. For these, there is no need of appropriate time like Shraddha Period (15 days).

Pinddaan . This constitutes the offering consisting of baked rice, cow’s milk, desi ghee, honey, barley flour. All these are mixed together so as to make balls of contents as mentioned. This should be done with intense faith and belief with emotional attachment.

Tarpan. It is the offering of clean water mixed with sesame, barley, and flour; in these, Kusha (grass) forms an important part. By adopting right approach besides absolute faith and belief, our ancestors could get the benefits for their onward journey from dark or negative region to brighter one.

Offering to the Animals and birds. Before offering meals to the priests (Brahmins), it is considered a good omen or auspicious to offer the prepared vegetarian meal, prepared without use of onions and garlic, khir (prepared with cow milk, rice, sugar, dry fruits etc.) to the cows and birds. If the offering of Khir is taken by the crows, it is consider auspicious.

Feeding to the Brahmins. Subsequently, the prepared meal is offered to the priests (Brahmins) with utmost reverence and emotional faith.

Clothes and donation. After Priti-Bhoj to the Brahmins, they are offered clothes and cash so as to cover their expenses to reach the place of Shraaddha rituals.


It goes without saying that anything performed with utmost devotion and singleness of purpose, will surely and without shred of doubt gives us benefit. But it should be done with total focus and devotion. Benefits of Shraddhas are:-

• In essence, what happens to the departed soul depends on the karmic deeds or misdeeds the particular individual has done while living in flesh and blood on this earth. It has been mentioned in scriptures that after the death the purvaj may not get final deliverance (antim mukti), for this performance of Pinddaan while observing all the steps in the rituals will help the Mukti of Atma of Pitr; if it is not done already according to the Karma or deeds/actions while ling.

• When we perform all the rituals in connection with the observance of Shraddha rituals like invoking God with spiritual emotion, the connectivity with God and our Pitras (Ancestors for whom rituals are being performed). Not only the person performing such rituals are benefited but also the deceased soul.

• Shraddhas are the re-payment of debt for what they (Our Pitrs departed souls) have done for us by showing us the path including transferring the family traditions and value system to us. This is also an opportunity to offer gratefulness to our ancestors, family deities and the God including our Gurus who have shown us the purpose of life to us.

• Shraaddhas help the Pitrs (deceased relatives) to move from Pitru areas (which are considered as negative regions) to higher plane for them. For this reasons may be any – may be lesser Karmic Credit during their life-time.

• When the departed souls get their share of Pinddaan along with other important ingredients like black sesame seeds, Kusha, rice floor balls etc. including the emotionally surcharged faith/belief.

• When Shraaddhas are not done for a deceased soul (Pitrs), then that Pitr remains trapped between real world and the heavenly abode.

• Those who do not perform Shraaddhas of the departed souls, it is believed that they get entangled in the Pitru Dosha like: 1. Remaining ill 2. A life bereft of peace and prosperity.3. Abnormal birth of children. 4. The family members may indulge in gambling, addiction to drinking or drugs etc.

It should never be forgotten that the benefits of conducting Shraaddhas not only to the deceased Pitrs but also to the person perform the rituals in a systematic and with complete devotion and singleness of purpose. It should be construed as the responsibility of the offspring to offer Shraaddha to his/her deceased ancestors for their ultimate liberation (Moksha).



As a mark of respect to teachers, Dr. S. Radhakrishnan had rightly asserted ‘Instead of celebrating my birthday,  it would be my proud privilege if 5th September is observed as Teachers’ Day’.

In Sikhism, the teachers has been given a credible place. He is termed as a sage with such attributes can fit the description of a true Guru. A true teacher remains absorbed in self improvement and remains in constant remembrance of the Supreme. He is satisfied in every circumstance and participates in holy congregations too.

A true preacher is knowledgeable, able, remains immersed in spiritual oriented pursuits thus transforms the lives of  the people.

In Bhagwad Gita, it has rightly been said that we should learn the Truth through a spiritual master or a Guru. We  should resolve all our doubts but while doing so, we shouldpay him respect and serve him the way we can. Such a enlightened soul can impart us knowledge from the reservoir of information he has attained over a period of time.

Bible gives too much credence to traits of an ideal teacher. A teacher should showcase integrity, righteousness and soundness of thoughts and actions while teaching the students. In everything set them an example by doing what is good. In your teaching show integrity, seriousness and soundness of speech that cannot be condemned, so that those who oppose you may be ashamed because they have nothing bad to say about us.



An ideal teacher is a invaluable gift of our Creator
Since this priceless gift of God builds the character of the pupils so solid
So that the students face the challenges of life with fortitude.

An ideal teacher quenches the thirst of knowledge of his disciples analytically
Imparts needed education with a great sense of responsibility
By going deeper into the subject matter objectively
Thus making learning & teaching process an exercise so easy
Thus inculcating holistic growth & development so that his pupils face life’s challenges effectively.

An ideal teacher gives meaningful tasks to his students
In the class-room settings even while pursuing online classes
Or through home assignments to keep his students updated
Thus making the teaching a fascinating exercise.

An ideal teacher takes online teaching
As an alternative to formal schooling
In the Covid-19 pandemic situation
Thus ensure transformation of students’ education
According to the change in prevailing condition.

An ideal teacher is a human being who is kind-hearted and humane to the core
Imparts and spreads awareness amongst students with head and heart.

An ideal teacher exhibits traits of tenderness & gentleness in abundance
And ensures that likewise these good traits with heavy dose of patience
The teacher puts in his students with a heavy dose of tolerance.

An ideal teacher has a huge reservoir of endurance
And tries imbibing the same in his students along with resilience.

An ideal teacher has attitude bereft of any discrimination
Against his pupils, with whom he teaches with utmost concern.

An ideal teacher posses sincere attributes with a firm belief system to follow
So that students absorb goodness and excellence in every way.

An ideal teacher inculcates the traits of compatibility
So that his students could adjust in any territory.

An ideal teacher is the modest and free of any egocentric tendencies
And expects these traits in his students..

An ideal teacher teaches the art of diplomacy in day-to-day existence
So that for getting their things done they do not follow the path of violence.

An ideal teacher removes the ignorance of the learners
And infuses enlightenment with self-belief and self-confidence
And transforms his raw pupils who changes according to the changed circumstances.

An ideal teacher, of necessity, should lay a solid foundation
So that the students can weather all storms which may come in the lives of their students.

An ideal teacher adopts different methodologies to set right the weak areas
Of his students to the best of his/her capacities and capabilities.

An ideal teacher teaches the value of innovations
With a lot of motivational appreciations
As and when needed most essentially.
An ideal teacher is firm like a rock when need be
But soft like ice when needed hugely.

An ideal teacher has the genteel outlook with pleasing personality
Impresses the students with the lessons imparted so diligently.

An ideal teacher is sought after by the students personally
Because of his method of making even a most difficult lesson look so easy.

An ideal teachers uses trial and error method, so skillfully
Or through subject interaction technique so adeptly
Or Froebel method of freedom to act in a stimulating ambience
Or Montessori’s method tells us about the atmosphere so serene
With stress on social justice and community justice and fair-play
Method may be any, but spirit of teaching remains the same
The ideal teacher ensures that his students get enlightened in every way.

An ideal teacher teaches through discussions and collaborations
With each other for knowledge dissemination
Or through knowledge gained through experimentation
In a variety of situations and conditions.

Teaching could be by a formal teacher in the formal institute
Or informally through any informal institutions
Like temple, mosques, and churches so pious
The purpose is to disseminate instructions

To make huge difference in the students life surely
So that they get indepth know-how to face the life squarely.

An ideal teacher is resilient and infuses resiliency
Since greatness comes with the traits of flexibility.

O my God, please do help the educators
To realize his/her dream of shaping the destinies of his learners
So that when they grow up they become a better person
Who gets adaptive in any circumstances with positive disposition.


As a great teacher, Lord Krishna exhorts his disciple Arjuna to cut doubts that have developed in his heart, burn the ignorance with the sword of knowledge (Jnana) while taking shelter in Yoga of action.


Teachers’ Day is being celebrated on 5th September as a tribute to Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, a thinker, philosopher, a most proficient statesman besides a learner of repute. He was born on 5th September 1888. While his admirers requested him to celebrate his birthday, he replied that he would consider himself more honoured if his birthday is observed and celebrated as ‘TEACHERS DAY’ which is according being done.


It is worth mentioning about his early life. He did his Masters in Philosophy, thereafter, became professor of Philosophy at Madras Presidency College. He was appointed King George V Chair of Mental and Moral Science at University of Calcutta. He is well known for his knowledge of scriptures and known as 20th Century philosopher of Comparative Religion and Philosophy. He became Vice Chancellor of AP University in 1931 and also VC of Banaras Hindu University. He also taught Eastern Religions and Ethics at Oxford University besides being appointed Haskell lecturer in Comparative Religion at University of Chicago.


He was not having much experience in politics and that is why he is referred to as the politician in shadow. He became the Vice President of India in 1952 and subsequently as the President. His insightful treasure of critical study of Indian Philosophy is worth mentioning. That is why we consider him a great thinker and philosopher. His philosophy was grounded in Advaita Vedanta. He proved to be a bridge between the East and the West.


I was obviously pained after observing the unethical and un-teacher-like attitude of an educator. A teacher should impart knowledge without any discrimination. For a teacher, every student is a learner and should try hard in removing ignorance and disseminate know-how. A teacher who is unbiased and imparts education to all without any ulterior consideration is precious – a gift of God. 


In essence, the teachers could be very rightly construed as the builders of a Nation as they assist the students in drawing out their inner potentials thus shape their future. The ideal teachers are the ones who exert sincerely and find out potentials and weak areas of all the students in the class and devise various methodologies in bridging the gap besides inculcating discipline and cooperation fervor amongst the students.


Importance of ideal teacher, as a national builder, although is acknowledged and appreciated, yet, one thing that needs to be remembered is that a teacher should be dispassionate or unbiased in attitude towards all the students. A good teacher should command respect from the students, exhibit the high sense of integrity, should be a unifying force and above all should be unbiased. For a teacher, all the students are equal and necessarily need attention equally while clarifying all the concept queries of all the students.


It should be kept in mind that knowledge has no limits. When we learn one thing, there is yet another thing to be learned. A teacher who enhances his knowledge and keeps himself updated on variety of things can quench the thirst of his students in a meaningful way. It should be kept in mind that now a days, the students can get knowledge from a variety of sources; net connectivity, media etc. yet, the knowledge imparted by the teacher is second to none, it has the formal stamp of authority and wisdom along with heavy dose of love and affection. 


The teacher or a Guru should be knowledgeable, unbiased, compassionate, and his only intention should be to teach the students and make them a true citizens so as to face the vicissitudes of life confidently that is. learn to be adaptive to the changed circumstances and  face the challenges in life with belief and confidence.


The Guru (teacher) Shishya (pupil) tradition (parampara) is quite old in the Indian context. In Upanishads, the mention of Gurukulas have been made; here the progenies of the ruling classes and others used to get spiritual knowledge about scriptures such as Vedas, Puranas, Upanishads etc. The age group for this purpose used to be from 8 to 12 years. Besides, scriptural knowledge, the pupils (shishya) used to get weapon training too.For instance, there were Gurukul run by Drona to impart knowledge about scriptures and weapons – as imparted to Pandavas (of which Dhanushdhari Arjuna is the more pronounced one). Then there were discourses on the Brahman In Guru Varuni’s Gurukul on Indian traditions.

I am of the opinion that a true teacher is a person with humane touch and should possess the following traits:

A teacher bestows knowledge about art and craft, gives lessons in history, geography, philosophy, literature, religious teachings, science and technology and other disciplines.

  • A teacher or a preacher or a Guru also imparts spiritual wisdom thus changing the lives of his disciples for a holistic growth.
  • A true teacher remains a student forever and instructs his disciples to be a seeker of knowledge for good.
  • A true teacher imparts knowledge without any favoritism.
  • A true teacher remains assessing his students’ capabilities, so that instructions he imparts are understood clearly by his students.
  • A true teacher knows the performance of his students fully. He imparts students who are weaker in studies especially so that they too can adjust with students with sharper intellect not merely agreed and prescribed curricula but also let the students to be inquisitive.
  • A true teacher goes beyond formal teaching but also explains quoting all the relevant examples so as to make his students knowledgeable.
  • A true teacher raises the methodology of teaching to make his studies more interesting and purposeful.
  • A true teacher  not merely takes care of the set of courses prescribed but also takes care about their health and wellness; by pursuing extracurricular activities too for a holistic growth.
  • A true teacher not only imparts theoretical instructions but also encourages them to make the instructions applicable in the lives of the students.
  • A true teacher helps the students to be disciplined, cooperative, and socially adaptive to change thus become a productive instrument of change for better future for all societies.
  • A true teacher moulds the destinies of his students with his teachings so that when he grows up, he faces life’s challenges with confidence.
  • A true teacher inculcates positive traits in his students.

Conclusively, it could be said, a teacher is an essential part of any society, who changes the destinies of the students in the way considered most appropriate in accordance with change in time and space,/situations and conditions. Besides an ideal teacher is himself a student forever. A true teacher is righteous, forthright with qualities of patience, tolerance. Persistence and perseverance and he infuses these traits in his students too.


Caring for the elderly senior citizens

The Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary defines a senior citizen (US) an elderly person over 65 of age who is retired and living on pension. In Indian contest, the law enshrines a senior citizen any person, a citizen of India who has attained the age of 60 years or above. As per the population data of 2011 census there are around 104 million elderly persons aging 60 years and above.

As per United Nation Organization (UNO) population fund and help India report, it suggests that the number of elderly person is expected to go up to 173 million ending year 2026. From year 1961 to 2011 (50 years span), the increased percentage has jumped from 5.6% to 8.6% which is astonishing and alarming too. The elderly report 2016 reveals that 715 of the population reside in rural areas whereas 29% inhabit in the urban areas. In rural areas 66% elderly are men and around 11% women working within 60 to 65 years age group.

The reports further reveal that 76% persons are quoted married while 22%  are widowed or divorced per elderly in India ending year 2016. With the passing years vis a vis inadequate caring the elderly persons are prone to multihued diseases e.g. Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Mental ailments owing to anxiety and depression leading to the eventualities of death. At this crucial dilemma, more intensive care is warranted for the elderly persons which, ifsoacto is not so. The scenario is painful and dismaying.

All through toiling life span, elderly persons sacrifice every bit for their siblings which ultimately go on diminishing and flicking and they tend to reach to dead end of the tunnel. They have to face a multitude challenges despite the fact that their siblings are well established and can look after them. The agony and pain they suffer stings them beyond imagination. This sad state of utter neglect follows their all hopes and aspirations and tears rolled in isolation and they have to solely solace themselves.

As per the policy of government, euphemism is warranted to the senior citizens are elders. These include physical, mental and physiological cares elevating from emotion stress else they are prone to anxiety, depression and age old ailments of multihued manifestations. But ironically, these grey citizens are facing a plethora of physiological and emotional distress, isolation and dependency thereby worsening the age old agonizing dilemma.

Compare to last century, there had been a steady rise in the population of elderly people owing to age longevity, decreased death rate and above all advancement in the field of medicines that way there had been an increase in the life expectancy. As per UN population report, number of elderly person above 60 years. In India will increase from 100 hundred million at present to more than 325 million ending year 2050.It has also pointed out that elderly person over 80 years of age shall be seven fold and India shall be second most age old country in the world. The figure reflect a gloomy scenario in the sense that 50 to55 million people sleep as hungry stomach every night and around 10-15 million people in India are blind and out of those 80% are elderly. Moreover elderly population of 60 years and above account for 7.5%-8% in Jammu and Kashmir alone.

In the changing social milieu, the younger generation is subject to search avenues for economic dependence for the elderly/ senior citizen when all doors seem to be shut owing to inadequate job avenue despite having their higher qualification and claim both in the professional training and allied expertise. With mounting urbanization coupled with modernization in unison are abysmally eating human values in more than one way leave aside caring for the elderly are the senior citizens.

Right from the day a child is born, the parents leave no stone unturned for the well beings and the best for their upbringings he or she should be left behind insofar as educational and extracurricular activities are concerned. And for such conscientious parents the hopes and aspirations do not make a stop. They put in the best of their efforts to make their famed brain to foreign drain; we call this as brain drain thus depriving their motherland and landing on foreign soil for better pay and perks with indelible stamp of being exported. The irony behind is that those who did all their dints in encountering all oddities and squabbles are their elderly parents or to say senior citizens. The so departed souls forget their culture, traditions and other rituals to the extent of their centuries old ethics and ethos.

 Does our education system inculcate this sort of way out of demeaning of demeanor? Why those who fed and cared for are being fended and left in lurch at the mercy of god. This is much more irony of any kind. The teacher and the taught should reciprocally interact so that our progeny picks up the thread for caring their oldies and for all in respecting and caring for senior citizens.

The author is Former Dy. Conservator of forest, J&K

Mob: 9797683140