MAY THIS NAVRATRI BESTOWS US ALL PEACE & PROSPERITY
MENTION OF MAA DURGA IN VEDIC TEXTS
Maa Durga has been extensively mentioned in Vedic Texts (In Rigveda & Atharvaveda) Maa Durge too finds mention in TAITTIRIYA ARANYAKA. Whereas the name of Maa Kali finds place in Rig Veda. Her name too appears in Shiv Purana, Bhagavat Maha Purana, Vishnu Purana, Markandeya Puran etc.
t has been mentioned In Durga Purana that Goddess Durga as the Eternal Truth. An epitome of Feminine Power (Shakti), She is in fct an eternal source of universe. She is both compassionate and with huge reserve of power to bestow protection to the universe as a whole.
She is considered to be the Creator of the universe, she is the destroyer of evil in the form of demons protects the humankinds, nurtures all living beings that is why she is also termed as Mother Nature (Mother Goddess) etc.
Maa Durga is creator of Universe, she is immortal and have the multifarious prowess bestowed upon Her to protect the universe including bestowing or providing protective cover to all living beings.
She is in fact mentioned initially as Nirgun (Bereft of any form) but later on manifested as:
- SattvikShakti: Representing creativity and truth.
- Rajasvik Shakti: Concentrates on action and passion.
- Tamasic Shakti. Deals with delusive and destructive actions.
She is also epitome of enlightened knowledge (gyana) and removes ignorance. Being protector of the entire universe, She is sought after by Gods, Demi Gods and humans to resolve intractable issues whenever needed. She possesses various weapons with her eight arms.
Let these Nine Days wonder
Be a game-changer
This is my most sincerest prayer to Thee,
The most compassionate, Durga Maa, to the needy
But destructive of evil doers in all Her manifestations
O, the Creator and Protector of the Universe
I bow to Thee and pray reverentially
For Peace & Prosperity
Including sufficiency in Wellness for all and sundry
O My Mother Divine, the limitless power !
The most benevolent One for HER creations.
For Navratri, Nav means lasting for days nine
Ratri stands for nights
Navratri is the festival so very well-known
Wherein the devotees with so much devotion
Worship the Great Deity – the Devi Bhagwati – Mother Divine
Devotees of all hues celebrate Navratri
Which is celebrated twice in a calendar year
First, it is in the March – April, as Chaitra Navratri
Thence September – November as the Shradha Navratri
This time from 26th September 2022 onwards for days nine.
This festival has Durga Maa’s ties
The huge embodiment of power ‘Shakti’
Who eliminates the demons the unsympathetic ones
Demons who kill the hapless (Sadhus) hermits
Even while performing their sacred Yajunas- rituals
They defile the sacredness of Yajna fires
By throwing besmirching agents into the sacred fires
Like flesh and filth of all kinds.
Goddess Durga in her red attires
Mounted on the lion so ferocious
With all the weapons of destruction
In her possession
Hands out punishment to the devils so wicked and ruthless.
Legends about Navratri abounds
Demon king Maheshasura worshipped Lord Shiva for a long period
By which Lord Shiva granted him the boon
As Lord Shiva has the trait of getting pleased very soon
With the sincerest Bhakti of the Bhakta
With simplest items like vel patra etc
Shiva was constrained to grant Maheshasura a boon of invincibility
That nobody, not even Gods could defeat him or kill him
Thence thereafter he started killing innocents without fear of death
As he was having a boon of the Lord of all Lords.
Then this demon with his brutal prowess
Conquered the Seven World – Lokas
Including the renowned throne of Indra
The king of Heaven (Svarga) & Gods – Devas
Termed as the God of Heavens
Responsible for war, storms and rains.
Then there was discussion between the Trinity
Along with others Gods too in their company
To defeat and kill this demon turned killer and usurper
Created Maa Shakti with their combined effort
The Benevolent Mother for those who are kind to others
And killer to the brutes with a boundless powers
The Durga, the Warrior Goddess
They contributed differently in bestowing her with traits so rare.
The war between Maheshasur and Mother Divine
Which lasted for days Nine
On 9th day She killed Maheshsura the wicked one.
Navratri symbolizes the victory of good over evil
On day Ninth which is termed as Mahanavami
Nine young girls are worshipped by the devotees
These venerated young girls’ feet are washed with devotion
With fresh water and given clothes and food to eat.
The sacred earthen pot (Kalsh) full of water is established
Covered with mango leaves and a coconut
At the place where we offer our prayers/meditate.
On each of the nine days fasting is observed
Wherein devotees take fruits and milk products
To maintain purity of body and mind
Thus ensure purity of soul – which dies not.
These Nine Days personify the Nine Forms of Durga Goddesses
Navratri too is linked with fertility of land
On these days, the folks observe the fitness of the earth
By testing seed germination in the earthen pots
Devotees observe the fast for nine days with rigidity
Keeping oneself chaste in thought and action
During these days considered most holy
Which keep the mind and body full of purity.
There is another legend attached
King Daksha – the kind of Himalayan Kingdom
Was blessed with a daughter named Uma
A most beautiful one
With all the vital traits of a princess she possessed
She worshiped Lord Shiva most reverently
So that He may accept her in marriage so willingly
Having pleased Lord Shiva
She married Uma
But Alas! against the wishes of King Dhaksha.
One day King Dhaksha held a grant Yagna
With no invitation to Lord Shiva
Maa Uma wanted to join the Yagna
And all accompanying celebrations
While Lord Shiva had his own reservations
She came to attend the Yagna
Being attended by Lord Brahma and Lord Vishnu
The Lords of Creation and Evolution
Besides all the deities were in the list of invitation
King Dhaksha did not like her daughter’s presence
She felt insulted by the treatment
Meted out to her in presence of all deities
In utter anger so severest.
She jumps into Agni Kund (Fire grate) and thus got perished
A plausible reason why we call her Sati too
Lord Mahadeva (As Virbadhara) punished
King Dhaksha for this injustice meted out.
ON REBIRTH (As Parvati)
She marries Lord Shiva again
She comes to her parents’ house to stay for NINE DAYS
That is why we celebrate these Nine Days – Navratri.
Legend also it that Lord Rama
Worshiped Goddess Durega’s Nine Forms
For Nine Days with deep reverence
On day 10th Lord Rama could kill demon king Ravana
This way, 10th day is celebrated as Vijaydashami.
First three days are dedicated to Goddess Durga
In the form of child, young girl and mature woman
Representing three forms of womanhood
Symbolizing victory of evil over falsehood
Next three are dedicated to Goddess of Wealth and Prosperity
Her name is Goddess Lakshimi
Last three days are commemorated in the name of Goddess Saraswati
The Goddess of knowledge and wisdom which we acquire thru Bhakti
She is in dress, white snowy
Mounted on a white swan
The Navratri is a sign of purity in all its manifestation
Let these Nine Days be observed with great admiration
For gaining blessings from Goddess Durga.
HAPPY NAVRATRI TO ALL
In essence, Navratri is one of the most sacred festivals that the devotees celebrate. It is not merely celebrated by observing some particular rituals but the we live a spiritually oriented life in all manifestations during these NINE DAYS NAVRATRI.
The purpose is to follow the way of life which puts more stress on the subjective experience of sacred dimension. We undertake those karmic deeds during Navratri which transform some of the debit-karmic-deeds to credit-karmic-deeds which helps us in our personal growth and development individually and also collectively who celebrate it with religious fervor and enthusiasm. Moral and ethical values when followed sincerely could be imbibed as permanent habits to be followed in future too thus Navratri could prove to be a life-changer for the devotees since it carries the blessings of our MOTHER DIVINE.
OBSERVATION OF FAST
A lighter refreshment consisting of milk made product, fruits, and nuts, keeps the body light and the digestive system gets improved thus there is a spread of fragrance of Satoguna and alleviation of Tamoguna and Rajoguna traits. The devotees observe strict fasts during the duration of Narratri. All these traits enhance the credibility of an individual devotee who observes the fasts and also offers sincere prayers during these days with utmost devotion. The fasts help us to purify our mind, provides lightness to our body provides us an opportunity to devotees for prayers to Goddess Durga Maa – an embodiment of SHAKTI or reservoir of energy.
FREEDOM FROM CONTAMINATED THOUGHTS AND ACTIONS
Freedom from contaminated thoughts purifies our mind. Thus observance of fast or vrat (also means resolve) continuously for nine days brings about the stability of our mind and helps in enhancement of our concentration. Besides these, we exercise maximum restraints in our thoughts and deeds and behave in a dignified manner by remaining within confines of decency. All these facilitate generation of the feeling of love and affection for others, enhances peace and tranquility, a feeling of compassion for others and above all a Godly feeling.
MENTION OF GODDESS DURA IN VEDIC AND PURANIC PERIODS
Mention of Goddess Durga has been found in Vedas and Puranas. Durg was a ferocious demon and Durga, the invincible warrior who killed Durg with her immense prowess. She is the warrior Goddess since she fought evil and forces which spread death and destruction. She works for demolishing demonic forces who want to establish their writ and establish the reign of terror and mayhem amongst the society besides spreading prosperity and goodwill in general masses. She defeats mythical buffalo demon – Meheshasura who had obtained a boon of invincibility from Lord Maheshwara. She is Goddess Parvati, also termed as Durga Saptashati – the consort of Lord Shiva. With her prowess, she proved herself to be unbeatable with limitless mystical powers.
SIGNIFICANCE OF EACH OF NINE DAYS
• First Day. On the first day, Mata Durga is termed as Shailputri – the daughter of Himalaya and the consort of Lord Shiva. This is the unmarried saroop of Gauri Maa.
• Second Day. Mata Durga on the second day is called as Brahmacharini which represents worship. She is the embodiment of huge reserve of power – Shakti.
• Third Day. On the third day, the Goddess is venerated as Chandraghanta. She is the embodiment of power and beauty..
• Fourth Day. On the fourth day, Maan Durga is worshipped in the form of Kushmanda – the creator of the whole universe by the power of her laughter.
• Fifth Day. Here on this day, Skandha – the main warrior of Gods’ army.
• Sixth Day. On the sixth day, Mataji takes the form of Katyayani with three eyes and four hands – all powerful and with immense grace.
• Seventh Day. On this day, Maan Durga takes the form of Kalratri – she is shown as black as dark night with four hands and makes the evil doers fearless.
• Eighth Day. On the eighth day, the Mata Durga takes the form of Maha Gauri – with beauty besides having calmness and exhibits immense wisdom.
• Ninth Day. On a ninth day, Maan Durga is worshipped as Siddidatri – with all the eight siddhis. In this form, she is worshiped by all.
LESSONS LEARNED FROM THE NAVRATRI FESTIVAL
Different festivals provide the devotees different lessons while the underlying message of all these festivals is to enlighten us humans to follow a path which helps us to have connectivity with Higher Self/Higher Intelligence, by following a spiritual oriented path through meditation, contemplation and prayers. The main purpose of celebration and observance of certain modes of behavior in such festivals is to keep ourselves chaste with our mind focused on God. The purpose is to focus on the special prayers and chants is to seek connectivity with God and dispel the thought of anxiety or disillusionment that pervades in our system. As there is purity of thoughts and actions during these festivals, there is every possibility for transformation and help in unfolding of spiritual life naturally.
WE CELEBRATE NAVRATRI IN ORDER TO GET BALANCED MINDSET
The main purpose of celebrating the religious festivals is to seek balance in our life at the altar of God while observing all immutable laws of nature and aspire for transformation and enlightenment – journeying from one festival to another one helps the devotees to learn social etiquettes, social adaptability and finally God’s connectivity.
SPIRIT OF CELEBRATION REMAINS BASICALLY THE SAME FOR ALL
Different states celebrate Navratri differently but the spirit of all the celebrations is similar in nature. For example, famous ‘garva dance’ is organized in the state of Gujarat and devotional songs and dance competitions are organized in West Bengal besides prayers in the specially erected and decorated pandals is a usual phone. People visit the famous temples of Vaishno Devi in Katra (in Jammu province) besides all the temples of Goddess Durga in its different forms/manifestations attract devotees in these nine days.
PURITY IN THOUGHTS AND ACTIONS IS BASIC
The main driving force of the Navratri is to purify our thoughts and deeds thereof. In these nine days devout observe strict fasts; remain chaste and desist from telling lies. Wish that people always behave like this all the days!
FIRST THREE DAYS ARE CELEBRATED FOR DURGA MATA
The first three days are celebrated on the name of Durga Mata – Goddess with immense power. For next three days she is worshipped as spiritual wealth – Mata Lakshmi.
MAIN THINGS TO BE KEPT IN MIND WHILE CELEBRATING NAVRATRI
• Strict observance of fasts keep our digestive system in order and helps maintain our body healthy.
• Fasts help in purifying our mind because we pray Goddess continuously for nine days/nights. It also enhances our focus on the subject we contemplate for completion.
• Purification of body and mind means spiritually directed conscious mind thus a shift from negativity to positivity.
• Congregations in melas and group processions help the people to people contacts thus animosity, if any, gets obliterated and a feeling of fellow feeling and cooperation sprouts. Contact with each other enhances our outreach in the society.
• Group dances and spiritual song competitions enhance competitive spirits in the youth and also help them direct their latent energies to productive use.
• Devotees, in their zeal to show earnest desire to have total connectivity with Goddess Durgaji, offer singular devotion to Her during these auspicious days, reap the harvest of getting their problems solved and get ETERNAL PEACE in their lives as a reward of this worship.
• Devotees meet the needs of the needy during these NINE DAYS. My pray to all is to see to it that they meet the needs of others on all days and earn the goodwill of DURGA MAA – who herself is the most benevolent.
Truthfully, we can have the graces of our Divine Mother so that our problems are mitigated. When we observe fast continuously for NINE DAYS, it positively impacts our body, mind and soul and having imbibed positive traits, we can make difference in life in whatever we transact in our life.
MAY THY BLESSINGS REMAIN ON ALL OF US EVER