Violence is willful use of force with an intention to inflict pain and discomfort on the victim thus throwing all tenets of moral courage and moral turpitude to winds besides violence born out of greed for material prosperity (by any means), an insatiable over-ambition for power and pelf.

Humans have evolved since stone-age but the violence has overtaken evolution in humans. Violence has made inroads in our psyche, impacting us physically and psychologically.

It has also been observed that an honest person while on the pursuit of truth has to face violence from the adversaries. Violence results when inherent goodness of man is overshadowed by evil forces, cowardice and morality take back seat. In fact sanity and understanding are hugely needed virtues in today’s chaotic world.

We can witness on the social media the incidents where hit and run incidences or indiscriminate shooting incidents by the school children resulting in killing and still more violence.

In fact a silliest and inconsequential alleged cause could snowball into a huge conflagration.   Answering violence with more violence is uncalled for and needs to be condoned rather than given more air.

We are dismayed at the insecurity that a normal person feels while walking on the busiest streets. Law breakers get away with impunity even after committing heinous crimes in broad day light with everybody watching but alas none comes to the rescue of the victim!

The malady of violence has seeped into our younger lots. Society has become more violent today than ever. Reason could be any for the violence for spewing hatred; the common man becomes a fodder of violence that prevails.

Actually more reliance on material possessions have made us selfish, insensitive bereft of any pity, compassion, love and affection. Exploitations in various forms are practiced in all walks of life. Humane considerations and emotions have taken a back seat in this rate race of one-upmanship for power and pulf. Although rationalism has been given more credence soft emotions do not find place in the scheme of things.


It may sound rather strange, but it is a fact that amongst the causes of violence, religion based violence has the dubious distinction of leading the causes. It should never be forgotten that religion and spirituality are the binding forces which unite us with our Creator. Different religions are different means to reach to our destination – our Lord but when people interpret religious scriptures suiting their narrow ends then there is violence and bad feeling amongst people. If wisdom prevails, no religion worth its name professes violence to reach to our Bhagwan.

All the religious philosophers, scriptures and religious preacher have emphatically stressed that all the religions have the same goal but may be different methods of doing so but is this being followed threadbare?


To top it all, surprisingly, people fight in the name of religion. It is their woeful reflection of their lack of understanding of religions which preach us to have compassion and understanding for others. It should never be forgotten that religions are the pathways to our Creator. All the creations are the embodiments / manifestation of God. If we love God then we’ve to love His creations.


Amongst many nations there is a prevalent lust for more power, sphere of influence, hedgemonistic approach, will to subjugate the smaller nations to prove supremacy. For achieving these goals, the nations remain at the logger heads with each other bringing about deaths and destruction.

Then nuclear weapons in the hands of some nations have become such a destructive agent. If these weapons fall in wrong hands (terrorist etc), then, God be our savior? Having suffered so much in World Wars I & II, besides regional wars ,we seem to have learnt no lessons at all. Recent terrorist attacks on the life and property in different cities around the world has taken huge toll already and is still woefully taking. When this mayhem and violence will stop, there is no ray of hope!


Reasons may be; not giving quality time to the children because of their pre-occupations with jobs, more exposure to internet etc that these children who should have been given value education know more about how to download contents like use of profane/slang language, criminal activities shown etc by these the impressionable minds are adversely affected. Whatever they see in their downloads from net, they want to experiment what they see in the downloads! Yet we accept all these things in a spirit of resignation. It should never be forgotten that violence makes residency in the hearts and minds of the people. A slightest provocation may trigger violence.

A few days back, two children in the age groups of 9 – 10 years of age assaulted a young man of 23 years of age with a broken beer bottle and slit his throat. He bled to his death on the pavement itself. There was none to carry this hapless victim to hospital! So insensitive, we’ve grown. A fight on a most trivial matter could result in murders when situation goes out of control.


Without regard to any relationship, when we resort to a forcible sexual act or A forcible sexual act or immoral sexual comment, or resort to unethical and unnatural advances towards somebody without somebody’s consent, it is termed as sexual violence. The violence related to sex, using force by any person regardless of relationship to the victim. It may be sexual sexual violence against spouse as a matter of right. It has been experienced that it has negative long term and short term implications on the victims. This is an atrocious violence leading to psychological and physical consequences. We have many cases of sexual violence and are taken in the category of domestic violence. Prevalent customs too are responsible where men are considered entitled to sex with the partner with or without her consent. Then there are cases of child abuse.
We know the case of Aruna Shanbaug, a nurse in Mumbai who was assaulted by a ward boy 42 years back. She remained in coma for about 42 years. She was nursed and fed by others at Parel’s KEM Hospital. She dies a few days back after remaining in vegetative state.

Interpersonal violence : Family violence. In interpersonal violence. Treatment that we give to our partner, treatment during and at the time of delivery to the spouse, sexual abuse etc. The household remains in turmoil till such time peace prevails between the couples. If peace is absent, then not only the couple but also children suffer the consequences of this discord.


Though causes of self-inflicted violence in the form of suicide or even thought of committing it falls under the category of violence yet these do not stand moral or ethical standpoint. For example, people know smoking is harmful or becoming addicted to drugs, drinking and excessive of it leads to dangerous physical and psychological consequences. Thus self inflicted injury by any intent or action is violence.


Child abuse is said to have happened when the parents due to their acts of omissions and commissions cause injury, death or emotional These violence are in the form of exploitation of children, neglecting their upbringing, bodily or sexual abuse etc. causing physical and mental consequences to the children. In our neighbourhood or locality, we must have seen such cases.

Those who had looked after their children well; spending their resources (both physical and financial) sometimes are not cared for by those who ought to look after them while they’ve able to do so. These hapless people are subjected to physical violence, verbal aggression and neglected totally.  So much so is the neglect and maltreatment that these elderly people are subjected to that they pray to the Creator for their deaths.

I have myself observed how an old mother was left in a single room at her oldage with nobody to look after and that too with multiple infirmities. Two sons were financially good but they specially purchased a house in another locality and kept their aged mother there – just to fend for herself. She lead a pathetic life. For others everyday begins with a hope but her day began with age related problems – aches, difficulty in making her own meals etc. What a wretched life! After suffering silently, she left that lonely house even to her permanent abode.  

Reasons for violence may be due to corruption in high place and politics, lack of accountability, differences due to caste, creed, colour, regionalism, religious fundamentalism, terrorism etc but the consequences of all these are disastrous. We unleash animal instinct and harm others on one pretext or other; which for God sake should stop and sanity should prevail.





Non-violence emits fragrance, so refreshing
Whilst humans are in its spell, so enchanting
Wellness and brotherhood prevail
Dark clouds of hate
Loses its evil black cloud
And, at last environs around
Becomes sparkling clean
In its pious presence
Anger dare not show its ugly face
Fearing shameful exposé
In its very presence
Bitterness takes a hasty retreat
Fearing its influence so angelic.

Non-violence, works two ways
It unites relations separated
Due to narrow lanes
Of hatred prevalent since long
Spewing out uncalled for malice
At each other at any chance
Now they shower praise
After being hypnotized by the influence
Of sweet-sweet non-violence.

Also provides food for thought
To go on in life fearlessly
Spreading the message of peace with sanity
A God ordained quality
A undeniable fact – doubtlessly.





Since stone-age man has evolved and modernized in myriad of ways but has not left his violent behavior even a bit. Violence and its methods too have evolved – become more violent / gone sea change due to modern weaponry and other methods of retributions. Sanity is the victim in this sort of situation. Anything and everything become the butt of controversy leading to flash-point and result in mayhem. It has come to such a pass that people take violence in the spirit of resignation.


The Sanskrit word for non-violence is AHIMSA – meaning non-use of force or not to harm others. This ahimsa may be in our attitude and karma – in writing and ensuring its fructification in a most peaceful manner discernible. This ahimsa could be for all living beings or following a way of thinking based entirely on calmness or peaceful or without harming others while performing any task or following a spiritual path, or ethical or moral path.


The history of nonviolence in India is very old. Mahavira (24th Tirthankara of Jainism) professed AHIMSA PHILOSOPHY (599 BCE-527 BCE). Non-violence brings into its wake peace, calmness and tranquility besides bringing in its wake onward march in civilization and progressive mentality.


Gandhian Philosophy of nonviolence proved very effective and helped immensely in India’s freedom movement. Here the Dandi March which he led is praise worthy. His philosophy of satygraha (holding unto truth) through non-violence non-use of force, non-violent protests just peacefully. Even he brought the formula of non-violence and civil disobedience for social change with a difference. This philosophy of non-violence is synonymous with peaceful resolution of disputes. His philosophy of non-violence was used by Martin Luther King for getting civil rights for his people and Nelson Mandela too was influenced by this philosophy of non-violence and adopted this in South Africa.  


Non-violence is a powerful and just weapon. Indeed, it is a weapon unique in history, which cuts without wounding and ennobles the man who wields it.

Martin Luther King, Jr

Even the social, economic, political and political and all sundry differences could be sorted out with cooperation, amity, fellow feeling and on the basis of give and take. No persecution or coercion prosecution but through persuasion / mutual understanding with an idea of give and take for getting things done.



Regionalism and Religious differences. People living in different areas have different aspirations for the progress of their areas. Then there are problems of like mindedness in religions. When religion is taken as a way of life and a means to reach our Lord/Ishwar/Allaha then it is fine But when the people of one religion consider themselves more equal than the people of other then problem arises.

Casteism. In the olden times, castes were due to the role of people following different professions. It is really disgraceful that although a person with high literacy and knowledge (even more than Brahmin) but born in a low caste still is construed as low caste! This is a tragedy and a strange legacy of Manu based caste system. There are so much bad blood between different castes due to this and a reason for violence. Then there are people who, for garnering votes, solidify their caste base for votes when need of the hour is to consolidate the developmental plank for inclusive progress of the people in general. Politicians, without thinking about result, array one community against another for getting their bread buttered.


Communalism. Communalism is the belief in which one community wants to have ascendancy over other communities. The hatred of one community against other unleashes communal violence. It could be termed as majoritism against minoritism


Religion and Caste related Differences. Rise of narrow-mindedness due to caste and religious intolerance too are responsible for bad blood and communal flare-ups. Here the blood of innocent people is shed. I believe violence in the name of religion tantamount to not to understand the true meaning of religion. It should never be forgotten that religions unite us with our Lord.  Thinking otherwise means we do not know the basic tenets of a religion. 


In all the communities there are violent people (hotheads) who are always ready to find time for differences or if differences are not there then create situations prejudicial to the unity and integrity of a country. Increasing cases of religious intolerance have to be arrested. Then sometimes there are the instances where the artists want to project their viewpoints on social realities. I am of the firm view that if a perceived thought is publicized on social media is judgmental of the essential tenets and beliefs of a particular religion then that perceived thought should not be highlighted.

Religious beliefs should always be left untouched by those who do not profess the particular beliefs. Then there are violence when inter-caste and inter religion relations do take place without the permission of elders. We should thus be sensible while dealing those subjects which involve caste and religious sensitivities. It should be remembered, where rationality does not work beliefs works, where sensitivities rule reason pragmatism just fades into oblivion.   


Increased Materialism. It has been experienced that man wants to have as much material prosperity as he could garner – by any means, lawful or through corrupt practices. There is little place for sensitivity to others’ needs, emotions, compassion, love or affection. These are secondary things. Here amassing wealth without giving two hoots for others has become an order of the day. In this rat race, exploitation of worst order has been resorted humane and human emotions hardly count.


Corruption at High Places/Political Parties.  Different scams which resulted due to corrupt practices followed at high places tarnished the image of that political party. It brought into its wake misery to many at the cost of handful of people. It has well been said, excess of everything is bad. When this corruption reaches to its zenith, people exercise their right to vote out that corrupt Government. In democratic sort of Governments, it is through votes. This has been experienced in India.

Violence is against the laws of natural justice / or Clouding our thoughts with Ego. Whenever we consider ourselves more than the law and transgress the same with impunity and when it goes crossing the line once too often then matter becomes rife for aggression or simmering discontent surfaces engulfing not only the affected person but also those who are near. Contrarily, if we remain within the lines of acceptability then things will not go to that far. Violence could be averted if we all remain within the confines of our rights and duties.

The result of violence is still more violence. Result of violence is still more violence. If I resort to violence on others, others too will pay me in the same coin.   Violence bad since it has its origin from our retributive mindset. When one section of society pursues its agenda which the other one considers contrary to their aspirations/unwholesome then differences arise and take violent turn if differences are not sorted out with time and space. The teachings of Bhudhism  and also Jainism  exhort us to adopt non-violence as our way of life.


Gandhian Philosophy is based on non-violence. His SATYGRAHA (truth based resistance) was based entirely on non-violence and see how much benefit it brought out / resulted in our freedom struggle. He was of the opinion that this weapon should not be used indiscriminately.  If used without any thinking about its consequences, it will do more harm than good.


Anger, rancour, greed, lowering others’ prestige/ insulting others, including all the negative traits are the result of VIOLENCE and should be eliminated from our system for good.


Finally, for us humans to have peaceful co-existence, it is a must that we firstly understand and respect others’ sentiments. Human behavior have to be based on tolerance, co-existence and fellow feelings.


The feeling of oneness could be cemented when regionalism, favoritism and narrow thinking could be given good bye for an overall good of all the communities.

Conclusively, it could be said: